359 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC4th century BC3rd century BC
Decades: 380s BC  370s BC  360s BC  – 350s BC –  340s BC  330s BC  320s BC
Years: 362 BC 361 BC 360 BC359 BC358 BC 357 BC 356 BC
359 BC by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
359 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 359 BC
Ab urbe condita 395
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4392
Bahá'í calendar −2202 – −2201
Bengali calendar −951
Berber calendar 592
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 186
Burmese calendar −996
Byzantine calendar 5150–5151
Chinese calendar 辛酉(Metal Rooster)
2338 or 2278
    — to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
2339 or 2279
Coptic calendar −642 – −641
Discordian calendar 808
Ethiopian calendar −366 – −365
Hebrew calendar 3402–3403
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −302 – −301
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2743–2744
Holocene calendar 9642
Igbo calendar −1358 – −1357
Iranian calendar 980 BP – 979 BP
Islamic calendar 1010 BH – 1009 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1975
Minguo calendar 2270 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 185

Year 359 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Laenas and Imperiosus (or, less frequently, year 395 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 359 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The Macedonian King Perdiccas III is killed while defending his country against an Illyrian attack led by King Bardylis. He is succeeded by his infant son, Amyntas IV. The child's uncle, Philip II, assumes the regency.
  • The Illyrians prepare to close in, the Paeonians raid from the north and two claimants to the Macedonian throne are supported by foreign powers. Philip II buys off his dangerous neighbours and, with a treaty, cedes Amphipolis to Athens.