412 Transport Squadron
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|412 Transport Squadron|
Canadian Forces CC-144 Challenger
|Branch||Royal Canadian Air Force|
|Role||VIP transport and general duties|
|Part of||8 Wing Trenton|
|Home station||CFB Trenton, Ontario|
|Motto||Promptus Ad Vindictam
("Swift to avenge")
|Squadron Badge||A falcon volant|
No. 412 Transport Squadron is one of three Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) transport squadrons attached to CFB Trenton in Trenton, Ontario. This squadron, however, is based out of Ottawa, Ontario. It had formerly been attached to CFB Ottawa, which closed in 1994. The squadron operates with a strength of about 29 out of the Pilot Officer John Gillespie Magee, Jr. Annex. The Annex officially opened on January 11, 1995.
No. 412 Squadron began as a unit of the RCAF during the Second World War.
Second World War
No. 412 (Transport) Squadron was formed in 1949, but traces its history back to two separate squadrons: Number 12 Communications Flight at RCAF Station Ottawa and 412 (Fighter) Squadron, which was formed at RAF Digby, England on June 30, 1941.
No. 412 Squadron (squadron code 'VZ') was equipped with the Supermarine Spitfire Vb and served at a number of RAF Stations in the United Kingdom  In October 1943, the squadron joined RCAF 126 Wing, part of the RAF Second Tactical Air Force. It was re-equipped with the Supermarine Spitfire IXb in November and began operating over northern France in preparation for the Operation Overlord, the D-Day landings. It was during late 1943 that the ace George "Screwball" Beurling scored his last air victory while serving with the squadron.
The squadron was moved to France in June 1944, days after the Allied landings and operated on continental Europe for the remainder of the war. The squadron was based at Wunstorf, Germany when the war ended in May 1945.
After the Second World War, Number 12 Communications Flight was re-assigned as 412 Squadron on April 1, 1947, and renamed 412 (Composite) Squadron based at Rockcliffe. In 1955, the 412 moved to Uplands. In the late 1970s a sub-unit was established at CFB Lahr in West Germany. This operation closed in 1993.
Aircraft used by 412 include:
- Supermarine Spitfire
- North American Harvard
- Beechcraft Expeditor (C-45)
- Douglas Dakota (C-47)
- 1 CL-5 North Star 1949–1966
- 2 de Havilland Comet 1A 1953–1963
- 2 CL-44 Yukon 1961–1978 - VIP configuration
- 1 de Havilland Dash 7 - based at Lahr 1980–1987
- 2 de Havilland Dash 8 - based at Lahr 1987–93
- 1 CL-66 Cosmopolitan 1960–1980
- 7 Dassault Falcon 20 1968–1985
- Royal Canadian Air Force VIP aircraft
- Bombardier Challenger 600
- Air transports of heads of state and government - Canada
- DND - Canada's Air Force - History Retrieved 2010-08-21[dead link]
- "412 Transport Squadron". CMP: Directorate of History and Heritage. 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "412 Squadron". raf-lincolnshire.info. 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "No. 412 Squadron". canadianwings.com. 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?Edoc_Id=7770073 "Combat Reports, Second World War: Image details, Beurling, Flight Lieutenant, 30 December 1943."] DocumentsOnline, The National Archives. Retrieved: 29 July 2009.
- "412 Transport Squadron". Royal Canadian Air Force. 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- 412 (Transport) Squadron, 1936-1995. Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing. 1995. ISBN 1-56311-011-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 412 Squadron RCAF.|
- Flying Officer L.R.N. Ashley (August 1958). "The Story Of No. 412 Squadron". The Roundel 10 (6).