417th Bombardment Squadron

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"27th Reconnaissance Squadron" redirects here. For the 27th Reconnaissance Squadron (Fighter), see 7th Special Operations Squadron.
417th Bombardment Squadron
Douglas B-18B Pima.jpg
Douglas B-18B with radome replacing nose gunner position
Active 1939-1944
Country  United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Bombardment
Engagements American Theater: Antisubmarine Campaign
Insignia
417th Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 13 January 1943)[1] 417thbombsquadron-emblem.jpg

The 417th Bombardment Squadron is a United States Army Air Forces unit. Its last assignment was with the 25th Bombardment Group at Alamogordo Army Air Field, New Mexico where it was inactivated on 20 June 1944.

History[edit]

The squadron was established in September 1939 the 27th Reconnaissance Squadron (Long Range), a B-17 Flying Fortress[verification needed] reconnaissance squadron at Langley Field, Virginia. The 27th deployed to Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico in November.[1] On Puerto Rico, it was assigned to the 13th Composite Wing,[verification needed] and was redesignated as the 27th Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy) on 20 November 1940.[1] The unit performed a number of long-range missions down the Antilles Islands chain, including frequent trips to St. Croix.[citation needed]

After the Pearl Harbor Attack, elements were attached to the 25th and 40th Bombardment Groups.[citation needed] On 16 February, the Squadron had been assigned to the Antilles Air Task Force.[verification needed] "A" Flight of the Squadron was deployed to Camaguey Airfield, Cuba in April 1942,[1] and a detachment was at Vernam Field, Jamaica.[citation needed]

On 7 May 1942, the squadron was redesignated as the 417th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) while attached to the 25th Bombardment Group[1] and the squadron was heavily involved in antisubmarine sweeps in the waters around Cuba, the Windward Passage, and the Cayman Trench.[citation needed]

The squadron moved west on 24 September 1942 to Vernam Field, Jamaica, then moved to Losey Field, Puerto Rico, on 29 May 1943, where the long-standing attachment to the 25th Bombardment Group became an assignment.[1] Detachments at different times operated from Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico; San Juan Naval Air Station, Puerto Rico; Guantanamo Bay NAS, Cuba; Camaguey Field, Cuba.[citation needed] In August 1943, the Squadron received the North American B-25D Mitchell. The Squadron moved on 12 September, this time returning to Borinquen Field.[verification needed] The detachment at Camaguey Field, Cuba, was discontinued in August 1943.[1] However, these crews were apparently moved to San Julián Field, Cuba,[citation needed]

By 31 December 1943 with the Navy taking over the antisubmarine mission, the squadron had become, essentially, an operational training unit.[citation needed] In April 1944 the squadron returned to the United States and was disbanded on 20 June.[1] Many of the older veterans of the squadron had in fact departed for the U.S. and other war theaters as early as December 1943.[citation needed]

Lineage[2][edit]

  • Constituted as the 27th Reconnaissance Squadron (Long Range) on 16 September 1939
Activated on 16 September 1939
Redesignated: 27th Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy) on 1 November 1940
Redesignated: 417th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 22 April 1942
Redesignated: 417th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 7 May 1942
Disbanded on 20 June 1944.

Assignments[edit]

  • Puerto Rican Department, 16 September 1939 (attached to 25th Bombardment Group after November 1940)[3]
Associated with: 1st Photographic Group, 10 Jun 1941-22 Apr 1942 (training)[citation needed]
25th Bombardment Group: 25 February 1944 - 20 June 1944.

Stations[edit]

  • Langley Field, Virginia, 16 September-17 November 1939
  • Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico, 21 November 1939
Detachment operated from: Camaguey Air Base, Cuba, 13 April 1942 - August 1943
  • Vernam Field, Jamaica, 24 September 1942
  • Losey Field, Puerto Rico, 29 May 1943 - 24 March 1944
  • Alamogordo AAF, New Mexico, April 1944 - 20 June 1944.

Aircraft[2][edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 510–511. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  2. ^ a b Conaway, William. "417th Bombardment Squadron (Medium)". VI Bomber Command In Defense Of The Panama Canal 1941 - 45. 
  3. ^ Conaway, William. "25th Bombardment Group (Medium)". VI Bomber Command In Defense Of The Panama Canal 1941 - 45. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]