41st United States Congress

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41st United States Congress
40th ← → 42nd
USCapitol1869.jpg
United States Capitol (1869)

Duration: March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1871

Senate President: Schuyler Colfax
Senate Pres. pro tem: Henry B. Anthony
House Speaker: James G. Blaine
Members: 74 Senators
243 Representatives
9 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: March 4, 1869 – April 10, 1869
2nd: December 6, 1869 – July 15, 1870
3rd: December 5, 1870 – March 4, 1871

The Forty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1869 to March 4, 1871, during the first two years of Ulysses Grant's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Constitutional amendment[edit]

States readmitted[edit]

  • January 26, 1870: Virginia rejoined the Union
  • February 23: Mississippi rejoined the Union
  • March 30, 1870: Texas rejoined the Union
  • July 15, 1870: Georgia rejoined the Union, the last former Confederate state to be readmitted

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

During this Congress, Virginia, Mississippi, Texas, and Georgia were readmitted to representation.

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
Other
End of the previous congress 9 55 0 64 10
Begin 9 57 0 66 8
End 12 62 74 0
Final voting share 16.2% 83.8% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 16 55 (Liberal Republican)
1
72 2

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
Conservative
(C)
Other
End of the previous congress 45 170 2 (Independent Republican,
& Conservative Republican)

3
220 23
Begin 65 150 0 0 215 28
End 67 169 5 241 1
Final voting share 27.8% 70.1% 2.1% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 93 144 0 (Liberal Republican &
Independent Republican)

2
239 2

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
Schuyler Colfax

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

President pro tempore
Henry B. Anthony

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1874; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1870; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1872.

House of Representatives[edit]

Speaker of the House, James G. Blaine

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations:2
  • interim appointments: 2
  • seats of newly re-admitted states: 8
  • Total seats with changes: 14


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Virginia (1) Vacant Virginia re-admitted to the Union John F. Lewis (R) January 26, 1870
Virginia (2) John W. Johnston (D)
Mississippi (1) Vacant Mississippi re-admitted to the Union Adelbert Ames (R) February 23, 1870
Mississippi (2) Hiram R Revels (R)
Texas (1) Vacant Texas re-admitted to the Union James W. Flanagan (R) March 30, 1870
Texas (2) Morgan C. Hamilton (R) March 31, 1870
Georgia (3) Vacant Georgia re-admitted to the Union Joshua Hill (R) February 1, 1871
Georgia (2) Homer V. M. Miller (D) February 28, 1871
Maine (2) William P. Fessenden (R) Died September 8, 1869 Lot M. Morrill (R) October 30, 1869
Iowa (2) James W. Grimes (R) Resigned December 6, 1869 because of failing health James B. Howell (R) January 18, 1870
Minnesota (2) Daniel S. Norton (R) Died July 13, 1870 William Windom (R) July 15, 1870
Missouri (3) Charles D. Drake (R) Resigned December 19, 1870 after being appointed chief justice of the United States Court of Claims Daniel T. Jewett (R) December 19, 1870
Missouri (3) Daniel T. Jewett (R) Successor elected January 20, 1871 Francis P. Blair, Jr. (D) January 20, 1871
Minnesota (2) William Windom (R) Successor elected January 22, 1871 Ozora P. Stearns (R) January 22, 1871

