3rd Infantry Division (South Africa)

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3rd South African Infantry Division
UDFparade.jpg
South African infantry on parade prior to the Union of South Africa's entry into World War II
Active 23 October 1940 – 17 May 1943
Country  South Africa
Allegiance Allied forces of World War 2
Branch South African Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Garrison/HQ Pretoria and later Ermelo
Disbanded 4 April 1942 (re-designated as 3rd Arm Div)
Commanders
Until re-designation as 3rd Arm Div Major General Hermanus Botha


The South African 3rd Infantry Division was an infantry division of the South African Army during World War II.


History[edit]

This division was formed in South Africa on 23 October 1940[1] with its headquarters based in Pretoria.

The 3rd Infantry Division never took an active part in any battles but instead organised and trained the South African home defence forces, performed garrison duties and trained and supplied replacements for the 1st and 2nd Divisions deployed to East Africa and later to the Western Desert.[2]

The division was based in Pretoria until 1942, whereafter the division then moved to Ermelo in the Eastern Transvaal, although its constituent units were deployed as far as the then South West Africa.

On 4 April 1942 the division was redesignated the South African 3rd Armoured Division. This division was disbanded on 17 May 1943, without ever having been deployed. However, one of the division's constituent units, the 7th Motorised Brigade, did take part in the invasion of Madagascar.

Major General Hermanus Botha was the commander of the division from 23 August 1940 until its redesignation.

Order of Battle[edit]

On formation in October 1940, the Division was structured as follows:[3]

  • Division Troops
    • 6th Light Field Brigade, SAA
    • 8th, 9th, 10th Field Companies, SAEC?
    • 17th Divisional Field Park Company, SAEC?
  • 7th South African Infantry Brigade (Raised 11 July 1940 at Premier Mine)
    • 1st Pretoria Regiment
    • 1st Witwatersrand Rifles
    • Regiment de la Rey
  • 8th South African Infantry Brigade (Raised 1 July 1940 in East London. Disbanded November 1940.)
    • The Cape Town Highlanders
    • Prince Alfred'd Guard
    • The First City
  • 9th South African Infantry Brigade (Raised 15 July 1940 at Premier Mine)
    • Regiment President Steyn (Until 22 Nov 40)
    • Die Middelandse Regiment
    • Regiment Westelike Provinsie (Until 1 Sep 40)
    • 2nd Pretoria Regiment (From Sep - Oct 40)
    • 2nd Transvaal Scottish (From 4 Sep - 21 Nov 40)
    • 2nd Royal Natal Carabineers (From 9 Sep - 3 Oct 40)
    • 1st Regiment Botha (From Sep - Nov 40)
    • 1st Pretoria Highlanders (From Nov 40)
    • The Cape Town Highlanders (From 6 Nov 40)
    • 2nd Natal Mounted Rifles (From 23 Nov 40)
  • 10th South African Infantry Brigade (Raised July 1940. Replaced 8th Bde in Nov 40.)
    • The Kimberley Regiment
    • 2nd Witwatersrand Rifles
    • The First City
  • 11th South African Infantry Brigade (Raised July 1940. Disbanded October 1940.)
    • 2nd Witwatersrand Rifles
    • 1st South-West African Infantry Battalion
    • 2nd Imperial Light Horse
  • 12th South African Infantry Brigade (Raised July 1940. Disbanded September 1940.)
    • 2nd Royal Natal Carabineers
    • 2nd Pretoria Regiment
    • 2nd Rand Light Infantry

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Martin, H.J. Lt-Gen; Orpen, Neil D, Col (1979). South Africa at War: Military and Industrial Organisation and Operations in connection with the conduct of the War, 1939-1945. Cape Town: Purnell. p. 68. ISBN 0868430250. 
  2. ^ Martin & Orpen, 1979 p.100
  3. ^ Command and General Staff College (CGSC). "South African Army: 3 September 1939 - July 1940" (PDF). US Army Combined Arms Center (CAC). Retrieved 10 October 2014. 

Media related to Military history of South Africa at Wikimedia Commons