37th Air Division
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (December 2012)|
|37th Air Division|
Emblem of the 37th Air Division
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||Command and Control|
|Part of||Air Defense Command|
The 37th Air Division (37th AD) is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Air Defense Command, being stationed at Goose AFB, Labrador, Canada It was inactivated on 30 June 1970.
- 1 History
- 2 See also
- 3 References
Strategic Air Command
Established under Strategic Air Command (SAC) in 1952 as an intermediate-level command and control organization at Lockbourne AFB, Ohio. Was responsible for strategic reconnaissance operations at Lockbourne and at Lake Charles AFB, Louisiana. Assigned wings operated RB-29 Superfortress very long range reconnaissance aircraft. Both wings deployed operational aircraft to Far East Air Forces in early 1952 for use in Korean War. Wings re-equipped with new RB-47 Stratojets. Inactivated in May 1952.
Air Defense Command
Re-activated on 8 September 1955 by Air Defense Command (ADC) at Truax Field, Wisconsin under Eastern Air Defense Force. Was responsible for the construction and development of several Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) Data Centers. SAGE centers developed were at Truax Field, Wisconsin (DC-07) and Combat Center (CC-02); Direction Center (DC-10) at Duluth AFS, Minnesota; and Direction Center (DC-14) at K.I. Sawyer AFB, Michigan. Its defense area included parts of Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Iowa and southern parts of Ontario, Canada as part of the Pinetree Line.
On 8 March 1957, the Chicago Air Defense Sector, along with DC-07 and was assigned to the Division. On 8 October, the Duluth Air Defense Sector, along with DC-10 was assigned. On 8 November, the Sault Sainte Marie Air Defense Sector was also activated along with DC-14. Inactivated on 1 April 1959 as part of an ADC reorganization, most assets reassigned to the senior ADC 30th Air Division (SAGE).
Re-activated by ADC a second time in April 1966, assuming the assets of inactivating Goose Air Defense Sector at Goose AFB, Labrador, Canada, including the Manual Control Center (MCC) at Goose. Assumed designation of 37th NORAD Region for stations and allied Canadian Forces assigned to NORAD air defense duties in Canada.
Was responsible for atmospheric defenses (interceptor and radar) for northeastern North America, including Greenland and Air Forces Iceland which was transferred from the inactivating Military Air Transport Service.
Inactivated June 1970 by ADCOM as part of draw-down of USAF air defense forces in Canada and budget reductions.
- Established as 37 Air Division, and organized, on 10 October 1951
- Discontinued on 28 May 1952
- Redesignated 37 Air Division (Defense) on 3 May 1955
- Activated on 8 September 1955
- Inactivated on 1 April 1959
- Redesignated 37th NORAD Region/Air Division, and activated, on 20 January 1966
- Organized on 1 April 1966, replacing Goose Air Defense Sector
- Inactivated on 30 June 1970, remaining assets in Canada transferred to Canadian Forces.
- Second Air Force, 10 October 1951 – 28 May 1952
- Eastern Air Defense Force, 8 September 1955 – 1 April 1959
- Air Defense Command, 20 January 1966
- First Air Force, 1 April 1966
- Aerospace Defense Command (ADCOM), 1 December 1969 – 30 June 1970.
- Lockbourne AFB, Ohio, 10 October 1951 – 28 May 1952
- Truax Field, Wisconsin, 8 September 1955 – 1 April 1959
- Goose AFB, Canada, 1 April 1966 – 30 June 1970.
Strategic Air Command
- 68th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing: 10 October 1951 – 28 May 1952
- 91st Strategic Reconnaissance Wing: 10 October 1951 – 28 May 1952
Air Defense Command
- Goose AFB, Labrador, Canada, 1 April 1966 – 31 December 1969
- Goose AFB, Labrador, Canada, 1 April 1966 – 2 January 1967
- List of United States Air Force air divisions
- List of USAF Aerospace Defense Command General Surveillance Radar Stations
- Aerospace Defense Command Fighter Squadrons
- A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, by Lloyd H. Cornett and Mildred W. Johnson, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
- Winkler, David F. (1997), Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program. Prepared for United States Air Force Headquarters Air Combat Command.
- Aerospace Defense Command publication, The Interceptor, January 1979 (Volume 21, Number 1).
- Air Force Historical Research Agency: 37th Air Division