413 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 6th century BC5th century BC4th century BC
Decades: 440s BC  430s BC  420s BC  – 410s BC –  400s BC  390s BC  380s BC
Years: 416 BC 415 BC 414 BC413 BC412 BC 411 BC 410 BC
413 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 413 BC
Ab urbe condita 341
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 113
- Pharaoh Darius II of Persia, 11
Ancient Greek era 91st Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4338
Bengali calendar −1005
Berber calendar 538
Buddhist calendar 132
Burmese calendar −1050
Byzantine calendar 5096–5097
Chinese calendar 丁卯(Fire Rabbit)
2284 or 2224
    — to —
戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
2285 or 2225
Coptic calendar −696 – −695
Discordian calendar 754
Ethiopian calendar −420 – −419
Hebrew calendar 3348–3349
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −356 – −355
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2689–2690
Holocene calendar 9588
Iranian calendar 1034 BP – 1033 BP
Islamic calendar 1066 BH – 1065 BH
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1921
Minguo calendar 2324 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 130–131

Year 413 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Cossus and Medullinus (or, less frequently, year 341 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 413 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • After suffering a defeat in which the Athenian commander Lamachus is killed, Demosthenes suggests that they immediately give up the siege of Syracuse and return to Athens, where they are needed to defend against a Spartan invasion of Attica. Nicias refuses, but the Syracusans and Spartans under Hermocrates are able to trap the Athenians in the harbour and the Athenians sustain heavy losses in the Battle of Syracuse. Demosthenes is ambushed by the Syracusans and is forced to surrender. Nicias is soon captured as well, and both are executed, with most of the surviving Athenian soldiers sent to work in the Sicilian quarries.
  • Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap of Lydia and Caria, forms an alliance with Sparta. The Spartans, with strategic advice from Alcibiades and limited assistance from the Persians under Pharnabazus, advance almost to the gates of Athens. King Agis II leads the Spartan force that occupies Decelea in Attica.
  • Archelaus I becomes King of Macedonia following the death of his father, King Perdiccas II. Archelaus seizes the throne after murdering his uncle, his cousin, and his half brother, the legitimate heir.

By topic[edit]