39th New Zealand Parliament

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The 39th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand which began with the general election held on 25 November 1978, and finished with the general election held on 28 November 1981. The dates of the Muldoon Ministry were from 13 December 1978 to 11 December 1981.

The Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon of the National Party, led the Third National Government from 1975 to 1984.

Initial composition of the 39th Parliament[edit]

The tables below shows the results of the 1978 general election:

Key

 National    Labour    Social Credit  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1978
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Albany (new electorate) Don McKinnon
Ashburton (new electorate) Rob Talbot
Auckland Central Richard Prebble (N/A)
Avon Mary Batchelor (N/A)
Awarua Rex Austin (N/A)
Bay of Islands (new electorate) Neill Austin
Birkenhead Jim McLay (N/A)
Christchurch Central Bruce Barclay (N/A)
Clutha Peter Gordon Robin Gray (N/A)
Dunedin Central Brian MacDonell (N/A)
Dunedin North Richard Walls Stan Rodger (N/A)
East Cape (new electorate) Duncan MacIntyre
East Coast Bays Frank Gill (N/A)
Eastern Hutt (new electorate) Trevor Young
Eden Aussie Malcolm (N/A)
Fendalton (new electorate) Eric Holland
Gisborne Bob Bell (N/A)
Hamilton East Ian Shearer (N/A)
Hamilton West Mike Minogue (N/A)
Hastings Robert Fenton David Butcher (N/A)
Hauraki (new electorate) Leo Schultz 2,019 G O Miller
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison (N/A)
Helensville (new electorate) Dail Jones 1,199 Jack Elder
Heretaunga Ron Bailey (N/A)
Horowhenua (new electorate) Geoffrey Thompson
Hunua (new electorate) Winston Peters 192 Malcolm Douglas[nb 1]
Invercargill Norman Jones 256 Aubrey Begg
Island Bay Gerald O'Brien Frank O'Flynn 650 W C Nathan [nb 2] (National)
Kaimai (new electorate) Bruce Townshend
Kaipara (new electorate) Peter Wilkinson
Kapiti Barry Brill (N/A)
King Country Jim Bolger (N/A)
Lyttelton Ann Hercus (N/A)
Manawatu Allan McCready Michael Cox 2,913 Trevor de Cleene (Labour)
Mangere David Lange
Manurewa Merv Wellington Roger Douglas (N/A)
Marlborough Edward Latter Doug Kidd (N/A)
Matamata (new electorate) Jack Luxton
Miramar Bill Young (N/A)
Mt Albert Warren Freer (N/A)
Napier Gordon Christie (N/A)
Nelson Mel Courtney
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt (N/A)
New Plymouth Tony Friedlander (N/A)
North Shore George Gair (N/A)
Onehunga Frank Rogers (N/A)
Ohariu (new electorate) Hugh Templeton
Otago (new electorate) Warren Cooper
Otahuhu Bob Tizard (N/A)
Pahiatua John Falloon (N/A)
Pakuranga Gavin Downie Pat Hunt 2,111 Mrs E J Smith (Labour)
Palmerston North John Lithgow Joe Walding John Lithgow (National)
Papakura (new electorate) Merv Wellington 3,622 Geoff Braybrooke
Papanui Bert Walker Mike Moore (N/A)
Papatoetoe (new electorate) Eddie Isbey 1,511 C Bidois
Pencarrow (new electorate) Fraser Colman
Porirua Gerard Wall (N/A)
Rangiora Derek Quigley (N/A)
Rangiriri (new electorate) Bill Birch
Rangitikei Bruce Beetham (N/A)
Remuera Allan Highet (N/A)
Roskill Arthur Faulkner (N/A)
Rotorua Harry Lapwood Paul East (N/A)
St Albans Roger Drayton David Caygill (N/A)
St Kilda William Fraser (N/A)
Selwyn (new electorate) Colin McLachlan
South Canterbury Rob Talbot (N/A)
Sydenham John Kirk (N/A)
Tamaki Robert Muldoon (N/A)
Taranaki (new electorate) David Thomson
Tarawera (new electorate) Ian Mclean
Tasman Bill Rowling (N/A)
Taupo Ray La Varis Jack Ridley 609 Mrs L A Miller (National)
Tauranga Keith Allen (N/A)
Te Atatu Michael Bassett
Timaru Basil Arthur (N/A)
Waikato Lance Adams-Schneider (N/A)
Waipa (new electorate) Marilyn Waring
Wairarapa Ben Couch 837 A E Levett (Labour)
Waitakere Martyn Finlay Ralph Maxwell (N/A)
Waitaki (new electorate) Jonathan Elworthy
Waitotara (new electorate) Venn Young
Wallace Brian Talboys (N/A)
Wanganui Russell Marshall (N/A)
Wellington Central (new electorate) Ken Comber
West Coast Paddy Blanchfield Kerry Burke (N/A)
Western Hutt Brian Lambert John Terris (N/A)
Whangarei John Elliott (N/A)
Yaldhurst Mick Connelly 1,638 D G Watson (National)
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Paraone Reweti 7,400 M Searancke (National)
Northern Maori Matiu Rata 4,844 H Te K Toia (Social Credit)
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 9,180 C P Maitai (National)
Western Maori Koro Wētere 9,719 G H Piherria (Social Credit)

