35th Operations Group

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35th Operations Group Pacific Air Forces.png
35thoperationsgroup-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 35th Operations Group
Active 1940–1957; 1963–1965; 1993–1994; 1994–present
Country United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Fighter
Motto Attack to Defend
Engagements
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg Army of Occupation ribbon.svg
  • World War II
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign (1942–1945)
  • Army of Occupation (Japan)
    (1945–1950, 1951–1952)
  • Korean Service (1950–1951)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Edwin A. Doss
Lockheed F-16CJ Block 50P Fighting Falcon 92-3895 from the 13th Fighter Squadron
Formation of Block 50A F-16CJs, 90-0812 from the 14th Fighter Squadron identifiable

The 35th Operations Group (35 OG) is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 35th Fighter Wing. It is stationed at Misawa Air Base, Japan, and is a part of Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).

During World War II, the units predecessor unit, the 35th Fighter Group operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as part of Fifth Air Force, first using P-38s and P-39s, and later P-47s. The group engaged the enemy in numerous campaigns being awarded both the United States Distinguished Unit Citation and the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Later, during the Korean War, the group operated from bases in Japan and South Korea in support of UN ground forces, bombing and strafing enemy supply lines, troop concentrations, and communications, earning a second DUC. In the modern era, the 35th Operations Group deployed aircraft and personnel to Southwest Asia in support of Operations NORTHERN and SOUTHERN WATCH and the Global War on Terrorism 1997–2003.

Overview[edit]

The 35 OG is a combat-ready fighter group composed of two deployable F-16CJ "Wild Weasel" fighter squadrons (Tail Code: WW), one operational support squadron, and one air control flight capable of conducting and supporting air operations worldwide. Responsible for flight operations, airfield management, intelligence, tactical air control, combat plans, weapons and tactics, and weather support for the 35 FW. The group is assigned the following squadrons:

History[edit]

For additional history and lineage, see 35th Fighter Wing

The 35th Pursuit Group (Interceptor) was activated at Moffett Field, California on 1 February 1940. Initial squadrons of the group were the 21st Pursuit Squadron and 34th Pursuit Squadrons. Initially training with Seversky P-35s, P-36 Hawks, P-39 Airacobras, and Curtiss P-40 aircraft, the group moved to the Philippines in November 1941.

World War II[edit]

The air echelons of the 21st and 34th Pursuit squadrons arrived in Philippines and were attached to the 24th Pursuit Group, being stationed at Nichols and Del Carmen Fields on Luzon.

Headquarters and a third squadron (70th) sailed for Manila on 5 December but because of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor they returned to Hamilton Field where the squadron flew some patrols.

The 21st and 34th Pursuit Squadrons fought in the Battle of the Philippines (1941–42). Both squadrons were wiped out in the battle, with the men eventually fighting as infantry during the Battle of Bataan. The survivors were subjected to the Bataan Death March, although some did escape to Australia.

Headquarters and the 70th squadron sailed for Brisbane, Australia on 12 January 1942. On 15 January all the combat squadrons were relieved and three others, still in the US, were assigned.

Headquarters reached Brisbane Australia in February 1942 while the squadrons had moved from the US to various locations (Ballarat, Mount Gambier, Williamstown, Woodstock) in Australia and were training for combat with P-39s.

From Australia, the 35th entered combat with Fifth Air Force, operating successively from bases in Australia, New Guinea, Owi, Morotai, and the Philippines. First used P-38s and P-39s; equipped with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts late in 1943 and with North American P-51 Mustangs in March 1945. The group helped to halt the Japanese advance in Papua and took part in the Allied offensive that recovered the rest of New Guinea, flying protective patrols over Port Moresby, escorting bombers and transports, attacking Japanese airfields and supply lines, and providing cover for Allied landings.

In 1944 the 35th began long-range missions against enemy airfields and installations in the southern Philippines, Halmahera, and Borneo, preparatory to the US invasion of the Philippines. Beginning in January 1945, operated in support of ground forces on Luzon. Also escorted bombers and completed some fighter sweeps to Formosa and China. Bombed and strafed railways and airfields in Kyūshū and Korea after moving to Okinawa in June 1945.

After the surrender of Japan, the group became part of Far East Air Forces occupation forces and trained, took part in maneuvers, and flew surveillance patrols over Honshū.

Korean War[edit]

Emblem of the 35th Tactical Group

The 35th entered combat in the Korean War in July 1950, flying F-80s and later F-51s. It operated from bases in Japan and both North and South Korea in support of UN ground forces, bombing and strafing enemy supply lines, troop concentrations, and communications. Transferring back to Japan in May 1951, it provided air defense for central Japan until late 1956 but was not operational, January–July 1954 and October 1956 – October 1957.

Between July 1963 and July 1965, the 35th Tactical Group assisted in training the Royal Thai Air Force and supported and exercised operational control over USAF units and detachments in Thailand assigned or attached to the 2d Air Division.

Between May 1993 and October 1994, it managed a fighter (F-15C) and rescue squadron (HH-60G) in Iceland under the 35th Wing. The group activated at Misawa AB, Japan on 1 October 1994, as part of the 35th Fighter Wing, replacing the 432d Fighter Wing and assuming its personnel and F-16C/D aircraft, the same day it inactivated in Iceland. It supported units of the Japanese Air Self Defense Force (JASDF) Northern Air Defense Force. In addition to providing air defense of northern Japan, the group deployed aircraft and personnel to Southwest Asia in support of Operations NORTHERN and SOUTHERN WATCH and the Global War on Terrorism 1997–2003.

Lineage[edit]

  • Established as 35 Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 22 December 1939
Activated on 1 February 1940
Redesignated: 35 Fighter Group on 15 May 1942
Redesignated: 35 Fighter-Interceptor Group on 20 January 1950
Inactivated on 1 October 1957
  • Consolidated (31 January 1984) with the 35 Tactical Group, which was constituted, and activated, on 19 June 1963.
Organized on 8 July 1963
Discontinued, and inactivated, on 8 July 1965
  • Redesignated 35 Operations Group on 9 April 1993
Activated on 31 May 1993
Inactivated on 1 October 1994
Activated on 1 October 1994.

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

See also[edit]

August 1950 77 squadron RAAF was assigned 35th Fighter Group for operations during the Korean War

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]