33rd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (October 2009)|
|33rd Armoured Brigade|
Formation Insignia of the 33rd Armoured Brigade
|Active||17 March 1944 - 22 August 1945
1 January 1980 - 1 December 1992
|Part of||Independent Brigade
79th Armoured Division
3rd Armoured Division 1980-1992
|Engagements||Second World War
Invasion of Normandy
The 33rd Armoured Brigade (33rd Armd Bde) was a British Army brigade active in 1944-45, in the 1970s, and in 1980-92.
The brigade was formed in the UK on 17 March 1944 by re-designating of the 33rd Tank Brigade. The brigade took part in the Normandy campaign and landed on Gold Beach on 6 June 1944. The brigade, consisting of three armoured regiments, was assigned to any infantry who were in need of armoured support; because of this mission, the brigade rarely fought as a single unit.
The brigade took part in several actions that comprised the Battle for Caen. On 11 June the brigade took part in fighting at Le Mesnil-Patry. Between 8–9 July the brigade participated in Operation Charnwood; the capture of northern Caen. Supplementing the 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division, on 16 July, the brigade took part in Operation Pomegranate, part of the Second Battle of the Odon; an attack launched to divert German attention away from the upcoming Operation Goodwood attack. Following the Battle for Caen the brigade was then involved in the First Canadian Army’s attack towards Falaise; on 8 August the brigade took part in Operation Totalize.
On 1 December 1977 the brigade was renamed Task Force Echo. Three years later, on 1 January 1980, Task Force Echo was reverted to 33rd Armoured Brigade. Following the fall of the Berlin Wall, in December 1992, the brigade was merged with the 20th Armoured Brigade and disbanded as part of the Options for Change programme.
1940 - 1944
- 1st Northamptonshire Yeomanry (Sherman I & Firefly VC)
- 144th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (Sherman I & Firefly VC)
- 148th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (Sherman I & Firefly VC)
August 1944 until Rhine Crossing
1980 - 1992
The following served with the Brigade during this time.
- RHD/G[clarification needed]
- 1st Battalion, Royal Scots
- 1st Battalion, Black Watch
- 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Fusiliers
- 1st Battalion, Queens Regiment
- Queen's Royal Lancers
- Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
- 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars
- 25th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers