40-meter band

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The 40-meter or 7-MHz band is an amateur radio frequency band, spanning 7000-7300 kHz in ITU Region-2, and 7000-7200 kHz in Regions 1 & 3. It is allocated to radio amateurs worldwide on a primary basis.

40 meters is considered one of the most reliable all-season DX bands.

History[edit]

The 40-meter band was made available to amateurs in the United States by the Third National Radio Conference on October 10, 1924 and allocated on a worldwide basis by the International Radiotelegraph Conference in Washington, D.C., on October 4, 1927.

For many years the portion of the band from 7100–7300 kHz has been allocated to short wave broadcasters outside the Americas and not available to radio amateurs outside ITU Region 2. At the World Radio Conference WRC-03 in 2003 it was agreed that the broadcast stations would move out of the section 7100–7200 kHz on 29 March 2009 and that portion would become a worldwide exclusive amateur allocation afterwards. Releasing the remaining 100 kHz of the band to amateurs at a later date is an IARU aim for future conferences.

Radio propagation characteristics[edit]

This band supports both long distance (DX) communications between late afternoon and a few hours after sunrise, and short distance NVIS contacts during most daylight hours.

With its unique combination of intra- and intercontinental communications possibilities, 40 meters is considered a key band in building a winning HF contesting score during any part of the sunspot cycle.

Usage[edit]

The band is most useful for inter-continental communication for one or two hours before sunset, during the night and for one or two hours after sunrise. It is extremely useful for short to medium distance contacts from local contacts out to a range of 500–1500 km or more, depending on conditions, during the day. In higher latitudes, daytime intercontinental communication is also possible during the short days of winter, for example a good path often opens between Japan and northern Europe in the hours leading up to European midday from late November through late January, with a long path opening to the west coast of the United States and Canada after midday.

Due to the 24-hour nature of the band, the wide variety of ranges that can be spanned with it, and its shared nature, it tends to be extremely crowded, and interference from other amateurs and broadcasters can be a serious limiting factor. In recent years amateurs in east and southeast Asia have also suffered severe interference from illegal users.

Band plans[edit]

In most jurisdictions the subdivision of the band into different operating modes is according to informal convention rather than legal requirement.

IARU Region 1[edit]

Europe, Africa, Middle East and Northern Asia[1]

40 meters 7000-7040 7040-7050 7050-7060 7060-7200
IARU Region 1

IARU Region 2[edit]

The Americas[1]

40 meters 7000-7040 7040-7050 7050-7300
IARU Region 2

IARU Region 3[edit]

Asia-Pacific[1]

40 meters 7000-7025 7025-7030 7030-7040 7040-7300
IARU Region 3

Japan[edit]

License class 7.000–7.025 7.025-7.030 7.030–7.200
All classes

Canada[edit]

Canada is part of region 2 and as such is subject to the IARU band plan. Radio Amateurs of Canada offers the bandplan below as a recommendation for use by radio amateurs in that country but it does not have the force of law and should only be considered a suggestion or guideline.

License class 7.000–7.035 7.035-7.040 7.040-7.050 7.050-7.080 7.080-7.125 7.125-7.165 7.165-7.175 7.175–7.300
Basic(+), Advanced

United States[edit]

U.S. license class 7.000–7.025 7.025–7.125 7.125–7.175 7.175–7.300
Novice / Technician
General
Advanced
Extra

Key[edit]

= CW only (US Novice/Technician: 200 W PEP maximum TPO)
= CW, RTTY and data (US: < 1 kHz bandwidth)
= CW, RTTY, data, MCW, test, phone and image
= CW, phone and image
= CW and SSB phone
= CW, RTTY, data, phone and image

See also[edit]

Shortwave bands

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "IARU Regions". www.iaru.org. International Amateur Radio Union (IARU). Retrieved 6 January 2014.