335th Fighter Squadron
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (December 2012)|
|335th Fighter Squadron|
Emblem of the 335th Fighter Squadron
|Active||14 May 1941 – present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Ninth Air Force
4th Fighter Wing
4th Operations Group
|Garrison/HQ||Seymour Johnson Air Force Base|
|Engagements||World War II
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Southern Watch
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
|Richard Myers, Ralph Jodice|
The 335th was constituted on 22 August 1942 as an incorporation of the No. 121 (Eagle) Squadron of the Royal Air Force, formed on 14 May 1941 as the second of three Eagle Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. These squadrons were composed of American volunteers, recruited by the RAF as a result of the heavy loss of pilots during the Battle of Britain in 1940; the volunteers were ineligible to join the USAAF. In this capacity, the squadron operated Supermarine Spitfires and Hawker Hurricanes.
Its current emblem contains the head of an American Indian chief, which dates back to the original emblem of 121 Squadron RAF.
The "Chiefs" fly the McDonnell-Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle. The squadron has an authorized strength of 24 aircraft and around 65 personnel. Its aircraft are identified by the "SJ" tail code and green fin flash.
Currently the squadron provides worldwide deployable aircraft and personnel capable of executing combat missions in support of worldwide Aerospace Expeditionary Force deployments to combat areas as part of the Global War on Terrorism.
The 335th is known as the "World's Leading MiG Killers" for destroying 218.5 MiGs in aerial combat.
World War II
In 1942, the Royal Air Force Eagle Squadrons were turned over to the United States Army Air Forces, with No. 121 Squadron being constituted as the 335th Fighter Squadron on 22 August, activated on 12 September and the same day assigned to the 4th Fighter Group of the VIII Fighter Command. Coming into USAAF service, the squadron was re-equipped with P-47 Thunderbolts and later P-51 Mustangs. They destroyed 262 enemy aircraft – 165 in the air and 97 on the ground.
They remained with the Group until they were returned to the United States and deactivated at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey on 10 November 1945.
After less than a year, the 335th was reactivated on 9 September 1946 at Selfridge Field, Michigan, and has remained on active duty since.
In 1947, the squadron was redesignated as the 335th Fighter Squadron, Jet Propelled, as it received the new P-80 Shooting Stars. They flew out of Andrews AFB, Maryland, until 1949, when they moved to Langley AFB, Virginia, and received the F-86 Sabre, which they took to Korea on 10 November 1950 as the 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron of the Fifth Air Force. By the end of the Korean War, the 335th led all squadrons with 218.5 kills (for around forty losses) and had become a part of the "MiG Killer" legend with 12 aces.
In May 1958, the squadron deployed to Eglin AFB, Florida, tasked with operational testing of the new F-105 Thunderchief for the next three years. In May 1959, the 335th became the first squadron in the Air Force to receive the F-105 Thunderchief, and the transition from F-100s to F-105s began. The squadron returned to Seymour Johnson AFB in November 1961.
The squadron saw action in Southeast Asia in November 1965, flying the F-105 out of Takhli RTAFB, Thailand. In 1969, the 335th transitioned to the airframe its aircrew would fly for the next twenty-three years—the F-4 Phantom II; later this year, they briefly deployed to South Korea. In 1972, the squadron again saw action in Vietnam, from July to December, flying out of Ubon RTAFB, Thailand.
Later in the 1970s, they became the first operational squadron to qualify with the GBU-15 guided bomb, and in doing so, exceeded 100,000 consecutive accident-free hours. They deployed briefly to Ramstein AB, Germany in 1978 and 1979, for a month each time.
On 1 March 1990, in conjunction with the fifty-first change of command, the squadron's final F-4 sortie and first F-15E sortie were flown. The 335th was the second fighter squadron in the Air Force to receive the Strike Eagle.
