34th Division (United Kingdom)

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34th Division
British 34th Division insignia.png
Active World War I
April 1915 – 1919
Country United Kingdom
Branch New Army
Type Infantry
Engagements Battle of the Somme

The British 34th Division was a New Army division formed in April 1915 as part of the K4 Army Group. The division landed in France on January 1916 and spent the duration of the First World War in action on the Western Front.

The division was originally made up of Pals battalions, notably the 10th Lincolns, known as the Grimsby Chums, and two brigades of Northumberland Fusiliers; the Tyneside Scottish and Tyneside Irish. The division's first major action was the attack at La Boisselle on the first day of the Battle of the Somme during which the division suffered heavy casualties and many of the original Pals were killed.

Composition[edit]

101st Brigade
102nd (Tyneside Scottish) Brigade 

The original Tyneside Scottish battalions were:

  • 20th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
  • 21st (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
  • 22nd (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
  • 23rd (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers

In February 1918 the 20th and 21st Battalions were disbanded and in June, the 22nd Battalion (3rd Tyneside Scottish) joined the 48th Brigade, 16th (Irish) Division while the 23rd Battalion (4th Tyneside Scottish) joined the 116th Brigade, 39th Division.

  • 25th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers (from February 1918 until June 1918)
  • 1/4th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment (from July 1918)
  • 1/7th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment (from July 1918)
  • 1/1st Battalion, The Herefordshire Regiment (from June 1918)
103rd (Tyneside Irish) Brigade 

The original Tyneside Irish battalions were:

  • 24th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
  • 25th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
  • 26th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
  • 27th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers

In February 1918, the 24th, 26th and 27th Battalions were disbanded and the 25th Battalion (2nd Tyneside Irish) transferred to the 116th Brigade, 39th Division. For the remainder of the war, the brigade structure was:

Between 6 July and 22 August 1916, the 102nd and 103rd Brigades, which had been effectively wiped out during the first day on the Somme, were transferred to the 37th Division, being replaced by the 111th and 112th Brigades. In this period the 37th Division was holding the line on a quiet sector at Vimy Ridge.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]