386th Air Expeditionary Wing
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|386th Air Expeditionary Wing|
386th Air Expeditionary Wing emblem
|Active||25 November 1942 – 7 August 1945
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||United States Air Forces Central|
|Garrison/HQ||Ali Al Salem Air Base, Kuwait, Southwest Asia|
|Col. John M. Klein|
|Joe W. Kelly|
The 386th Air Expeditionary Wing (386 AEW) is a provisional United States Air Force unit assigned to United States Air Forces Central. As a provisional unit, it may be activated or inactivated at any time. It is currently stationed at Ali Al Salem Air Base, Kuwait in Southwest Asia. During World War II, the group's predecessor unit, the 386th Bombardment Group (Medium) was a B-26 Marauder bombardment group assigned to the Eighth and later Ninth Air Force. During the Battle of Normandy, it supported Allied forces at Caen, and participated in the massive blows against the enemy at Saint-Lô on 25 July 1944. Knocked out targets to help clear the Falaise pocket of German forces in August 1944 and hit strong points at Brest during September.
The 386th Air Expeditionary Wing has a diverse mission which canvases the CENTCOM AOR. The 386th AEW is the primary aerial hub for Operation Iraqi Freedom and provides airlift support for Operation Enduring Freedom and the Horn of Africa. The wing comprises the 386th Expeditionary Maintenance, Mission Support, Medical and Operations Groups and the 586th Expeditionary Mission Support Group.
The 386th AEW is composed of Airmen from the National Guard, Air Force Reserve and active duty. They provide security at the largest Theater Internment Facility in Kuwait, security for convoys, and serve as drivers for convoys.
The wing is also home to one of two contingency aeromedical staging facilities (CASF) in the theater. The CASF serves as a gateway for patients airlifted to Germany or the United States for further medical treatment.
- 386th Expeditionary Maintenance Group
- 386th Expeditionary Medical Group
- 386th Expeditionary Operations Group
- 386th Expeditionary Mission Support Group
- 387th Air Expeditionary Group
World War II
The unit was constituted as the 386th Bombardment Group (Medium) on 25 November 1942, and was activated on 1 December 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. The group was equipped with the Martin B-26 Marauder medium bomber. Its operational squadrons were the 552d (RG), 553d (AN), 554th (RU) and 555th (YA)
After training at several airfields in the United States, the group was deployed to Europe in June 1943 and was assigned initially to the 3rd Bombardment Wing of the Eighth Air Force at RAF Snetterton Heath, England. The group remained at Snetterton Heath only a few days, being transferred to RAF Boxted in north Essex on 10 June 1943 where the Martin B-26 Marauder groups were being consolidated for operations and retrained in medium altitude bombing after low level tactics had produced disastrous losses. The group flew its first mission on 30 July, with operations concentrating on airfields but also attacked marshalling yards and gun positions along the channel coast.
The 386th was again transferred to RAF Great Dunmow on 24 September 1943. Missions of the 386th concentrated on airfields but also bombed marshalling yards and gun positions during the first months of combat. In common with all B-26 Marauder units of the Eighth Air Force, the 386th was transferred to Ninth Air Force on 16 October 1943.
Tactical operations were carried out against V-weapon sites along the coast of France in the winter of 1943–1944, and bombed airfields in the Netherlands and Belgium during Big Week, 20–25 February 1944.
Great Dunmow was the first airfield visited by General Eisenhower in his USAAF airfield tour on Tuesday, 11 April 1944, and he arrived in time to see thirty-nine Ninth Air Force Marauders take off at twenty second intervals for a mission to attack the marshalling yards in Charleroi Belgium.
The 386th hammered gun positions, and airfields preceding the invasion of Normandy and made numerous assaults on bridges of the Seinelate in May. Struck coastal batteries on D-Day and hit bridges, supply and fuel stores, gun positions, and defended areas during the remainder of the Battle of Normandy. Supported Allied forces at Caen, and participated in the massive blows against the enemy at Saint-Lô on 25 July 1944. Knocked out targets to help clear the Falaise pocket of German forces in August 1944 and hit strong points at Brest during September.
