4-Methyl-2-pentanol

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4-Methyl-2-pentanol[1]
4-methyl-2-pentanol.PNG
Identifiers
CAS number 108-11-2 YesY=
ChemSpider 7622 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL448896 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C6H14O
Molar mass 102.174 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.8075 g/cm3 at 20 °C
Melting point −90 °C
Boiling point 131.6 °C
Solubility in water 15 g/L
Solubility soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether
Vapor pressure 0.698 kPa
Viscosity 4.07 mPa·s
Thermochemistry
Specific
heat capacity
C
273.0 J·mol-1·K-1 (liquid)
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
-394.7 kJ·mol-1 (liquid)
Hazards
Flash point 41 °C (106 °F; 314 K)
Autoignition temperature 1 — 5.5%
Related compounds
Related compounds Hexanol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

4-Methyl-2-pentanol (IUPAC name) or methyl isobutyl carbinol (MIBC) is an organic chemical compound used primarily as a frother in mineral flotation. It is also used as a solvent, in organic synthesis, and in the manufacture of brake fluid [2] and as a precursor to some plasticizers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 3–398, 5–47, 8–106, 15–22, 16–24, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2 
  2. ^ Howard, Philip H. (1993), Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals 4, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 430–434, ISBN 978-0-87371-413-6, retrieved 2010-01-22