381 series

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381 series
381 series image
381 series on Mahoroba service, May 2010
In service 1973–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo
Replaced 183 series
Refurbishment 1997–2011 (JR West)
Number built 277 vehicles
Number in service 181 vehicles (as of 1 April 2011)
Number preserved 2 vehicles
Operator JNR (1973–1987)
JR Central (1987–2008)
JR West (1987–Present)
Depot(s) Hineno, Goto, Fukuchiyama
Line(s) served Tōkaidō Main Line, Osaka Loop Line, Hanwa Line, Kisei Main Line, Sanyō Main Line, Hakubi Line, Sanin Main Line, Fukuchiyama Line, Kitakinki Tango Railway Miyafuku Line, Kitakinki Tango Railway Miyazu Line
Car body construction Aluminium
Maximum speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC
Current collection method Overhead wire
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 381 series (381系?) is a tilting DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1973 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West), and formerly also operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan.[1]


JR Central[edit]

JR West[edit]

Livery variations[edit]


The 381 series EMU was developed from the experimental 591 series 3-car articulated tilting EMU tested from 1970.[4]

The 381 series entered revenue service from 10 July 1973 on the Shinano limited express between Nagoya and Nagano.[4]

Preserved examples[edit]

Preserved KuHa 381-1 at the SCMaglev and Railway Park, April 2011
  • KuHa 381-1: (built 1973 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries) SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya[5]
  • KuRo 381-11: (built 1974 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries) SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya[5]


  1. ^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ "新型車両(287 系)追加投入の詳細" [Details of further introduction of new (287 series) trains] (pdf). JR West news release (in Japanese). West Japan Railway Company. 28 April 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "JR西日本 381系福知山車FE編成が営業運転開始" [JR West: Fukichiyama-based 381 series FE sets enter service]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 41 (340): p.75. August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. pp. 12–19. OCLC 170056962. 
  5. ^ a b "「リニア・鉄道館」ファーストガイド" ["SCMaglev and Railway Park" First Guide]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 40 (324): p.20–33. April 2011.