33rd United States Congress

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33rd United States Congress
Capitol1846.jpg
United States Capitol (1846)

Duration: March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1855

Senate President: William R. King (Mar.–Apr. 1853)
Vacant (1853–1855)
Senate Pres. pro tem: David R. Atchison
Lewis Cass
Jesse D. Bright
House Speaker: Linn Boyd
Members: 62 Senators
234 Representatives
7 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1853 – April 11, 1853
1st: December 5, 1853 – August 7, 1854
2nd: December 4, 1854 – March 4, 1855
<32nd 34th>

The Thirty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1853 to March 4, 1855, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President Franklin Pierce. During this session, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, an act that soon led to the creation of the Republican Party. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Major events[edit]

Gadsden Purchase (in yellow)

Major legislation[edit]

Treaties[edit]

Territories organized[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Free Soil
(FS)
Whig
(W)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 34 4 23 0 61 1
Begin 36 2 22 0 60 2
End 38 4 19 61 1
Final voting share 62.3% 6.6% 31.1% 0.0%
Beginning of next Congress 35 (Opposition coalition)
20
0 56 6

House of Representatives[edit]

For the beginning of this congress, the size of the House was increased from 233 seats to 234 seats, following the 1850 United States Census (See 9 Stat. 433).

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Independent
Democratic
(ID)
Free Soil
(FS)
Whig
(W)
Independent
(I)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 126 3 3 86 0 14 232 1
Begin 158 1 3 71 1 0 234 0
End 156 2 74
Final voting share 66.7% 0.4% 0.9% 31.6% 0.4% 0.1%
Beginning of next Congress 79 (Opposition coalition)
154
233 1

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
William R. King

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1856; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1858; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1854. The United States consisted of 31 states during this Congress.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Alabama
(2)
Vacant Failure to elect Clement C. Clay (D) November 29, 1853
Mississippi
(2)
Vacant Vacancy in term Albert G. Brown (D) January 7, 1854
Arkansas
(3)
Solon Borland (D) Resigned April 11, 1853 after being appointed Minister to Nicaragua and other Central American Republics Robert W. Johnson (D) July 6, 1853
Louisiana
(3)
Pierre Soulé (D) Resigned April 11, 1853 after being appointed Minister to Spain John Slidell (D) December 5, 1853
New Hampshire
(2)
Charles G. Atherton (D) Died November 15, 1853 Jared W. Williams (D) November 29, 1853
Vermont
(3)
Samuel S. Phelps (W) Senate declared not entitled to seat March 16, 1854 Lawrence Brainerd (FS) October 14, 1854
Connecticut
(3)
Truman Smith (W) Resigned May 24, 1854 Francis Gillette (FS) May 24, 1854
Massachusetts
(2)
Edward Everett (W) Resigned June 1, 1854
Successor was appointed to serve until a new successor was elected.
Julius Rockwell (W) June 3, 1854
New Hampshire
(2)
Jared W. Williams (D) Resigned August 4, 1854 Vacant Not filled this term
New Hampshire
(3)
Moses Norris, Jr. (D) Died January 11, 1855 John S. Wells (D) January 16, 1855
Massachusetts
(2)
Julius Rockwell (W) Successor elected January 31, 1855 Henry Wilson (FS) January 31, 1855
Iowa
(3)
Augustus C. Dodge (D) Resigned February 22, 1855 after being appointed Minister to Spain Vacant Not filled this term

House of Representatives[edit]


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Washington Territory at-large Vacant New seat established after Washington became a territory near the end of previous Congress. Seat was vacant until April 12, 1854. Columbia Lancaster (D) Seated April 12, 1854
New York 29th Azariah Boody (W) Resigned some time in October, 1853 Davis Carpenter (W) Seated November 8, 1853
Tennessee 1st Brookins Campbell (D) Died December 25, 1853 Nathaniel G. Taylor (W) Seated March 30, 1854
Pennsylvania 8th Henry A. Muhlenberg (D) Died January 9, 1854 J. Glancy Jones (D) Seated February 4, 1854
Massachusetts 1st Zeno Scudder (W) Resigned March 4, 1854 Thomas D. Eliot (W) Seated April 17, 1854
Kansas Territory at-large New seat New seat established after Kansas became a territory May 30, 1854. Seat was vacant until December 20, 1854. John W. Whitfield (D) Seated December 20, 1854
Nebraska Territory at-large New seat New seat established after Nebraska became a territory May 30, 1854. Seat was vacant until January 5, 1855. Napoleon B. Giddings (D) Seated December 5, 1855
Virginia 11th John F. Snodgrass (D) Died June 5, 1854 Charles S. Lewis (D) Seated December 4, 1854
New York 12th Gilbert Dean (D) Resigned July 3, 1854 after being appointed justice of the Supreme Court of New York Isaac Teller (W) Seated November 7, 1854
New York 22nd Gerrit Smith (FS) Resigned August 7, 1854 Henry C. Goodwin (W) Seated November 7, 1854
Kentucky 3rd Presley Ewing (W) Died September 27, 1854 Francis Bristow (W) Seated December 4, 1854

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]