41st New Zealand Parliament

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The 41st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1984 elections, and it sat until the 1987 elections.

The 41st Parliament was the first term of the fourth Labour Party government. It marked the end of three terms of National Party administration under Robert Muldoon. David Lange become Prime Minister and Roger Douglas became Minister of Finance — the economic reforms undertaken by Douglas, nicknamed Rogernomics, would prove to be a defining feature of the fourth Labour government, and were deeply unpopular with Labour's traditional support base. The National Party, now in opposition, experienced a number of leadership disputes, replacing Muldoon first with Jim McLay and then with Jim Bolger.

The 41st Parliament consisted of ninety-five representatives, the highest number since the 10th Parliament (elected in 1887). All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.

Electoral boundaries for the 41st Parliament[edit]


Initial composition of the 41st Parliament[edit]

The tables below shows the results of the 1984 general election:


 National    Labour    NZ Party  
 Social Credit    Mana Motuhake    Independent  
Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1984. [1]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton Rob Talbot 472 G Stone
Auckland Central Richard Prebble 8,876 M Eardley-Wilmot
Avon Mary Batchelor 7,771 A P Cowie
Awarua Rex Austin 384 B G Raitt
Bay of Islands Neill Austin 3,298 L W Hunter
Birkenhead Jim McLay 1,717 J E T Course
Christchurch Central Geoffrey Palmer 8,508 A A P Willy
Christchurch North (new electorate) Mike Moore 5,728 D J L Dumergue
Clutha Robin Gray 4,522 M J Sheppard
Dunedin North Stan Rodger 5,129 B Henderson
Dunedin West (new electorate) Clive Matthewson 6,011 D G P Russell
East Cape Duncan MacIntyre Anne Fraser 755 Duncan MacIntyre
East Coast Bays Gary Knapp 2,020 Murray McCully
Eastern Hutt Trevor Young 6,005 Joy McLauchlan
Eden Aussie Malcolm Richard Northey 2,306 Aussie Malcolm (National)
Fendalton Philip Burdon 1,457 M J Dobson
Franklin (new electorate) Bill Birch 5,210 R Haywood
Glenfield (new electorate) Judy Keall 809 D L Schnauer
Gisborne Bob Bell Allan Wallbank 1,100 Bob Bell (National)
Hamilton East Ian Shearer Bill Dillon 2,168 Ian Shearer (National)
Hamilton West Mike Minogue Trevor Mallard 809 Mike Minogue (National)
Hastings David Butcher 4,273 P D Brown
Hauraki Graeme Lee 3,432 A D T Thompson
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison Bill Sutton 974 Richard Harrison (National)
Heretaunga Bill Jeffries 4,537 A J MacFarlane
Horowhenua Geoff Thompson Annette King 447 Geoff Thompson (National)
Invercargill Norman Jones 1,279 D E H Soper
Island Bay Frank O'Flynn 6,007 J Kananghinis
Kaimai Bruce Townshend 3,696 L J B Dickson
Kaipara Peter Ian Wilkinson Lockwood Smith 5,564 W J Campbell (Social Credit)
Kapiti Margaret Shields 4,514 I J Oakley
King Country Jim Bolger 5,617 J E Simons
Lyttelton Ann Hercus 4,963 D G Graham
Manawatu Michael Cox 420 D C Alton
Mangere David Lange 8,375 P L Saunders
Manurewa Roger Douglas 4,933 S Leenstra
Marlborough Doug Kidd 612 G MacDonald
Matamata Jack Luxton 5,785 R I Clow
Miramar Peter Neilsen 3,499 D Crosbie
Mt Albert Helen Clark 6,207 R O Cavanagh
Napier Geoff Braybrooke 6,399 M P Liddell
