344 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC4th century BC3rd century BC
Decades: 370s BC  360s BC  350s BC  – 340s BC –  330s BC  320s BC  310s BC
Years: 347 BC 346 BC 345 BC344 BC343 BC 342 BC 341 BC
344 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 344 BC
Ab urbe condita 410
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4407
Bahá'í calendar −2187 – −2186
Bengali calendar −936
Berber calendar 607
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 201
Burmese calendar −981
Byzantine calendar 5165–5166
Chinese calendar 丙子(Fire Rat)
2353 or 2293
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
2354 or 2294
Coptic calendar −627 – −626
Discordian calendar 823
Ethiopian calendar −351 – −350
Hebrew calendar 3417–3418
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −287 – −286
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2758–2759
Holocene calendar 9657
Igbo calendar −1343 – −1342
Iranian calendar 965 BP – 964 BP
Islamic calendar 995 BH – 994 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1990
Minguo calendar 2255 before ROC
民前2255年
Thai solar calendar 200

Year 344 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rutilus and Torquatus (or, less frequently, year 410 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 344 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]

Greece[edit]

  • The Athenian statesman, Demosthenes, travels to Peloponnesus, in order to detach as many cities as possible from Macedon's influence, but his efforts are generally unsuccessful. Most of the Peloponnesians see Philip II as the guarantor of their freedom, so they send a joint embassy to Athens to express their grievances against Demosthenes' activities. In response to these complaints, Demosthenes delivers the Second Philippic, which is a vehement attack against Philip II.

Sicily[edit]

  • The aristocracy of Syracuse appeal to their mother city of Corinth against their tyrant Dionysius II. The Corinthian general Timoleon is chosen to lead a liberation force to Sicily. Landing at Tauromenium (Taormina) in the summer, Timoleon faces two armies, one under Dionysius and the other under Hicetas (tyrant of nearby Leontini), who has also called in Carthaginian forces. By shrewd tactics Timoleon defeats his enemies and occupies Syracuse.
  • Dionysius II goes into exile once more after the successful invasion by Timoleon of Corinth.

By topic[edit]

Science[edit]

  • The Greek philosopher and scientist, Aristotle, travels from Assus to Lesbos to study natural history, especially marine biology.


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]