|The Scots Guards|
Regimental badge of the Scots Guards
|Country|| Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800)
|Role||1st Battalion - Mechanized Infantry
F Company - Public Duties
|Part of||Guards Division|
|Garrison/HQ||RHQ - London
1st Battalion - Catterick
F Company - London
|Nickname||The Kiddies; Jock Guards|
|Motto||"Nemo Me Impune Lacessit"
"No one touches me with impunity"
|March||Quick - Hielan' Laddie
Slow - The Garb of Old Gaul
|Anniversaries||St Andrew's Day
|Prince Edward, Duke of Kent KG, GCMG, GCVO|
|Tactical Recognition Flash|
|Tartan||Royal Stewart (pipers kilts and plaids)|
Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army. Their origins lie in the personal bodyguard of King Charles I of England and Scotland. Its lineage can be traced as far back as 1642, although it was only placed on the English Establishment (thus becoming part of what is now the British Army) in 1686.
The Scots Guards trace their origins back to 1642 when, by order of King Charles I, the regiment was raised by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll for service in Ireland, and was known as the Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment.
It spent a number of years there and performed a variety of duties, but in the mid-1640s, during the English Civil War, the regiment took part in the fight against James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose who was fighting on the side of Charles I.
In April 1809 the 1st Battalion made their way to the Iberian Peninsula where they were to take part in the Peninsular War in Portugal and Spain. On 12 May 1809, the 1st Battalion took part in the crossing of the River Douro, an operation that ended so successfully that the French Army were in full retreat to Amarante after the actions in Oporto and its surrounding areas. In late July 1809 the regiment took part in the Battle of Talavera, one of the bloodiest and most bitter of engagements during the war.
The 2nd Battalion's flank companies took part in the disastrous Walcheren Campaign in the Low Countries. The 1st Battalion went on to take part in the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811, the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812, the Siege of San Sebastián in Summer 1813 and the Battle of the Nive in December 1813.
At the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815 the Scots Guards were positioned on the ridge just behind Hougoumont Farm, while the light companies of the two battalions, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel James Macdonnell, garrisoned the Farm, a place, on the right flank of the British and Allied army, that would be a key position during the battle.
The First World War
The 1st Battalion, part of the 1st (Guards) Brigade of the 1st Division, was part of the British Expeditionary Force which arrived in France in 1914. The Battalion took part in the Battle of Mons in August 1914, the First Battle of the Marne in September 1914 and the Battle of the Aisne also in September 1914. The 1st and 2nd Battalions then took part in the First Battle of Ypres in November 1914, the Battle of Aubers Ridge in May 1915 and the Battle of Loos in September 1915. In July 1916 the Scots Guards took part in the first Battle of the Somme and in July 1917, the regiment began its involvement in the Battle of Passchendaele. In March 1918 they fought at the second Battle of the Somme and in Autumn the regiment took part in the final battles of the war on the Western Front.
The Second World War
In April 1940, the 1st Battalion, as part of the 24th Guards Brigade, took part in its first campaign of the war, during the expedition to Norway. In North Africa, as part of the 22nd Guards Brigade, the 2nd Battalion took part in fighting against the Italians in Egypt followed by tough fighting in Libya, then also controlled by Italy. In North Africa, in March 1943, the 2nd Battalion took part in the defensive Battle of Medenine, after the Germans had counter-attacked the Allies.
In September 1943, the 2nd Battalion, as part of the 201st Guards Brigade of the 56th (London) Division, took part in the Landing at Salerno. In December 1943, the 1st Battalion, as part of 24th Guards Brigade, arrived in the Italian Theatre. At the Battle of Monte Cassino in early 1944, the 2nd Battalion suffered heavy casualties in tough fighting.
The 1st Battalion, as part of its brigade, joined the 6th South African Armoured Division in May 1944. The regiment took part in many fierce engagements throughout 1944, including those against the Gothic Line, a formidable defensive line.
The 2nd Battalion was once more involved in war when it deployed to Malaya during the Malayan Emergency. Then in late 1951, the 1st Battalion was deployed to Cyprus and in February 1952, the battalion deployed to the Suez Canal Zone, Egypt. Both the 1st and 2nd Battalion deployed to Northern Ireland during the Troubles in the early 1970s.
During the Falklands War in 1982 the main force of the Scots Guards began its advance on the western side of Mount Tumbledown. During the course of the battle in the early hours of 14 June 1982, men of the battalion launched a bayonet charge on the stout Argentinian defenders which resulted in bitter and bloody fighting, and was one of the last bayonet charges by the British Army.
In 2004 the 1st Battalion deployed to Iraq on a 6-month posting as part of 4th Armoured Brigade. The 4th Brigade relieved 1st Mechanised Brigade, and joined the Multi-National Division (South East), which was under UK command.