On 27 December 1990, the 335th deployed twenty-four F-15Es along with support personnel and equipment to Al Kharj Air Base in central Saudi Arabia. On the night of 16 January 1991, the 335th participated in the initial assault on Iraq, hitting communications, power networks, and airfields around Baghdad. The 335th made aerial warfare history by downing an Iraqi helicopter in the air using a laser-guided bomb. During the war, the squadron flew 1,097 combat missions over Iraq and occupied Kuwait, dropping over 4.8 million pounds of ordnance.
After the war, the 335th continued to fly combat air patrol missions over Iraq and Kuwait until relieved by the 334th Fighter Squadron, departing on 24 June 1991. Since then, the 335th has returned to Southwest Asia several times; three times to Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, and twice to Doha, Qatar, as an Air Expeditionary Force. The AEF-III deployment in 1996 was the first for an Air Force unit to Doha after the Desert Storm deployment of the 614th Tactical Fighter Squadron's F-16's during 1990–1991.
In January 2002, the 335th deployed to Al Jabar AB, Kuwait in support of Operation Southern Watch and Operation Enduring Freedom. 12 F-15Es deployed, accomplishing 500 sorties comprising 3,000 flying hours. During this time the 335th dropped almost 300 laser guided and dumb bombs, and expended 1200 rounds of 20mm ammunition. The 335th received numerous awards and accolades from Operation Enduring Freedom; four Silver Stars were awarded as well as eight Distinguished Flying Crosses.
In February 2003 the 335th again deployed to Southwest Asia for Operation Iraqi Freedom. During Iraqi Freedom and Operation Southern Watch the squadron deployed 24 F-15Es, and flew 1,500 sorties, totaling 7,000 flying hours. They dropped over 1 million pounds of precision and non-precision munitions on numerous targets such as key Iraqi leadership, command and control bunkers, artillery Republican Guard units and many others.
- Constituted 335th Fighter Squadron on 22 August 1942
- Activated on 12 September 1942
- Redesignated 335th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine, on 20 August 1943
- Inactivated on 10 November 1945
- Activated on 9 September 1946
- Redesignated as : 335th Fighter Squadron, Jet Propelled, on 23 April 1947
- Redesignated as : 335th Fighter Squadron, Jet, on 14 June 1948
- Redesignated as : 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 20 January 1950
- Redesignated as : 335th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 8 March 1955
- Redesignated as : 335th Fighter-Day Squadron on 25 April 1956
- Redesignated as : 335th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 July 1958
- Redesignated as : 335th Fighter Squadron on 1 November 1991
- 4th Fighter Group, 12 September 1942 – 10 November 1945
- 4th Fighter (later, 4th Fighter-Interceptor; 4th Fighter-Bomber, 4th Fighter-Day) Group, 9 September 1946
- 4th Fighter-Day (later, 4th Tactical Fighter) Wing, 8 December 1957
- Attached to: HQ Tactical Air Command, 1 May 1960 – 22 November 1961
- Attached to: Seventeenth Air Force, c. 16 November 1964 – 21 February 1965
- Attached to: 6441 Tactical Fighter Wing, 3 July – c. 6 November 1965
- Attached to: 355th Tactical Fighter Wing, c. 6 November – 6 December 1965
- Attached to: 354th Tactical Fighter Wing, 4 December 1969 – c. 25 May 1970
- Attached to: 8th Tactical Fighter Wing, 6 July – 22 December 1972
- Attached to: 86th Tactical Fighter Wing, 2 September – 2 October 1978 and 28 August – 29 September 1979
- Attached to: 4th Tactical Fighter Wing Provisional, 27 December 1990 – 12 March 1991
- Attached to: 4404th Tactical Fighter Wing Provisional, 13 March 1991–
- 4th Operations Group, 22 April 1991–present
- Remained attached to 4404th Tactical Fighter Wing Provisional until 27 June 1991
Much material on this page was originally sourced from a U.S. Air Force website.
- 335th Fighter Squadron lineage & history
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- "4th Fighter Group WWII" Official WWII Association Website Referenced 4 March 2012