3 (New York City Subway service)
|Seventh Avenue Express|
|Northern end||Harlem – 148th Street|
|Southern end||New Lots Avenue (all except nights)
Times Square – 42nd Street (late nights)
The 3 Seventh Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored tomato red since it uses the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line through most of Manhattan. The 3 operates between 148th Street in Harlem, Manhattan and New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn, making express stops in Manhattan and all stops in Brooklyn, except nights when it short turns at Times Square – 42nd Street.
On July 1, 1918, the entire IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line was completed. 3 trains were rerouted south of 42nd Street from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line to this new line. They now made all stops to South Ferry.
Beginning January 4, 1955, 3 trains ran express in Manhattan rush hours and began running to Flatbush Avenue; a few layups and put-ins ran to New Lots.
On February 6, 1959, trains made express stops in Manhattan as part of the "West Side Improvement" and ran to Flatbush Avenue at all times except late nights.
Beginning April 8, 1960, 3 trains ran to New Lots at all times except nights.
Beginning April 18, 1965, 3 service ran to Flatbush again.
On May 13, 1968, trains were extended to the newly completed 148th Street – Lenox Terminal. During late nights and early Sunday mornings, trains ran only as a shuttle between 148th and 135th Streets until 1995, when the shuttle was discontinued (except Sunday mornings) and shuttle buses provided service to Lenox Terminal.
In May 23, 1976 the current current practice of starting Sunday service late (9 or 10 AM) began.
After September 11, 2001, the 3 service became a local in Manhattan. After a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed on September 19, 2001. It ran in Manhattan as an express between Harlem – 148th Street and 14th Street and was replaced by 1 service in Brooklyn. It returned to New Lots Avenue on September 15, 2002.
The following table shows the lines used by the 3 service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|IRT Lenox Avenue Line (full line)||Harlem – 148th Street||Central Park North – 110th Street||all|
|IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line||96th Street||Times Square – 42nd Street||express|
|34th Street – Penn Station||Chambers Street|
|IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line,
|Park Place||Borough Hall||all|
|IRT Eastern Parkway Line (full line)||Hoyt Street||Crown Heights – Utica Avenue||local|
|IRT New Lots Line (full line)||Sutter Avenue – Rutland Road||New Lots Avenue||all|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2008-07-26.
- Neuman, William (2008-06-10). "Subway Service Increase to Be Less Than Hoped". The New York Times..
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 3 (New York City Subway service).|
- MTA NYC Transit – 3 Seventh Avenue Express
- "3 Subway Timetable, Effective December 7, 2014". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-01-02.