41st parallel north

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Line across the Earth
41°
41st parallel north

The 41st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 41 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 15 hours, 8 minutes during the summer solstice and 9 hours, 13 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

Around the world[edit]

Starting at the prime meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 41° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
41°0′N 0°0′E / 41.000°N 0.000°E / 41.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian)  Spain
41°0′N 0°56′E / 41.000°N 0.933°E / 41.000; 0.933 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea
41°0′N 8°13′E / 41.000°N 8.217°E / 41.000; 8.217 (Italy)  Italy Island of Asinara
41°0′N 8°16′E / 41.000°N 8.267°E / 41.000; 8.267 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Gulf of Asinara
41°0′N 8°52′E / 41.000°N 8.867°E / 41.000; 8.867 (Italy)  Italy Island of Sardinia
41°0′N 9°39′E / 41.000°N 9.650°E / 41.000; 9.650 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Tyrrhenian Sea - passing just north of the Pontine Islands,  Italy
41°0′N 13°57′E / 41.000°N 13.950°E / 41.000; 13.950 (Italy)  Italy
41°0′N 17°12′E / 41.000°N 17.200°E / 41.000; 17.200 (Adriatic Sea) Adriatic Sea
41°0′N 19°28′E / 41.000°N 19.467°E / 41.000; 19.467 (Albania)  Albania The border with Macedonia is in Lake Ohrid
41°0′N 20°42′E / 41.000°N 20.700°E / 41.000; 20.700 (Macedonia)  Macedonia
41°0′N 21°51′E / 41.000°N 21.850°E / 41.000; 21.850 (Greece)  Greece
41°0′N 26°20′E / 41.000°N 26.333°E / 41.000; 26.333 (Turkey)  Turkey Passing through the Sea of Marmara, and through Istanbul
41°0′N 37°52′E / 41.000°N 37.867°E / 41.000; 37.867 (Black Sea) Black Sea
41°0′N 38°47′E / 41.000°N 38.783°E / 41.000; 38.783 (Turkey)  Turkey
41°0′N 39°46′E / 41.000°N 39.767°E / 41.000; 39.767 (Black Sea) Black Sea
41°0′N 40°20′E / 41.000°N 40.333°E / 41.000; 40.333 (Turkey)  Turkey
41°0′N 43°32′E / 41.000°N 43.533°E / 41.000; 43.533 (Armenia)  Armenia
41°0′N 45°10′E / 41.000°N 45.167°E / 41.000; 45.167 (Azerbaijan)  Azerbaijan Barkhudali exclave
41°0′N 45°13′E / 41.000°N 45.217°E / 41.000; 45.217 (Armenia)  Armenia
41°0′N 45°24′E / 41.000°N 45.400°E / 41.000; 45.400 (Azerbaijan)  Azerbaijan
41°0′N 49°13′E / 41.000°N 49.217°E / 41.000; 49.217 (Caspian Sea) Caspian Sea
41°0′N 52°57′E / 41.000°N 52.950°E / 41.000; 52.950 (Turkmenistan)  Turkmenistan
41°0′N 61°58′E / 41.000°N 61.967°E / 41.000; 61.967 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan
41°0′N 68°4′E / 41.000°N 68.067°E / 41.000; 68.067 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
41°0′N 68°31′E / 41.000°N 68.517°E / 41.000; 68.517 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan For about 7 km
41°0′N 68°36′E / 41.000°N 68.600°E / 41.000; 68.600 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan For about 12 km
41°0′N 68°45′E / 41.000°N 68.750°E / 41.000; 68.750 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan
41°0′N 70°24′E / 41.000°N 70.400°E / 41.000; 70.400 (Tajikistan)  Tajikistan For about 10 km
41°0′N 70°31′E / 41.000°N 70.517°E / 41.000; 70.517 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan
41°0′N 72°30′E / 41.000°N 72.500°E / 41.000; 72.500 (Kyrgyzstan)  Kyrgyzstan
41°0′N 76°50′E / 41.000°N 76.833°E / 41.000; 76.833 (China)  People's Republic of China Xinjiang
41°0′N 77°30′E / 41.000°N 77.500°E / 41.000; 77.500 (Kyrgyzstan)  Kyrgyzstan For about 7 km
41°0′N 77°35′E / 41.000°N 77.583°E / 41.000; 77.583 (China)  People's Republic of China Xinjiang
Gansu
Inner Mongolia — passing about 20 km (12 mi) north of Hohhot
Hebei
Beijing - for about 7 km
Hebei
Liaoning
Jilin
41°0′N 126°5′E / 41.000°N 126.083°E / 41.000; 126.083 (North Korea)  North Korea
41°0′N 129°43′E / 41.000°N 129.717°E / 41.000; 129.717 (Sea of Japan) Sea of Japan
41°0′N 140°19′E / 41.000°N 140.317°E / 41.000; 140.317 (Japan)  Japan Island of Honshū
Aomori Prefecture
41°0′N 141°23′E / 41.000°N 141.383°E / 41.000; 141.383 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
41°0′N 124°7′W / 41.000°N 124.117°W / 41.000; -124.117 (United States)  United States California
Nevada
Utah
Wyoming / Utah border
Wyoming / Colorado border
Nebraska / Colorado border
Nebraska
Iowa
Illinois
Indiana
Ohio
Pennsylvania
New Jersey
New York
Connecticut - for about 1 km
41°0′N 73°39′W / 41.000°N 73.650°W / 41.000; -73.650 (Long Island Sound) Long Island Sound
41°0′N 72°35′W / 41.000°N 72.583°W / 41.000; -72.583 (United States)  United States New York - Long Island
41°0′N 72°0′W / 41.000°N 72.000°W / 41.000; -72.000 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
41°0′N 8°39′W / 41.000°N 8.650°W / 41.000; -8.650 (Portugal)  Portugal Passing about 20km south of Porto
41°0′N 6°54′W / 41.000°N 6.900°W / 41.000; -6.900 (Spain)  Spain

United States[edit]

The 41st parallel north defining borders between states in the United States.

In the United States, the parallel defines the southernmost border of Wyoming (bordering Utah and Colorado), and part of the border between Nebraska and Colorado.

In 1606, King James I of England created the Colony of Virginia. He gave the London Company the right to "begin theire plantacions and habitacions in some fitt and conveniente place between fower and thirtie and one and fortie degrees of the said latitude all alongest the coaste of Virginia and coastes of America." The Jamestown Settlement was established roughly at the midpoint of that territory. The later Pilgrim (Plymouth Colony) settlers originally bound for the northern portion of the Virginia territory. Instead, they landed north of the 41st parallel on Cape Cod, where they had exclusive rights to the land under the charter for the Plymouth Colony.[2]

As originally set by King Charles II of England in 1664, the point at which the 41st parallel crosses the Hudson River marks the northeastern border of New Jersey with New York. New Jersey's northern border then proceeds northwest to the easternmost point of the Delaware River.

The 41st parallel was also one of the principal baselines used for surveying a portion of lands in Ohio. This marked the southern boundary of the Connecticut Western Reserve and the Firelands using the western boundary with Pennsylvania as the principal meridian. It also served as the baseline for a later survey of Ohio land north of the Greenville Treaty line up to the Fulton line which was the original boundary between Michigan and Ohio under the Northwest Ordinance (see the Toledo Strip). The later survey used the boundary with Indiana as the meridian.

See also[edit]

References[edit]