In molecular biology, the 3H domain is a protein domain named after its three highly conservedhistidine residues. The 3H domain appears to be a small molecule-binding domain, based on its occurrence with other domains. Several proteins carrying this domain are transcriptional regulators from the biotin repressor family. The transcription regulator TM1602 from Thermotoga maritima is a DNA-binding protein thought to belong to a family of de novo NAD synthesis pathway regulators. TM1602 has an N-terminal DNA-binding domain and a C-terminal 3H regulatory domain. The N-terminal domain appears to bind to the NAD promoter region and repress the de novo NAD biosynthesis operon, while the C-terminal 3H domain may bind to nicotinamide, nicotinic acid, or other substrate/products. The 3H domain has a 2-layer alpha/beta sandwich fold.
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