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
South Carolina 3rd Vacant Contested election with J.P. Reed. Reed was never seated. House declared Hoge entitled to seat. Solomon L. Hoge (R) April 8, 1869
Wyoming Territory At-large Vacant Territory organized in previous congress and remained vacant until December 6, 1869 Stephen F. Nuckolls (D) December 6, 1869
Virginia 2nd Vacant Virginia re-admitted into the Union James H. Platt, Jr. (R) January 26, 1870
Virginia 3rd Charles H. Porter (R)
Virginia 4th George Booker (C)
Virginia 5th Robert Ridgway (C) January 27, 1870
Virginia 6th William Milnes, Jr. (C)
Virginia 8th James K. Gibson (C) January 28, 1870
Virginia 1st Richard S. Ayer (R) January 31, 1870
Virginia 7th Lewis McKenzie (C)
Pennsylvania 21st Vacant Contested election with Henry D. Foster. House declared neither was entitled to seat. House then declared Covode duly elected February 9, 1870 John Covode (R) February 9, 1870
Mississippi 1st Vacant Mississippi re-admitted into the Union George E. Harris (R) February 23, 1870
Mississippi 2nd Joseph L. Morphis (R)
Mississippi 3rd Henry W. Barry (R)
Mississippi 5th Legrand W. Perce (R)
Texas 1st Vacant Texas re-admitted into the Union George W. Whitmore (R) March 30, 1870
Texas 2nd John C. Conner (D) March 31, 1870
Texas 3rd William T. Clark (R)
Texas 4th Edward Degener (R)
Louisiana 4th Vacant Contested election with Michael Ryan. House declared neither was entitled to seat. Elected to seat thus caused Joseph P. Newsham (R) May 23, 1870
South Carolina 4th Vacant Contested election with William D. Simpson. Simpson was never seated. House declared Wallace entitled to seat. Alexander S. Wallace (R) May 27, 1870
Louisiana 1st Vacant Contested election with Louis St. Martin. House declared neither was entitled to seat. Elected to seat thus caused J. Hale Sypher (R) November 7, 1870
Georgia 1st Vacant Vacancy caused by House declaring Joseph W. Clift not entitled to seat William W. Paine (D) December 22, 1870
Georgia 2nd Vacancy caused by House declaring Nelson Tift not entitled to seat Richard H. Whiteley (R)
Georgia 3rd Vacancy caused by House declaring William P. Edwards not entitled to seat Marion Bethune (R)
Georgia 4th Vacancy caused by House declaring Samuel F. Gove not entitled to seat Jefferson F. Long (R)
Georgia 5th Vacancy caused by House declaring Charles H. Prince not entitled to seat Stephen A. Corker (D)
Georgia 6th Failure to elect William P. Price (D)
Georgia 7th Vacancy caused by House declaring Pierce M. B. Young not entitled to seat. He was subsequently elected to fill the vacancy thus caused Pierce M. B. Young (D)
Illinois 3rd Elihu B. Washburne (R) Resigned March 6, 1869 after being appointed United States Secretary of State Horatio C. Burchard (R) December 6, 1869
Massachusetts 7th George S. Boutwell (R) Resigned March 12, 1869 after being appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury George M. Brooks (R) November 2, 1869
Pennsylvania 3rd John Moffet (D) Lost contested election April 9, 1869 Leonard Myers (R) April 9, 1869
Wisconsin 2nd Benjamin F. Hopkins (R) Died January 1, 1870 David Atwood (R) February 23, 1870
Ohio 10th Truman H. Hoag (D) Died February 5, 1870 Erasmus D. Peck (R) April 23, 1870
New York 11th George W. Greene (D) Lost contested election February 17, 1870 Charles Van Wyck (R) February 17, 1870
South Carolina 1st Benjamin F. Whittemore (R) Resigned February 24, 1870 pending an investigation of certain appointments to the US Military and Naval Academies Joseph Rainey (R) December 12, 1870
Kentucky 3rd Jacob Golladay (D) Resigned February 28, 1870 Joseph H. Lewis (D) May 10, 1870
North Carolina 4th John T. Deweese (R) Resigned February 28, 1870 pending an investigation of certain appointments to the US Military and Naval Academies John Manning, Jr. (D) December 7, 1870
Pennsylvania 5th John R. Reading (D) Lost contested election April 13, 1870 Caleb N. Taylor (R) April 13, 1870
North Carolina 2nd David Heaton (R) Died June 25, 1870 Joseph Dixon (R) December 5, 1870
New York 28th Noah Davis (R) Resigned July 15, 1870 before being appointed U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York Charles H. Holmes (R) December 6, 1870
Iowa 2nd William Smyth (R) Died September 30, 1870 William P. Wolf (R) December 6, 1870
Virginia 5th Robert Ridgway (C) Died October 16, 1870 Richard T. W. Duke (C) November 8, 1870
Ohio 3rd Robert C. Schenck (R) Resigned January 5, 1871 after being appointed U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom Vacant Not filled this Congress
Pennsylvania 21st John Covode (R) Died January 11, 1871 Vacant Not filled this Congress
Illinois At-large John A. Logan (R) Resigned at end of congress March 3, 1871 after being elected to the US Senate for the following term Vacant Not filled this Congress
Michigan 4th Thomas W. Ferry (R) Resigned at end of congress March 3, 1871 after being elected to the US Senate for the following term Vacant Not filled this Congress

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]