3d Armored Cavalry Squadron (South Vietnam)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
3rd Armored Cavalry Squadron
Active 1954 - 1975
Country South Vietnam South Vietnam
Branch Army of the Republic of Vietnam
Part of II Corps
Garrison/HQ Pleiku
Engagements

Vietnam War

Decorations Presidential Unit Citation (United States)
Map depicting the military regions of South Vietnam including II Corps where the 3d Armored Cav served.


The 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron (Vietnamese: Thiết Đoàn 3 Thiết giáp) a battalion-sized unit of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the South Vietnamese army. It was part of II Corps that oversaw the twelve provinces of the central highlands; corps headquarters being in the mountain town of Pleiku. The 3d Armored Cav was organized on January 1, 1954.[1]

In 1971, the Presidential Unit Citation of the United States was awarded to the 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron and attached U.S. Advisor/Liaison Personnel (MACV) for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy during the period January 1, 1968 to September 30, 1968 in Pleiku and Binh Dinh Provinces.[2] This makes the squadron one of only a few non-U.S. military units to receive the highest U.S. military honor awarded at the unit level.

Presidential Unit Citation[edit]

U.S. advisor (probably a MACV officer) confers with an ARVN 3rd Cav commander in front of an M113 APC.

DA General Order No. 24, 27 April 1971 [2]

THE PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION (ARMY)
FOR EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM
TO THE 3D ARMORDED CAVALRY SQUADRON
ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
CONSISTING OF SQUADRON HEADQUARTERS
AND SERVICE TROOP AND
1ST, 3D AND 4TH TROOPS
AND U.S. ADVISOR/LIAISON PERSONNEL

The 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron distinguished itself by extraordinary heroism in military operations against hostile ground forces during the period 1 January 1968 to 30 September 1968. The Squadron engaged a Viet Cong battalion near the city of Pleiku during the Tet Offensive. Utilizing an imposing array of weapons, the enemy fought tenaciously in an attempt to occupy the city of Pleiku. The Squadron, by steadfast resolve and against countless odds, annihilated the enemy force. This lifted the siege of the city of Pleiku, and the 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron was able to resume its normal mission of securing the U.S. 4th Division logistical lifeline between Pleiku and Kontum. The enemy then committed large forces in an effort to close a single existing supply route. The 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron engaged a most determined enemy to relieve the pressure of being isolated. In each encounter, the South Vietnamese cavalrymen exhibited brilliant tactics under harrowing circumstances and inflicted prohibitive casualties on a numerically superior force. Elements of the Squadron spearheaded direct strikes against the 18th North Vietnamese Army regiment in other major engagements in Binh Dinh Province and the city of Phu My. The resulting enemy casualties together with the destruction of residual weapon supplies forced the North Vietnamese to flee the field of battle. Through their unyielding tenacity, imaginative tactics, and fierce determination the officers and men of the 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron achieved victory against insurmountable odds. Their demonstrated professionalism and extraordinary heroism under hazardous and adverse conditions reflect the utmost credit on them and the Army of the Republic of Vietnam.

Specific Actions[edit]

February 1, 1968 (during the Tet Offensive)
The ARVN 3rd Cavalry Squadron fought a pitched battle with the Liberation Front’s H-15 Local Force Battalion in or near Pleiku.[3]

August 1968
Elements of the 3rd ARVN Cavalry, along with a reaction platoon from the 2/1st Cav, OPCONed to the 4th Inf, foiled an attempted NVA ambush, killing 31 enemy. The following day the soldiers found 10 more bodies bringing the toll to 41 enemy killed. In the third day of enemy harassment of convoys along Highway 14 in Kontum Province, an estimated force of two NVA companies attacked a 4th Div convoy 14 miles south of Kontum with mortar, recoilless rifle, small arms, and rocket and machinegun fire. Armored cars from the 4th MP Company immediately returned the fire. At the outbreak of the attack, tanks and armored cavalry assault vehicles of the 3rd ARVN Cavalry and the 2/1st Cav, which had been deployed along the highway in anticipation of possible contact, began to pour heavy fire into the enemy positions. Under the onslaught of allied armor the enemy broke contact, leaving 41 killed behind.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Organized on January 1, 1954". Archived from the original on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  2. ^ a b "Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for extraordinary heroism". Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  3. ^ "ARVN 3rd Cavalry Squadron fought a pitched battle". Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  4. ^ "3rd ARVN Cavalry foiled an attempted NVA ambush". Retrieved 2010-06-11. 

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Simon Dunstan, 'Vietnam Tracks: Armor into Battle 1945-75,' Osprey Publishing Ltd, London, 1982

External links[edit]

Video taken of 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron in 1969—http://www.archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.32456