A three-dimensional model of 40 Harmonia based on its light curve.
|Discovered by||H. Goldschmidt|
|Discovery date||March 31, 1856|
|Minor planet category||Main belt|
|Epoch December 31, 2006 (JD 2454100.5)|
|Aphelion||355.021 Gm (2.373 AU)|
|Perihelion||323.537 Gm (2.163 AU)|
|339.279 Gm (2.268 AU)|
|1,247.514 d (3.42 a)|
Average orbital speed
|0.3712 d (8.909 h)|
40 Harmonia // is a large main-belt asteroid. It was discovered by German-French astronomer Hermann Goldschmidt on March 31, 1856, and named after Harmonia, the Greek goddess of harmony. The name was chosen to mark the end of the Crimean War.
Photometric observations at the Organ Mesa Observatory in Las Cruces, New Mexico during 2008–09 were used to generate a light curve that showed four unequal minima and maxima per cycle. The curve shows a period of 8.909 ± 0.001 hours with a brightness variation of 0.28 ± 0.02 in magnitude. This result is compatible with previous studies.
Speckle interferometric observations carried out with the Nicholas U. Mayall Telescope at the Kitt Peak National Observatory during 1982–84 failed to discover a satellite companion. In 1988 a search for satellites or dust orbiting this asteroid was performed using the UH88 telescope at the Mauna Kea Observatories, but the effort came up empty.
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