37th Air Division

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37th Air Division
USAF 37th Air Division Crest.jpg
Emblem of the 37th Air Division
Active 1951-1969
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Role Command and Control
Part of Air Defense Command

The 37th Air Division (37th AD) is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Air Defense Command, being stationed at Goose AFB, Labrador, Canada It was inactivated on 30 June 1970.

History[edit]

Strategic Air Command[edit]

Established under Strategic Air Command (SAC) in 1952 as an intermediate-level command and control organization at Lockbourne AFB, Ohio. Was responsible for strategic reconnaissance operations at Lockbourne and at Lake Charles AFB, Louisiana. Assigned wings operated RB-29 Superfortress very long range reconnaissance aircraft. Both wings deployed operational aircraft to Far East Air Forces in early 1952 for use in Korean War. Wings re-equipped with new RB-47 Stratojets. Inactivated in May 1952.

Air Defense Command[edit]

37th AD Air Defense Command AOR 1955-1959
37th AD Air Defense Command AOR 1966-1970

Re-activated on 8 September 1955 by Air Defense Command (ADC) at Truax Field, Wisconsin under Eastern Air Defense Force. Was responsible for the construction and development of several Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) Data Centers. SAGE centers developed were at Truax Field, Wisconsin (DC-07) and Combat Center (CC-02); Direction Center (DC-10) at Duluth AFS, Minnesota; and Direction Center (DC-14) at K.I. Sawyer AFB, Michigan. Its defense area included parts of Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Iowa and southern parts of Ontario, Canada as part of the Pinetree Line.

On 8 March 1957, the Chicago Air Defense Sector, along with DC-07 and was assigned to the Division. On 8 October, the Duluth Air Defense Sector, along with DC-10 was assigned. On 8 November, the Sault Sainte Marie Air Defense Sector was also activated along with DC-14. Inactivated on 1 April 1959 as part of an ADC reorganization, most assets reassigned to the senior ADC 30th Air Division (SAGE).

Re-activated by ADC a second time in April 1966, assuming the assets of inactivating Goose Air Defense Sector at Goose AFB, Labrador, Canada, including the Manual Control Center (MCC) at Goose. Assumed designation of 37th NORAD Region for stations and allied Canadian Forces assigned to NORAD air defense duties in Canada.

Was responsible for atmospheric defenses (interceptor and radar) for northeastern North America, including Greenland and Air Forces Iceland which was transferred from the inactivating Military Air Transport Service.

Inactivated June 1970 by ADCOM as part of draw-down of USAF air defense forces in Canada and budget reductions.

Lineage[edit]

  • Established as 37 Air Division, and organized, on 10 October 1951
Discontinued on 28 May 1952
  • Redesignated 37 Air Division (Defense) on 3 May 1955
Activated on 8 September 1955
Inactivated on 1 April 1959
  • Redesignated 37th NORAD Region/Air Division, and activated, on 20 January 1966
Organized on 1 April 1966, replacing Goose Air Defense Sector
Inactivated on 30 June 1970, remaining assets in Canada transferred to Canadian Forces.

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Components[edit]

Strategic Air Command[edit]

Detached for service in Japan (Korean War): 10 October 1951-c. 15 May 1952
Chennault AFB, Louisiana
Detached for service in Japan (Korean War): 10 October 1951 – 17 March 1952
Lockbourne AFB, Ohio

Air Defense Command[edit]

Air Force[edit]
Goose AFB, Labrador, Canada, 1 April 1966 – 31 December 1969
Sectors[edit]
Truax Field, Wisconsin, 8 March 1957 – 1 April 1959
Duluth Airport, Minnesota, 1 October-20 December 1957; 1 January-1 April 1959
K.I. Sawyer AFB, Michigan, 8 November 1958 – 1 April 1959.
Wings[edit]
O'Hare Air Reserve Station, Illinois, 1 March-1 July 1956
O'Hare Air Reserve Station, Illinois, 1 March-8 July 1956
Groups[edit]
Interceptor squadron[edit]
Goose AFB, Labrador, Canada, 1 April 1966 – 2 January 1967
Radar squadrons[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, by Lloyd H. Cornett and Mildred W. Johnson, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
  • Winkler, David F. (1997), Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program. Prepared for United States Air Force Headquarters Air Combat Command.
  • Aerospace Defense Command publication, The Interceptor, January 1979 (Volume 21, Number 1).
  • Air Force Historical Research Agency: 37th Air Division

External links[edit]