4-(1-Oxononyl)morpholine, N-Nonanoylmorpholine, 1-(4-Morpholino)-1-nonanone, 4-Morpholinenonylic acid, Pelargonic acid morpholide, Pelargonic morpholide, N-Morpholino nonanamide, 1-Morpholin-4-ylnonan-1-one, MPA, MPK
|Molar mass||227.34 g/mol|
|Boiling point||310 to 315 °C (590 to 599 °F; 583 to 588 K)|
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
|what is: / ?)(|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2007)|
It is a used as a solvent in lachrymatory formulations containing CR gas or CS gas. It is reported to be effective against dogs and starts being effective in concentrations of over 20–40 mg.min/m3. It is considered very safe, with high differences between effective and toxic concentrations. At one time it was reportedly used as food seasoning with no reported adverse effects. However, its effectiveness when used alone is rather low even in the highest permitted concentration, so it is almost always used in combination with CR gas or CS gas, commonly referred to as tear gas. In that combination, this blend is effective even against dogs and people under influence of alcohol or other drugs. Its effect usually lasts for 15–30 minutes.
- Collum D.B., Chen S.-C., Ganem B. (1978). "A new synthesis of amides and macrocyclic lactams" (PDF). Journal of Organic Chemistry 43 (22): 4393–4394(2). doi:10.1021/jo00416a040. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-06.
- МОРФОЛИД ПЕЛАРГОНОВОЙ КИСЛОТЫ (МПК) (pelargonic acid morpholide)
- ТОКСИКОДИНАМИКА МОРФОЛИДА ПЕЛАРГОНОВОЙ КИСЛОТЫ