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ The election of Malcolm Douglas in Hunua was overturned by the Electoral Court on 24 May 1979
  2. ^ Gerald O'Brien came third standing as Independent Labour Island Bay
Name Party Electorate
Adams-Schneider, Lance National Waikato
Allen, Keith National Tauranga
Austin, Neill National Bay of Islands
Austin, Rex National Awarua
Bailey, Ron Labour Heretaunga
Barclay, Bruce Labour Christchurch Central
Bassett, Michael Labour Te Atatu
Batchelor, Mary Labour Avon
Bell, Bob National Gisborne
Birch, Bill National Rangiriri
Bolger, Jim National King Country
Brill, Barry National Kapiti
Butcher, David Labour Hastings
Christie, Gordon Labour Napier
Colman, Fraser Labour Pencarrow
Comber, Ken National Wellington Central
Connelly, Mick Labour Yaldhurst
Cooper, Warren National Otago
Couch, Ben National Wairarapa
Courtney, Mel Labour Nelson
Douglas, Roger Labour Manurewa
East, Paul National Rotorua
Elliot, John National Whangarei
Elworthy, Jonathan National Waitaki
Falloon, John National Pahiatua
Faulkner, Arthur Labour Roskill
Fraser, Bill Labour St Kilda
Freer, Warren Labour Mount Albert
Friedlander, Tony National New Plymouth
Gair, George National North Shore
Gill, Frank National East Coast Bays
Harrison, Richard National Hawkes Bay
Hercus, Ann Labour Lyttelton
Highet, Allan National Remuera
Holland, Eric National Fendalton
Hunt, Jonathan Labour New Lynn
Hunt, Pat National Pakuranga
Isbey, Eddie Labour Papatoetoe
Jones, Dail National Helensville
Jones, Norm National Invercargill
Kidd, Doug National Marlborough
Kirk, John Labour Sydenham
Lange, David Labour Mangere
Luxton, John National Matamata
Gray, Robin National Clutha
MacDonell, Brian Labour Dunedin Central
MacIntyre, Duncan National East Cape
Marshall, Russell Labour Wanganui
Maxwell, Ralph Labour Waitakere
McLachlan, Colin National Selwyn
McLay, Jim National Birkenhead
McLean, Ian National Tarawera
Minogue, Mike National Hamilton West
Moore, Mike Labour Papanui
Muldoon, Robert National Tamaki
Peters, Winston National Hunua
Quigley, Derek National Rangiora
Ridley, Jack Labour Taupo
Rodger, Stan Labour Dunedin North
Rogers, Frank Labour Onehunga
Rowling, Bill Labour Tasman
Schultz, Leo National Hauraki
Shearer, Ian National Hamilton East
Talbot, Rob National Ashburton
Talboys, Brian National Wallace
Templeton, Hugh National Ohariu
Terris, John Labour Western Hutt
Thompson, Geoff National Horowhenua
Thomson, David National Taranaki
Tizard, Bob Labour Otahuhu
Townshend, Bruce National Kaimai
Walding, Joe Labour Palmerston North
Wall, Gerard Labour Porirua
Waring, Marilyn National Waipa
Wellington, Merv National Papakura
Wilkinson, Peter National Kaipara
Young, Bill National Miramar
Young, Trevor Labour Eastern Hutt
Young, Venn National Waitotara

By-elections during 39th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 39th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Christchurch Central 1979 18 August Bruce Barclay Death Geoffrey Palmer
Northern Maori 1980 7 June Matiu Rata Resignation Bruce Gregory
Onehunga 1980 7 June Frank Rogers Death Fred Gerbic
East Coast Bays 1980 6 September Frank Gill Appointed as Ambassador to US Gary Knapp

Summary of changes during term[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.