32nd Marines Brigade (Greece)

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32nd Marines Brigade
32η Ταξιαρχία Πεζοναυτών
Marine Forces Emblem Greece.jpg
Emblem of the 32nd Marines Brigade
Active 1919–Present
Country  Greece
Branch HellenicArmySeal.svg Hellenic Army
Type Marines / Special Operations Forces
Size 5 Battalions
Part of I Infantry Division
Garrison/HQ Volos, Thessaly
Motto Θαρσείν Χρη
Tharsein Hri, Courage is Necessary
Anniversaries Foundation in 1919
Engagements Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)
Greco-Italian War (1940-1941)
Greek Civil War (1946-1949)

The 32nd Marines Brigade (Greek: 32 ΤAΞ ΠΝ - 32η Ταξιαρχία Πεζοναυτών Mοράβας), 32 TAX PN - 32 Taxiarhia Pezonavton "Moravas", is the Marines unit of Greece. The brigade is based at the port town of Volos in Thessaly, and its primary role is infantry and amphibious operations on the numerous islands off the Greek coast. Unlike other countries, the Greek Marines form part of the Army, while the landing craft and naval equipment are provided by the Hellenic Navy.

History[edit]

The unit traces its ancestry to the 32nd Infantry Regiment, formed in Preveza in 1919, then belonging to the VIII Infantry Division. It took part in the Greco-Turkish War and later in the Greco-Italian War during the Second World War. After the occupation of Greece by the Germans, it was disbanded. In 1959 the Regiment was raised anew as the 132nd Light Infantry Regiment and moved to Attica as a reserve unit, but in 1967 was reorganized as a Marines unit under the name 32nd Marines Regiment.

In January 1988, after the disbandment of the unified 3rd Special Forces Division, the unit was enlarged to brigade size. It is currently placed under the II Army Corps as part of the Greek Rapid Reaction Force.

The 32nd Marines Brigade was established in 1988 after the reorganization of the Special Forces Command.

Uniform and Unit Insignia[edit]

All Marines wear the standard-issue Greek Lizard camouflage BDUs of the Hellenic Army. Members of the 32nd Marines Brigade originally wore the blue beret, but this was changed to the green beret in 2001 because of its Special Forces role. The blue beret was, subsequently, issued to infantry units.

The unit insignia depicts the Argo, the ship of Jason and the Argonauts, and is representative of the first recorded Greek marine expedition. Brigade HQ is based at Volos, near the ancient Thessalian port city of Iolcos, from where the Argonauts embarked on their mission to retrieve the Golden Fleece. The unit flash is emblazoned with ΔΥΝΑΜΕΙΣ ΠΕΖΟΝΑΥΤΩΝ (Marine Forces).

The unit motto is Courage Is Necessary (Greek: ΘΑΡΣΕΙΝ ΧΡΗ - Tharsein Hri), attributed to the Goddess Athena, through the mouth of Odysseus, as words of encouragement to the Greek forces besieging the city of Troy.

Structure of the
32nd Marines Brigade

Structure[edit]

Marine Forces Emblem Greece.jpg 32nd Marines Brigade "Moravas" in Volos, Thessaly.

  • HQ Company (ΛΣ/32ης ΤAΞ ΠΝ)
  • 505th Marines Battalion (505ο ΤΠN)
    • Command company, three Marine companies, Support company
  • 521st Marines Battalion (521ο ΤΠN)
    • Command company, three Marine companies, Support company
  • 575th Marines Battalion (575ο ΤΠN)
    • Command company, three Marine companies, Support company
  • 32nd Armoured Squadron (32η ΙΜΑ)
    • Four tank platoons, with a total of 17 Leopard 1A5 tanks
  • 32nd Field Artillery Battalion (32η ΜΠΠ)
    • Command battery and three fire batteries, with a total of 18 Oto Melara Mod 56 pack howitzers
  • 32nd Engineer Company (32ος ΛΜΧ)
  • 32nd Light Air Defence Battery (32η ΠΕΑ/ΑΠ)
  • 32nd Signal Company (32ος ΛΔΒ)
  • 32nd Support Battalion (32ο TYΠ)

References and links[edit]