405 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 6th century BC5th century BC4th century BC
Decades: 430s BC  420s BC  410s BC  – 400s BC –  390s BC  380s BC  370s BC
Years: 408 BC 407 BC 406 BC405 BC404 BC 403 BC 402 BC
405 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 405 BC
Ab urbe condita 349
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4346
Bahá'í calendar −2248 – −2247
Bengali calendar −997
Berber calendar 546
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 140
Burmese calendar −1042
Byzantine calendar 5104–5105
Chinese calendar 乙亥(Wood Pig)
2292 or 2232
    — to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
2293 or 2233
Coptic calendar −688 – −687
Discordian calendar 762
Ethiopian calendar −412 – −411
Hebrew calendar 3356–3357
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −348 – −347
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2697–2698
Holocene calendar 9596
Igbo calendar −1404 – −1403
Iranian calendar 1026 BP – 1025 BP
Islamic calendar 1058 BH – 1057 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1929
Minguo calendar 2316 before ROC
民前2316年
Thai solar calendar 139

Year 405 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Barbatus, Capitolinus, Cincinnatus, Medullinus, Iullus and Mamercinus (or, less frequently, year 349 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 405 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Greece[edit]

Sicily[edit]

  • Dionysius the Elder rises to power as the tyrant of Syracuse. He makes peace with the Carthaginian general, Himilco (whose army has been weakened by the plague), and fortifies Syracuse. This treaty leaves Carthage in control of most of Sicily.
  • Dionysius the Elder ruthlessly consolidates and expands his power. He builds a wall around Syracuse and fortifies Epipolae. The Greek citizens of Naxos, Catana, and Leontini are removed from their cities; many of them are enslaved and their homes are given to Sicilian and Italian mercenaries. Dionysius prepares his army to fight against Carthage, which now occupies western and southern Sicily.

By topic[edit]

Drama[edit]

Art[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]