3rd/9th Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles)
|3rd/9th Light Horse Regiment
(South Australian Mounted Rifles)
Cap badge of the 3rd/9th Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles)
|Active||1948 – Present|
|Part of||9th Brigade|
|Motto||Nec Aspera Terrent|
|March||Quick - Fare Thee Well Inniskilling|
|Anniversaries||26 Feb 1840|
|Major Jake Kearsley|
|Colonel-in-Chief||HRH The Prince of Wales
|Unit Colour Patch|
The 3rd/9th Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles) (3/9 SAMR) is a Reserve light cavalry regiment of the Australian Army based in Adelaide. Part of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps (RAAC), the regiment is attached to the 9th Brigade, 2nd Division and currently operates Land Rover four wheel drive vehicles.
In 1948, following the completion of the demobilisation process after the end of the Second World War, the Citizens Military Force—Australia's part-time volunteer army—was reformed, albeit on a reduced scale. At this time, the 3rd/9th Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles) was formed in Adelaide in order to perpetuate four previously existing South Australian light horse regiments, the 3rd, 9th, 18th and 23rd Light Horse Regiments.
These units trace their lineage back to a volunteer cavalry unit formed in Adelaide in 1840. After contributing personnel to fight in the Second Boer War as part of the South Australian Bushman's Contingent, over time this unit was expanded into two regiments, the 16th and 17th Light Horse Regiments which were again re-organised upon the outbreak of the First World War to form the 3rd and 9th Light Horse Regiments. During the war, these two regiments fought at Gallipoli as dismounted infantry, before taking part in the Sinai and Palestine campaign during which the 9th Light Horse had the honour of being the only Australian unit to capture an enemy unit's battle standard, capturing the Turkish 46th Regiment's standard in 1918.
3/9 SAMR is also historical custodian for the 2/9th Armoured Regiment and carries their battle honours on the Guidon of the 9th LHR. The 2/9th Armoured Regiment was raised in August, as part of the division’s 2nd Armoured Brigade. The 2/9th was to take part in the Operation Oboe Six operations, a series of amphibious landings designed to reoccupy areas of the Borneo and the Netherlands East Indies. The regiment would support the 9th Division landings at Tarakan, and then Labuan and Brunei Bay, in British North Borneo.The 2/9th Armoured Regiment remained on Borneo until the end of December, when it returned to Australia and was disbanded at the start of 1946.
Upon re-establishment in 1948 they adopted the Staghound armoured car, which it operated until 1956. At this time, the Australian Army, following the British Army's lead, decided that armoured units would be tasked with anti-tank defence. As a result of this, the regiment was converted to an anti-tank regiment, equipped with Land Rover four wheel drives and 6-pounder static and towed 17-pounder anti-tank guns. This was only short-lived, however. In 1957, amidst widescale cutbacks in the RAAC, the regiment was close to disbandment. In order to save it from extinction, it was converted to an armoured reinforcement group, however, it never trained in this role and in 1960, when the Army adopted the Pentropic organisation, it reverted to the anti-tank role.
The 3rd/9th Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles) perpetuates the following battle honours from its predecessor units:
- Boer War: South Africa 1899–1902;
- First World War: Defence of Anzac, Sari Bair, Gallipoli 1915, Romani, Magdhaba–Rafah, Gaza–Beersheba, Jerusalem, Jaffa, Jordan (Es Salt), Jericho, Meggido, Jordan (Amman), Sharon and Damascus.
- Second World War: South-West Pacific 1945, Tarakan, Labuan.
- Grey (2008), p. 200.
- "3rd/9th South Australian Mounted Rifles". The Light Horse Association. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- Hopkins (1978), p. 207.
- "3/9 Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles) History". Department of Defence. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- "2/9th Armoured Regiment". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- Hopkins (1978), p. 342.
- Hopkins (1978), p. 343.
- "'A' Squadron, 3rd/9th Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles". Royal Australian Armoured Corps. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- Grey, Jeffrey (2008). A Military History of Australia (3rd ed.). Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-69791-0.
- Hopkins, Ronald (1978). Australian Armour. A History of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps 1927–1972. Australian Government Publishing Service.