3rd Guards Infantry Division (German Empire)

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3rd Guards Infantry Division (3. Garde-Infanterie-Division)
Active 1914-1919
Country Prussia/Germany
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Size Approx. 15,000
Engagements World War I: 1st Masurian Lakes, Łódź (1914), Gorlice-Tarnów Offensive, Somme, Battle of Delville Wood, Arras (1917), Passchendaele, Cambrai (1917), Spring Offensive, Aisne-Marne, Meuse-Argonne Offensive

The 3rd Guards Infantry Division (3. Garde-Infanterie-Division) was a unit of the German Army, in World War I. The division was formed on the mobilization of the German Army in August 1914[1] as part of the Guards Reserve Corps. The division was disbanded in 1919, during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I. It was a division of the Prussian Guards and was thus raised and recruited throughout the Kingdom of Prussia from the elite of recruits.

Combat chronicle[edit]

The 3rd Guards Infantry Division began the war on the Western Front, participating in the capture of Namur. It was transferred to the Eastern Front in September 1914, and saw action on arrival in the First Battle of the Masurian Lakes. It then fought in the Battle of Łódź. It continued fighting in the Carpathians and Galicia and then participated in the Gorlice-Tarnów Offensive. The division returned to the Western Front in April 1916 and entered the trenches in the Champagne region. In July 1916, it fought in the Battle of the Somme. At the beginning of September 1916, the division was again sent to the Eastern Front, returning in November. In 1917, it participated in the Battle of Arras and the Battle of Passchendaele. It then fought against the Allied tank attack in November 1917 in the Battle of Cambrai. In 1918, it fought in the German Spring Offensive. During the subsequent Allied offensives and counteroffensives, the division faced the French and Americans at Aisne-Marne and in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The division was rated as one of the best German divisions by Allied intelligence.[2][3]

Order of battle on mobilization[edit]

The order of battle of the 3rd Guards Infantry Division on mobilization was as follows:[4]

1st Company/28th (2nd Brandenburg) Pioneer-Battalion

Order of battle on July 1, 1916[edit]

The 3rd Guards Infantry Division was triangularized in May 1915. The order of battle on July 1, 1916 was as follows:[2]

1st Company/28th (2nd Brandenburg) Pioneer-Battalion

  • Pioneer-Company No. 274
  • Guards Minenwerfer Company No. 3

Order of battle on March 20, 1918[edit]

The 3rd Guards Infantry Division's order of battle on March 20, 1918 was as follows:[5]

  • 6.Garde-Infanterie-Brigade
    • Garde-Füsilier-Regiment
    • Lehr-Infanterie-Regiment
    • Colbergsches-Grenadier-Regiment Graf Gneisenau (2. Pommersches) Nr. 9
    • Maschinengewehr-Scharfschützen-Abteilung Nr. 2
  • 1.Eskadron/2.Garde-Dragoner-Regiment Kaiserin Alexandra von Rußland
  • Garde-Artillerie-Kommandeur 3
    • 5.Garde-Feldartillerie-Regiment
    • I.Bataillon/Garde-Fußartillerie-Regiment Nr. 2
  • Stab Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 104
    • 1.Kompanie/2. Brandenburgisches Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 28
    • Pionier-Kompanie Nr. 274
    • 3. Garde-Minenwerfer-Kompanie
  • Divisions-Nachrichten-Kommandeur Garde 3

References[edit]

  • 3. Garde-Infanterie-Division (Chronik 1914/1918) - Der erste Weltkrieg
  • Hermann Cron et al., Ruhmeshalle unserer alten Armee (Berlin, 1935)
  • Hermann Cron, Geschichte des deutschen Heeres im Weltkriege 1914-1918 (Berlin, 1937)
  • Günter Wegner, Stellenbesetzung der deutschen Heere 1815-1939. (Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück, 1993), Bd. 1
  • Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919 (1920)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 3. Garde-Infanterie-Division (Chronik 1914/1919)
  2. ^ a b 3. Garde-Infanterie-Division (Chronik 1914/1918) - Der erste Weltkrieg
  3. ^ Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919 (1920), pp. 72-75.
  4. ^ Hermann Cron et al., Ruhmeshalle unserer alten Armee (Berlin, 1935).
  5. ^ Cron et al., Ruhmeshalle.