42 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 2nd century BC1st century BC1st century
Decades: 70s BC  60s BC  50s BC  – 40s BC –  30s BC  20s BC  10s BC
Years: 45 BC 44 BC 43 BC42 BC41 BC 40 BC 39 BC
42 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 42 BC
Ab urbe condita 712
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4709
Bahá'í calendar −1885 – −1884
Bengali calendar −634
Berber calendar 909
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 503
Burmese calendar −679
Byzantine calendar 5467–5468
Chinese calendar 戊寅(Earth Tiger)
2655 or 2595
    — to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
2656 or 2596
Coptic calendar −325 – −324
Discordian calendar 1125
Ethiopian calendar −49 – −48
Hebrew calendar 3719–3720
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 15–16
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 3060–3061
Holocene calendar 9959
Igbo calendar −1041 – −1040
Iranian calendar 663 BP – 662 BP
Islamic calendar 683 BH – 682 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar 42 BC
Korean calendar 2292
Minguo calendar 1953 before ROC
民前1953年
Thai solar calendar 502
First Battle of Philippi (October 3, 42 BC)
Second Battle of Philippi (October 23, 42 BC)


Year 42 BC was either a common year starting on Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday or a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Proleptic Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lepidus and Plancus (or, less frequently, year 712 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 42 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

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