394 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC4th century BC3rd century BC
Decades: 420s BC  410s BC  400s BC  – 390s BC –  380s BC  370s BC  360s BC
Years: 397 BC 396 BC 395 BC394 BC393 BC 392 BC 391 BC
394 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 394 BC
Ab urbe condita 360
Ancient Egypt era XXIX dynasty, 5
- Pharaoh Nepherites I, 5
Ancient Greek era 96th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4357
Bengali calendar −986
Berber calendar 557
Buddhist calendar 151
Burmese calendar −1031
Byzantine calendar 5115–5116
Chinese calendar 丙戌(Fire Dog)
2303 or 2243
    — to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
2304 or 2244
Coptic calendar −677 – −676
Discordian calendar 773
Ethiopian calendar −401 – −400
Hebrew calendar 3367–3368
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −337 – −336
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2708–2709
Holocene calendar 9607
Iranian calendar 1015 BP – 1014 BP
Islamic calendar 1046 BH – 1045 BH
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1940
Minguo calendar 2305 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 149–150

Year 394 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Camillus, Poplicola, Medullinus, Albinus, Mamercinus and Scipio (or, less frequently, year 360 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 394 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The allies, Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Argos, gather a large army at Corinth. A sizable army is sent out from Sparta to challenge this force. The two sides meet on the dry bed of the Nemea River, in Corinthian territory. In the resultant Battle of Nemea, the Spartans win a major victory over the allies.
  • The Athenian general Conon, the Persian satrap Pharnabazus and Evagoras, King of Salamis, win an overwhelming naval victory over the Spartans under Peisander in the Battle of Cnidus (near Rhodes). Following this victory, Conon and Pharnabazus sail along the coast of Ionia, expelling Spartan governors and garrisons from the cities, although they fail to reduce the Spartan bases at Abydos and Sestos. With the Spartan bid for building an empire crumbling, Persia gains mastery of the Aegean.
  • The two sides' armies meet each other again at Coronea, in Theban territory in the Battle of Coronea. Once more, the Spartans under King Agesilaus II are successful in battle. After this victory, Agesilaus sails with his army across the Gulf of Corinth and returns to Sparta.
  • The temple of Athena Alea in Tegea is burned down, but is however soon rebuilt to the designs of Scopas of Paros.