3 (New York City Subway service)

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For the former Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation 3 service, see T (New York City Subway service).
Seventh Avenue Express
3 symbol
3 map
Northern end Harlem – 148th Street
Southern end New Lots Avenue (all except nights)
Times Square – 42nd Street (late nights)
Stations 34
Rolling stock R62
Depot Livonia Yard

The 3 Seventh Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route bullet is colored tomato red since it uses the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line through most of Manhattan.[1] The 3 operates between 148th Street in Harlem, Manhattan and New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn, making express stops in Manhattan and all stops in Brooklyn, except nights when it short turns at Times Square – 42nd Street.

Service history[edit]

R12 IRT 3.gif
R12 thru R36 end rollsign
3 (1967-1979 New York City Subway bullet).svg
1967–1979 bullet
A 3 train bound for Manhattan enters the Sutter Avenue station.

On November 23, 1904, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line opened between 96th Street and 145th Street. 3 trains ran between 145th Street and City Hall, making all stops.[2]

On July 1, 1918, the entire IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line was completed. 3 trains were rerouted south of 42nd Street from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line to this new line. They now made all stops to South Ferry.[2]

Beginning January 4, 1955, 3 trains ran express in Manhattan rush hours and began running to Flatbush Avenue; a few layups and put-ins ran to New Lots.[2]

On February 6, 1959, trains made express stops in Manhattan as part of the "West Side Improvement" and ran to Flatbush Avenue at all times except late nights.[2]

Beginning April 8, 1960, 3 trains ran to New Lots at all times except nights.[2]

Beginning April 18, 1965, 3 service ran to Flatbush again.[2]

On May 13, 1968, trains were extended to the newly completed 148th Street – Lenox Terminal. During late nights and early Sunday mornings, trains ran only as a shuttle between 148th and 135th Streets until 1995, when the shuttle was discontinued (except Sunday mornings) and shuttle buses provided service to Lenox Terminal.[2]

In May 23, 1976 the current current practice of starting Sunday service late (9 or 10 AM) began.[2]

Beginning July 10, 1983, the 2 & 3 trains swapped Brooklyn Terminals, and the 3 was permanently stationed at New Lots Avenue so it could access the Livonia Yard and shops.[2]

From March to October 1998, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line was rehabilitated. Most 3 service was rerouted to 137th Street – City College.

After September 11, 2001, the 3 service became a local in Manhattan. After a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed on September 19, 2001. It ran in Manhattan as an express between Harlem – 148th Street and 14th Street and was replaced by 1 service in Brooklyn. It returned to New Lots Avenue on September 15, 2002.[2]

On July 27, 2008, late night 3 service was restored, operating as an express between 148th Street and Times Square – 42nd Street.[3][4][2]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the 3 service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
all ex.
nights
late
nights
IRT Lenox Avenue Line (full line) Harlem – 148th Street Central Park North – 110th Street all    
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line 96th Street Times Square – 42nd Street express
34th Street – Penn Station Chambers Street  
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line,
Brooklyn Branch
Park Place Borough Hall all
IRT Eastern Parkway Line (full line) Hoyt Street Crown Heights – Utica Avenue local
IRT New Lots Line (full line) Sutter Avenue – Rutland Road New Lots Avenue all

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
3 service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Notes
Manhattan
Stops all times Harlem – 148th Street
Stops all times 145th Street
  • Passengers must be in the first five cars to exit the station.
  • Boarding is restricted to the first five cars of the train.
Stops all times 135th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
Stops all times 125th Street 2 all times M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 116th Street 2 all times
Stops all times Central Park North – 110th Street 2 all times
Stops all times 96th Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times
Stops all times 72nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times
Stops all times Times Square – 42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops all times except late nights 34th Street – Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times except late nights 14th Street 1 all times 2 all times
F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
PATH at 14th Street
Stops all times except late nights Chambers Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Park Place 2 all times
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops all times except late nights Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
4 all times 5 all except late nights (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J weekdays and weekday late nights Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway
Stops all times except late nights Wall Street 2 all times
Brooklyn
Stops all times except late nights Clark Street 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Borough Hall Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times
4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
N late nights R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights Hoyt Street 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Nevins Street 2 all times 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
D all times N all times R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops all times except late nights Bergen Street 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Grand Army Plaza 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum 2 all times
Stops all times except late nights Franklin Avenue 2 all times 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights Nostrand Avenue 2 special rush hour trips B44 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights Kingston Avenue 2 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Crown Heights – Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 2 special rush hour trips 4 all times 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Sutter Avenue – Rutland Road 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Stops all times except late nights Saratoga Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Rockaway Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Junius Street 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Pennsylvania Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights Van Siclen Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips
Stops all times except late nights New Lots Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 4 special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport

References[edit]

External links[edit]