In July 1944, the 553d Bomb Squadron was selected to perform operational testing on the new Douglas A-26 Invader. However due to technical troubles with the aircraft, the type was withdrawn in September. Several damaged aircraft were moved to one side of the airfield, being abandoned along with wrecks of several Marauders and a Boeing B-17 which crash-landed at the airfield.
On 2 October 1944, the 386th Bomb Group moved to Beaumont-sur-Oise (A-60) Airfield, in Normandy France. On the continent, the 386th BG used the following Advanced Landing Grounds:
- A-60 Beaumont-sur-Oise France 2 October 1944
- A-92 St Trond Belgium 9 April – July 1945
The 386th Troop Carrier Wing, Medium was established on 23 March 1953, but was never made active nor assigned any aircraft or mission.
The 386th Fighter-Bomber Group was activated on 8 April 1956 at Bunker Hill AFB, Indiana as part of the 323d Fighter-Bomber Wing. It was assigned to Tactical Air Command The group had three squadrons, 552d, 553d and 554th. Initially training with North American F-86Fs, these were quickly upgraded to the North American F-86H Sabre and then to the North American F-100A to become proficient in tactical air operations.
The wing's aircraft wore a band on the tail, and around the nose edged with small black checkers.
In 1955, Strategic Air Command (SAC) began stationing units at the base, and the Eighth Air Force claimed jurisdiction of Bunker Hill AFB in September 1957. With the turnover of the base to SAC, the 323d was phased down and replaced by the SAC 401st Air Base Group on 1 September 1957.
War in Iraq
In 1998, in preparation for Operation Desert Fox, the 9th Air Expeditionary Group stood up and in 2001 was redesignated as the 386th Air Expeditionary Group. The 386th Air Expeditionary Wing was activated as part of the War on Terrorism at as a result of the inactivation of the 363d Air Expeditionary Wing.
This unit was literally at the forefront of Operation Southern Watch. For several years following the Persian Gulf War, the base was a sleepy radar site, manned by just a handful of Air Force people monitoring air traffic in the southern no-fly zone. The 74th Air Control Squadron deployed from August to November 1995 to set up and operate a radar site—the only source of a 24-hour air picture in-theater – as part of Vigilant Sentinel. Exactly one year later, 74th ACS personnel deployed once again, this time for 120 days in support of Southern Watch and Operation Desert Strike.
After tensions in the region flared in late 1997, coalition forces started massing at the base. When the buildup renewed in November 1998, prior to Operation Desert Fox, the base doubled in size to a population of 1,500.
The 9th Air Expeditionary Group provided air surveillance and control through that same radar site, while a fleet of C-130 Hercules provide theater airlift and, if necessary, combat search and rescue and aeromedical evacuation for Operation Southern Watch forces. The 9th AEG brought all those functions under one umbrella. Life on The Rock was austere, even by the standards of Southwest Asia's deployed locations. Many Air Force people at other Southern Watch bases lived and worked in permanent buildings but The Rock was almost entirely a tent city, with very few actual buildings. Most "buildings" were Quonset-shaped, foldable general purpose structures.
During the summer of 2001, Airmen from all over the world were called to participate in Operation Southern Watch's AEF-6, also called the 386th Air Expeditionary Group. From the late spring to early fall, the active duty Airmen were joined by members of the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve. Although from different divisions of the same service, they personified the "seamless air force" concept.
Air Expeditionary Force Eight came to a hot start under the desert sun when members of the 729th Air Control Squadron from Hill AFB, Utah, arrived in August 2001. There was a two-thirds changeover of base personnel due to AEF Eight rotations. Approximately one-third of the members assigned to the 729th ACS deployed to here assuming duties as the 386th Expeditionary Air Control Squadron for the next 90 days.