Traditions and affiliations
The Scots Guards and other Guards Regiments have a long-standing connection to The Parachute Regiment. Guardsman who have Completed P company are Transferred into the Guards Parachute Platoon who are currently attached to 3 PARA still keeping the tradition of the No 1 (Guards) Independent Parachute Company who were the original Pathfinder Group of 16th Parachute Brigade now renamed 16th Air Assault Brigade.
The regiment consists of a single operational battalion, which has been based in Catterick since 2008, in the armoured infantry role. However, since 1993, the regiment has also maintained an independent company, F Company, permanently based in Wellington Barracks, London on public duties. It is the custodian of the colours and traditions of the 2nd Battalion, which was placed in permanent suspended animation in 1993 as a result of Options for Change. 1st Battalion will be equipped with Mastiff Vehicles under Army 2020 and be under 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade.
Recruits to the Guards Division go through a thirty-week gruelling training programme at the Infantry Training Centre (ITC). The training is two weeks more than the training for the Regular line infantry regiments of the British Army; the extra training, carried out throughout the course, is devoted to drill and ceremonies.
Regimental colonels have included:
- Major-General The Earl of Linlithgow 1660–1684
- Lieutenant-General Hon. James Douglas 1684–1691
- Lieutenant-General Hon. George Ramsay 1691–1707
- Lieutenant-General The Marquess of Lothian 1707–1713
- General The Earl of Dunmore 1713–1752
- General The Earl of Rothes 1752–1767
- Field Marshal HRH The Duke of Gloucester 1767–1770
- General The Earl of Loudoun 1770–1782
- Field Marshal The Duke of Argyll 1782–1806
- Field Marshal HRH The Duke of Gloucester 1806–1834
- General The Duke of Gordon 1834–1836
- General The Earl Ludlow 1836–1842
- Field Marshal HRH The Duke of Saxony 1842–1852
- Field Marshal HRH The Duke of Cambridge 1852–1861
- Field Marshal Sir Alexander Woodford 1861–1870
- General Sir John Aitchison 1870–1875
- General Lord Rokeby 1875–1883
- General Sir William Knollys 1883–1883
- Field Marshal The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn 1883–1904
- Field Marshal Lord Methuen 1904–1932
- Field Marshal HRH The Duke of York 1932–1936
- Field Marshal HRH The Duke of Gloucester 1936–1974
- Field Marshal HRH The Duke of Kent 1974–Present
The battle honours of the Scots Guards are as follows:
- Pre-First World War: Namur 1695, Dettingen, Lincelles, Egypt, Talavera, Barrosa, Fuentes d'Onoro, Salamanca, Nive, Peninsula, Waterloo, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Tel-er-Kebir, Egypt 1882, Suakin 1885, Modder River, South Africa 1899–1902
- First World War:
- Western Front: Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914 1917, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Nonne Bosschen, Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 1918, Flers Courcelette, Morval, Pilckem, Poelcapelle, Cambrai 1917 1918, St. Quentin, Albert 1918, Bapaume 1918, Arras 1918, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Havrincourt, Canal du Nord, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914–18
- Second World War:
- North-West Europe: Stien, Norway 1940, Quarry Hill, Estry, Venlo Pocket, Rhineland, Reichswald, Kleve, Moyland, Hochwald, Rhine, Lingen, Uelzen, North-West Europe 1944–45
- North Africa: Halfaya 1941, Sidi Suleiman, Tobruk 1941, Gazala, Knightsbridge, Defence of Alamein Line, Medenine, Tadjera Khir, Medjez Plain, Grich el Oued, Djebel Bou Aoukaz 1943 I, North Africa 1941–43
- Italy: Salerno, Battipaglia, Volturno Crossing, Rocchetta e Croce, Monte Camino, Campoleone, Carroceto, Trasimene Line, Advance to Florence, Monte San Michele, Catarelto Ridge, Argenta Gap, Italy 1943–45
- Post WWII: Tumbledown Mountain (Falkland Islands 1982), Gulf 1991
Order of precedence
|Infantry Order of Precedence||Succeeded by
- "Scots Guards". British Empire. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "The Scots Guards - Ex Servicemen Recruitment". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- Longford, Elizabeth, Wellington: The Years of the Sword, p.450
- "The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "The Battle Of Medenine". Queen's Royal Surreys. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "6th South African Armoured Division". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Scots Guards". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Scots Guards". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "No 1 (Guards) Independent Parachute Company". ParaData. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "Regular Army basing matrix" (PDF). Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Combat Infantryman's Course - Foot Guards". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Scots Guards Colonels". British Empire. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- "Sir William Knollys". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 2 May 1904. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "History of the Scots Guards". Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- "Scots Guards Sword". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scots Guards.|
- The Guards Museum - Containing the history of the five regiments of Foot Guards, Wellington Barracks, London.
- Scots Guards Homepage
- Scots Guards Association Homepage