Nelson Philip Woollaston 3,459 Mel Courtney
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt 6,340 R A Hanson
New Plymouth Tony Friedlander 269 Ida Gaskin
North Shore George Gair 3,710 P J Harris
Ohariu Hugh Templeton Peter Dunne 1,371 Hugh Templeton (National)
Onehunga Fred Gerbic 4,508 C A Freeman
Otago Warren Cooper 1,375 J D Polson
Otara (new electorate) Colin Moyle 6,519 M M M Tahia
Pahiatua John Falloon 5,478 M Brazendale
Pakuranga Pat Hunt Neil Morrison 172 Pat Hunt (National)
Palmerston North Trevor de Cleene 3,033 C G Singleton
Panmure (new electorate) Bob Tizard 5,979 C Tedesco
Papakura Merv Wellington 1,447 D L John
Papatoetoe Eddie Isbey 2,996 P F O'Brien
Pencarrow Fraser Colman 5,418 K J B Cranston
Porirua Gerard Wall 5,418 A L Gadsby
Raglan (new electorate) Simon Upton 1,976 L Holmes
Rangiora Derek Quigley Jim Gerard 346 B C Tomlinson (Labour)
Rangitikei Bruce Beetham Denis Marshall 5,799 Bruce Beetham (Social Credit)
Remuera Allan Highet Doug Graham 3,483 K L Sandford (NZ Party)
Rodney (new electorate) Don McKinnon 3,876 B R Dent
Roskill Phil Goff 4,208 C N Knowles
Rotorua Paul East 811 B D Arps
St Albans David Caygill 6,172 I G B Wilson
St Kilda Michael Cullen 5,594 J S Clark
Selwyn Ruth Richardson 3,829 C E Manning
Sydenham John Kirk[nb 1] Jim Anderton 7,255 E L Bonisch (National)
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 3,758 R Tulloch
Taranaki David Thomson Roger Maxwell 6,013 G N Waters (Labour)
Tarawera Ian McLean 3,377 M R Moore
Tasman Bill Rowling Ken Shirley 1,854 G H Hunt (National)
Tauranga Keith Allen Winston Peters 4,912 D J Parlour (NZ Party)
Te Atatu Michael Bassett 4,991 F W G Diment
Timaru Basil Arthur 2,219 Maurice McTigue
Titirangi (new electorate) Ralph Maxwell 3,954 J C McIntosh
Tongariro (new electorate) Noel Scott 3,870 N F Rangi
Waikaremoana (new electorate) Roger McClay 1,737 J N Harré
Waikato Simon Upton Rob Storey 1,658 P J Cleave (Labour)
Waipa Marilyn Waring Katherine O'Regan 5,667 A H Allen (Labour)
Wairarapa Ben Couch Reg Boorman 394 Ben Couch (National)
Waitakere Ralph Maxwell 4,474 J C McIntosh
Waitaki Jonathan Elworthy Jim Sutton 561 Jonathan Elworthy (National)
Waitotara Venn Young 3,314 S C Perry
Wallace Derek Angus 5,663 C J Fisher
Wanganui Russell Marshall 3,918 Terry Heffernan
Wellington Central Fran Wilde 4,116 R A Young Rouse
West Auckland (new electorate) Jack Elder 2,229 Dail Jones
West Coast Kerry Burke 4,293 J W Bateman
Western Hutt John Terris 4,348 J W Tanner
Whangarei John Banks 2,003 B C Manger
Yaldhurst Mick Connelly Margaret Austin 2,970 H Joseph (National)
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Peter Tapsell 11,230 B R Kiwara
Northern Maori Bruce Gregory 7,688 Matiu Rata
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 10,495 N A Reedy
Western Maori Koro Wētere 10,110 W S Katene

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ In July 1983 Kirk said he would not stand in 1984: when Anderton was selected for Sydenham Kirk (a Lange supporter) withdrew from the Labour caucus and was suspended by Labour, becoming an independent

By-elections during 41st Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 41st Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Timaru 1985 15 June Basil Arthur Death Maurice McTigue

Summary of changes during term[edit]


  1. ^ Norton 1988, pp. ?.