KiHa 40 series

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KiHa 40 series
JNR 40 series DMU 017.JPG
JR Hokkaido KiHa 40 series, January 2009
In service 1977–Present
Manufacturer Fuji Heavy Industries, Niigata Tekkō
Replaced KiHa 10 series
Constructed 1977–1982
Number built 888 vehicles
Number in service 849 vehicles (as of 1 April 2010)[1]
Operator JNR (1977-1987)
JR Hokkaido, JR East, JR Central, JR West, JR Shikoku, JR Kyushu (1987-present)
Depot(s) Various
Line(s) served Various
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Doors 2 per side
Maximum speed 95 km/h (60 mph)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The KiHa 40 series (キハ40系?) is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1977 and operated by all of the Japan Railways Group companies on suburban and rural services in Japan.[2]

Overview[edit]

The KiHa 40 series diesel multiple unit was introduced in 1977 by JNR to replace ageing KiHa 10 series DMUs on suburban and rural services nationwide.[3] A total of 888 vehicles were built between 1977 and 1982, broadly divided into three main types: KiHa 40, KiHa 47, and KiHa 48. These were subdivided as shown below, with further variants and modifications made later in their lives by the various JR Group companies.[1]

Type No. of cabs Doors Subclass Region Toilet
KiHa 40 2 Single-leaf -100 Hokkaido Yes
-500 Cold
-1000 Warm No
-2000 Yes
KiHa 47 1 Pairs -0 Warm Yes
-500 Cold
-1000 Warm No
-1500 Cold
KiHa 48 1 Single-leaf -0 Warm Yes
-300 Hokkaido
-500 Cold
-1000 Warm No
-1300 Hokkaido
-1500 Cold

"Cold" regions refers to the Tōhoku and Chūbu regions.

JNR car types[edit]

The types built for JNR were was follows.[1]

KiHa 40-100[edit]

  • KiHa 40-101–250 (150 vehicles)

KiHa 40-500[edit]

  • KiHa 40-501–594 (94 vehicles)

KiHa 40-1000[edit]

  • KiHa 40-1001–1007 (7 vehicles)

KiHa 40-2000[edit]

  • KiHa 40-2001–2148 (148 vehicles)

KiHa 47-0[edit]

  • KiHa 47-1–193 (193 vehicles)

KiHa 47-500[edit]

  • KiHa 47-501–522 (22 vehicles)

KiHa 47-1000[edit]

  • KiHa 47-1001–1134 (134 vehicles)

KiHa 47-1500[edit]

  • KiHa 47-1501–1521 (21 vehicles)

KiHa 48-0[edit]

  • KiHa 48-1–6 (6 vehicles)

KiHa 48-300[edit]

  • KiHa 48-301–304 (4 vehicles)

KiHa 48-500[edit]

  • KiHa 48-501–559 (59 vehicles)

KiHa 48-1000[edit]

  • KiHa 48-1001–1004 (4 vehicles)

KiHa 48-1300[edit]

  • KiHa 48-1301–1303 (3 vehicles)

KiHa 48-1500[edit]

  • KiHa 48-1501–1550 (50 vehicles)

JR Hokkaido[edit]

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR Hokkaido received a total of 157 KiHa 40 series vehicles (150 KiHa 40s and 7 KiHa 48s). As of 1 April 2010, JR Hokkaido operates 153 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-300
  • KiHa 40-330
  • KiHa 40-350
  • KiHa 40-400
  • KiHa 40-700
  • KiHa 40-1700
  • KiHa 48-1300
  • KiHa 400-100
  • KiHa 480-300
  • KiHa 480-1300

JR East[edit]

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR East received a total of 219 KiHa 40 series vehicles (117 KiHa 40s, 28 KiHa 47s, and 74 KiHa 48s). As of 1 April 2010, JR East operates 159 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1] KiHa 48 502 and KiHa 48 1512, were derailed and badly damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011, and were withdrawn.

  • KiHa 40-500
  • KiHa 40-1000
  • KiHa 40-2000
  • KiHa 47-0
  • KiHa 47-500
  • KiHa 47-1000
  • KiHa 47-1500
  • KiHa 48-500
  • KiHa 48-1500
  • Joyful Train sets

JR Central[edit]

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR Central received a total of 59 KiHa 40 series vehicles (14 KiHa 40s, 5 KiHa 47s, and 40 KiHa 48s). As of 1 April 2010, JR Central still operates 59 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-3000
  • KiHa 40-3300
  • KiHa 40-5000
  • KiHa 40-5500
  • KiHa 40-5800
  • KiHa 40-6000
  • KiHa 40-6300
  • KiHa 47-5000
  • KiHa 47-6000
  • KiHa 48-3500
  • KiHa 48-3800
  • KiHa 48-5000
  • KiHa 48-5300
  • KiHa 48-5500
  • KiHa 48-5800
  • KiHa 48-6000
  • KiHa 48-6300
  • KiHa 48-6500
  • KiHa 48-6800

JR West[edit]

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR West received a total of 257 KiHa 40 series vehicles (63 KiHa 40s, 189 KiHa 47s, and 5 KiHa 48s). As of 1 April 2010, JR West operates 255 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-3000
  • KiHa 41-2000
  • KiHa 47-2000
  • KiHa 47-2500
  • KiHa 48-3000
  • KiHa 48-3500
  • Joyful Train sets

JR Shikoku[edit]

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR Shikoku received a total of 53 KiHa 40 series vehicles (11 KiHa 40s and 42 KiHa 47s). As of 1 April 2010, JR Shikoku operates 43 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-2000
  • KiHa 47-0
  • KiHa 47-500
  • KiHa 47-1000
  • KiHa 47-1500

JR Kyushu[edit]

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR Kyushu received a total of 142 KiHa 40 series vehicles (36 KiHa 40s and 106 KiHa 47s). As of 1 April 2010, JR Kyushu operates 140 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-7000
  • KiHa 40-8000
  • KiHa 47-3500
  • KiHa 47-4500
  • KiHa 47-5000
  • KiHa 47-6000
  • KiHa 47-8000
  • KiHa 47-8500
  • KiHa 47-9000
  • KiHa 47-9500
  • KiHa 140-2000
  • KiHa 147-0
  • KiHa 147-1000
  • Joyful Train sets

Preserved examples[edit]

Preserved KiHa 40 519 next to Onagawa Station, September 2007


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Nishiwaki, Kōji; Fujita, Gorō (January 2011). "キハ40系一族" [The KiHa 40 Series Family]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 51 (597): p.15–63. 
  2. ^ Haraguchi, Takayuki (2009). Encyclopedia of JR's Railway Cars: JR全車輌. Japan: Sekai Bunka. pp. 126–127. ISBN 978-4-418-09905-4. 
  3. ^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 461–470. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ishii, Yoshitaka (27 February 2009). キハ47物語 [The KiHa 47 story]. Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN 978-4533074271. 

External links[edit]