339 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC4th century BC3rd century BC
Decades: 360s BC  350s BC  340s BC  – 330s BC –  320s BC  310s BC  300s BC
Years: 342 BC 341 BC 340 BC339 BC338 BC 337 BC 336 BC
339 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 339 BC
Ab urbe condita 415
Ancient Egypt era XXXI dynasty, 5
- Pharaoh Artaxerxes III of Persia, 5
Ancient Greek era 110th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar 4412
Bengali calendar −931
Berber calendar 612
Buddhist calendar 206
Burmese calendar −976
Byzantine calendar 5170–5171
Chinese calendar 辛巳(Metal Snake)
2358 or 2298
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
2359 or 2299
Coptic calendar −622 – −621
Discordian calendar 828
Ethiopian calendar −346 – −345
Hebrew calendar 3422–3423
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −282 – −281
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2763–2764
Holocene calendar 9662
Iranian calendar 960 BP – 959 BP
Islamic calendar 990 BH – 988 BH
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1995
Minguo calendar 2250 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 204–205

Year 339 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Mamercinus and Philo (or, less frequently, year 415 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 339 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Philip II of Macedon decides to attack the Scythians, using as an excuse their reluctance to allow Philip to dedicate a statue of Heracles at the Danube estuary. The two armies clash on the plains of modern-day Dobruja. The ninety-year-old King of the Scythians, Ateas, is killed during the battle and his army is routed.
  • During a meeting of the Amphictyonic Council, Philip accuses the citizens of the town of Amfissa, in Locris, of intruding on consecrated ground. The Amphictyonic Congress, with the initial support of the Athenian representative, Aeschines, decides to inflict a harsh punishment upon the Locrians. After the failure of a first military excursion against the Locrians, the summer session of the Amphictyonic Council gives command of the league's forces to Philip and asks him to lead a second excursion. Philip acts at once, and his forces pass through Thermopylae, enter Amfissa and defeat the Locrians who are led by Chares, the Athenian general and mercenary commander.
  • Xenocrates is elected as head of the Greek Academy replacing Speusippus.

Roman Republic[edit]