40 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 2nd century BC1st century BC1st century
Decades: 70s BC  60s BC  50s BC  – 40s BC –  30s BC  20s BC  10s BC
Years: 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC40 BC39 BC 38 BC 37 BC
40 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 40 BC
Ab urbe condita 714
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 284
- Pharaoh Cleopatra VII, 12
Ancient Greek era 185th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar 4711
Bengali calendar −632
Berber calendar 911
Buddhist calendar 505
Burmese calendar −677
Byzantine calendar 5469–5470
Chinese calendar 庚辰(Metal Dragon)
2657 or 2597
    — to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
2658 or 2598
Coptic calendar −323 – −322
Discordian calendar 1127
Ethiopian calendar −47 – −46
Hebrew calendar 3721–3722
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 17–18
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 3062–3063
Holocene calendar 9961
Iranian calendar 661 BP – 660 BP
Islamic calendar 681 BH – 680 BH
Julian calendar 40 BC
Korean calendar 2294
Minguo calendar 1951 before ROC
Seleucid era 272/273 AG
Thai solar calendar 503–504

Year 40 BC was either a common year starting on Thursday, Friday or Saturday or a leap year starting on Thursday or Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Friday of the Proleptic Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Calvinus and Pollio (or, less frequently, year 714 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 40 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]




  • Athenodorus a philosopher, encounters a ghost in Athens. This popular story is one of the first of the poltergeist stories in history.