33rd Tank Brigade

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33rd Tank Brigade
Active 30 August 1941 – 17 March 1944
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Armoured
Role Infantry Tank
Size Brigade
Part of Independent Brigade
3rd Division

33rd Army Tank Brigade (later 33rd Tank Brigade) was an armoured formation of the British Army during World War II.

Origin[edit]

33rd Army Tank Brigade was created on 30 August 1941 under GHQ Home Forces to supervise the training of infantry battalions converted to the armour role. On 15 October Brigade HQ was completed to full establishment and it became an active brigade in Eastern Command and later I Corps. Its initial composition was one Territorial Army tank battalion and two converted infantry battalions of the Royal Armoured Corps, based in the "Dukeries" area of Nottinghamshire, the 43 RTR at Welbeck Abbey, 144 RAC at Rufford Abbey and 148 RAC at Thoresby Hall.[1][2][3][4]

Service[edit]

On 22 June 1942 the brigade dropped 'Army' from its title and became the tank brigade in 3rd Division, which had reorganised as a 'mixed' division. However, In April 1943 3rd Division reverted to being an infantry division, and on 4 May 1943 33rd Tank Brigade became an independent formation again.[5]

The brigade's regiments had trained in the Infantry Tank role, latterly on Churchill tanks, but in the Spring of 1944 converted to Sherman and Sherman Firefly medium tanks.[6] Reflecting this changed role, 33rd Tank Brigade was redesignated 33rd Armoured Brigade on 17 March 1944.[7]

Units[edit]

The following units served in 33rd Tank Brigade:[8]

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded 33rd Tank Brigade:[9]

  • Brigadier R.M. Jerram from 30 August 1941
  • Brigadier C.H. Montague from 22 December 1942
  • Brigadier H.B. Scott from 7 March 1944

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Joslen, p. 206.
  2. ^ 144 RAC War Diary November–December 1941, The National Archives, Kew, file WO 166/1433.
  3. ^ 144 RAC War Diary November–December 1941, The National Archives, Kew, file WO 166/1433.
  4. ^ 148 RAC War Diary November-December 1941, The National Archives file WO 166/1436.
  5. ^ Joslen, pp. 43–4, 206.
  6. ^ Jolly.
  7. ^ Joslen, p. 206.
  8. ^ Joslen, p. 206.
  9. ^ Joslen, p. 206.

References[edit]

  • Lt-Col A. Jolly, The Battle of Noyers 16–18 July 1944, Appendix to 144 RAC War Diary July 1944 The National Archives, Kew, file WO 171/878).
  • Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, Volume I, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1843424746.