The 386th EACS began focused preparations for the deployment about six months earlier. Their wartime mission was to deploy to potentially austere environments, so the base here was not much of a departure. The 386th EACS also conducted field training in the desert environment of Western Utah to practice chemical warfare, security and other combat skills.
In 2000, the first hardened structures were built here. Hardened structures continue to be built on The Rock.
- Established as 386th Bombardment Group (Medium) on 25 November 1942
- Activated on 1 December 1942
- Redesignated: 386th Bombardment Group, Medium, on 20 August 1943
- Redesignated: 386th Bombardment Group, Light, on 23 June 1945
- Inactivated on 7 November 1945
- Redesignated 386th Fighter-Bomber Group on 31 October 1955
- Activated on 8 April 1956
- Inactivated on 8 July 1957
- Redesignated 386th Tactical Fighter Group on 31 July 1985 (Remained inactive)
- Redesignated 386th Air Expeditionary Group, and converted to provisional status, on 25 July 2000
- III Bomber Command, 1 December 1942
- Eighth Air Force, c. 2 June 1943
- 3d Bombardment Wing, 4 June 1943
- IX Bomber Command, 16 October 1943
- 98th Combat Bombardment (later, 98th Bombardment) Wing, 5 December 1943
- First Air Force, August-7 November 1945
- Ninth Air Force, 8 April 1956 – 8 July 1957
- Air Combat Command to activate or inactivate any time after 25 July 2000
- 552d Bombardment (later Fighter-Bomber) Squadron (RG), 1 December 1942 – 7 November 1945; 8 April 1956-8 July 1957
- 553d Bombardment (later Fighter-Bomber) Squadron (AN), 1 December 1942 – 7 November 1945; 8 April 1956-8 July 1957
- 554th Bombardment (later Fighter-Bomber) Squadron (RU), 1 December 1942 – 7 November 1945; 8 April 1956-8 July 1957
- 555th Bombardment Squadron (YA), 1 December 1942 – 7 November 1945
- 586th Expeditionary Mission Support [later Air Expeditionary] Group, September 2005 - 17 June 2010
- 586th Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron, March 2005 - December 2008
- 886th Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron, ? - May 2008
- 887th Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron, ? - December 2009
- 586th Expeditionary Support Squadron, ? - 2010
Major Aircraft Flown
- Martin B-26 Marauder, 1942–1945
- North American F-86F/H Sabre, 1956–1957
- North American F-100 Super Sabre, 1957
- 2003 – January – GR-4, C-130E, RQ-1B, RC-12, MQ-1
- 2003 – December – C-130H, C130E, C-12, UC-35, C-23
- 2004 – April – C-130H, C-12, UC-25, C-23
- 2004 – June–Present – C-130E, C-130H, EC-130
- Freeman, Roger A. Airfields of the Eighth: Then and Now. After the Battle, 1978. ISBN 0-900913-09-6.
- Freeman, Roger A. The Mighty Eighth: The Colour Record. Cassell & Co., 1991. ISBN 0-304-35708-1.
- Freeman, Roger A. The Ninth Air Force in Colour: UK and the Continent-World War Two. After the Battle, 1996. ISBN 1-85409-272-3.
- Freeman, Roger A. UK Airfields of the Ninth: Then and Now. After the Battle, 1994. ISBN 0-900913-80-0.
- Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories, 1947–1977. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1984. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Uncredited. The History of a Bombing Outfit: The 386th Bomb Group. St. Truiden, Belgium: De Geneffe, 1945.
- Young, Barnett (ed.) The Story of the Crusaders: The 386th Bomb Group (M) in World War II. Fort Myers, Florida: 386th Bomb Group, Inc., 1988 (2nd Edition. Ft. Myers, Florida: 386th Bomb Group Association, 1991).
- "US Air Force Air Power Directory" World Airpower Journal. Aerospace Publishing: London, 1992. ISBN 1-880588-01-3.
- Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.