Times Square – 42nd Street / Port Authority Bus Terminal (New York City Subway)

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"Times Square Station" redirects here. For other uses, see Times Square Station (disambiguation).
Times Square – 42nd Street / Port Authority Bus Terminal
NYCS 1 NYCS 2 NYCS 3 NYCS 7 NYCS 7d NYCS A NYCS C NYCS E NYCS N NYCS Q NYCS R 42nd Street Shuttle
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Times Square-42nd Street Entrance.JPG
Entrance to the station at 42nd Street & 7th Avenue
Station statistics
Address West 42nd Street, Broadway, Seventh, & Eighth Avenues
New York, NY 10036
Borough Manhattan
Locale Times Square, Midtown Manhattan
Coordinates 40°45′22″N 73°59′13″W / 40.756°N 73.987°W / 40.756; -73.987Coordinates: 40°45′22″N 73°59′13″W / 40.756°N 73.987°W / 40.756; -73.987
Division A (IRT), B (BMT, IND)
Line IRT 42nd Street Shuttle
BMT Broadway Line
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
IND Eighth Avenue Line
IRT Flushing Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
      2 all times (all times)
      3 all times (all times)
      7 all times (all times) <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction)
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
      N all times (all times)
      Q all times (all times)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
      S all except late nights (all except late nights)
Connection Port Authority Bus Terminal
Levels 5
Other information
Opened June 3, 1917; 97 years ago (1917-06-03)[1]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (all except 42nd Street Shuttle; passageway between 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal and rest of complex is not accessible)
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 63,617,614 (complex)[2] Increase 2.6%
Rank 1 out of 421

Times Square – 42nd Street / Port Authority Bus Terminal is a large New York City Subway station complex located under Times Square and the Port Authority Bus Terminal, at the intersection of 42nd Street, Seventh and Eighth Avenues, and Broadway in Midtown Manhattan. It is the busiest complex in the system, serving 63,617,614 passengers in 2013.[2]

The complex allows free transfers between the IRT 42nd Street Shuttle, the BMT Broadway Line, the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and the IRT Flushing Line, with a long transfer to the IND Eighth Avenue Line one block west at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal. The complex is served by the:

  • 1, 2, 3, 7, A, E, N, and Q trains at all times
  • C and R trains, and the 42nd Street Shuttle at all times except late nights
  • <7> trains during rush hours in the peak direction


IRT 42nd Street Shuttle platforms[edit]

Times Square
42nd Street Shuttle
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Shuttle Platform.jpg
Railings along the Times Square Shuttle platform
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT 42nd Street Shuttle
Services       S all except late nights (all except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 3 side platforms (all connected at west end)
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened October 27, 1904; 109 years ago (1904-10-27)[3]
Wireless service Wi-Fi[4]
Former/other names 42nd Street
Station succession
Next north Tracks 1 and 3: (Terminal): S all except late nights
Track 4: 50th Street: no regular service
Next south Grand Central: S all except late nights
The original station before reconfiguration

When it first opened in October 1904, Times Square was a local station on New York City's first subway. Three shuttle tracks have served it since 1918; the southbound express track was removed and replaced by a temporary wooden platform for access to the original northbound express track.

On both sides platforms are located (at the old local platforms) and where the southbound express track was; all three platforms connect on the west (railroad north) side. This walkway crosses the northbound local track on a bridge that can be lifted for the only access to that track, via a merge into the northbound IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line local track along the original subway alignment (north of the current Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line station). This track merge is only used for overnight swaps and special railfan excursion trains. The other three tracks once curved parallel to this.

Two of the three tracks end at bumper blocks at the west end of the platforms. Between the northbound local and the other tracks anywhere along the shuttle there is no track connection.

Because of the curvature on the platforms, gap fillers are used to bridge the gap between train and platform; however, the gap fillers are not suitable for wheelchair passengers, making the shuttle platforms virtually inaccessible to wheelchair users. Such passengers who need service to Grand Central must use the IRT Flushing Line platforms. An underpass that used to connect the original side platforms lies between the downtown local track and the other three tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, which runs perpendicular to the shuttle.

Tracks 1 and 3 have gap fillers. Track 4 does not have gap fillers because of the convex curve of the platform. Track 4 can barely fit the three cars of the shuttle; it originally ended at a wall but now has a small extension for alighting passengers, so the last pair of doors of the train on the platform can only have one panel open for safety. Track 3 can accommodate the most cars, with space for a fifth car.


IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line platforms[edit]

Times Square – 42nd Street
NYCS 1 NYCS 2 NYCS 3
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Times Square-42nd Street (Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line).jpg
Downtown platform for the 1 train (right) and Express 2 and 3 trains (left)
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
      2 all times (all times)
      3 all times (all times)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened June 3, 1917; 97 years ago (1917-06-03)[1]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Transfer accessible to BMT Broadway Line and IRT Flushing Line platforms only)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[4]
Station succession
Next north 50th Street (local): 1 all times 2 late nights
72nd Street (express): 2 all except late nights 3 all times
Next south 34th Street – Penn Station: 1 all times 2 all times 3 all except late nights
(Terminal): 3 late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 59th Street – Columbus Circle (local): 1 all times 2 late nights
72nd Street (express): 2 all except late nights 3 all times
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 34th Street – Penn Station: 1 all times 2 all times 3 all except late nights
none: 3 late nights

Times Square – 42nd Street is an express station on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line, with four tracks and two island platforms. The outer tracks are served by the 1 local train, while the two inner tracks are served by the 2 and 3 express trains, the former of which during late nights runs local and uses the outer tracks. Access to the other lines is provided at the northern end and in the center of each platform. An elevator was recently installed and is now in operation, but there are very few signs in the station complex indicating its location.

Just south of the station, a fifth center track begins, formed by a connection from each express track. This track splits back into the two express tracks just before 34th Street – Penn Station. This center track was used in the past for turning rush hour "Gap Trains", which would head back up to The Bronx rather than Lower Manhattan or Brooklyn. It is currently used for turning 3 trains, which short turn here during late nights.[5]

This section was the site of a 1928 wreck that killed 16 people, the second worst in New York City history (the worst being the Malbone Street Wreck in Brooklyn, which killed at least 93.)


BMT Broadway Line platforms[edit]

Times Square – 42nd Street
NYCS N NYCS Q NYCS R
New York City Subway rapid transit station
42st NQRW.jpeg
Uptown platform
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Broadway Line
Services       N all times (all times)
      Q all times (all times)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened January 5, 1918; 96 years ago (1918-01-05)[6]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Transfer accessible to IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line & IRT Flushing Line platforms only)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[4]
Station succession
Next north 49th Street (local): N all times Q weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all except late nights
57th Street – Seventh Avenue (express): Q late nights and weekends
Next south 34th Street – Herald Square: N all times Q all times R all except late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 49th Street: N all times Q weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all except late nights (northbound only; via local)
Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street: under construction
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 34th Street – Herald Square: N all times Q all times R all except late nights

Times Square – 42nd Street is an express station on the BMT Broadway Line that has four tracks and two island platforms. The N and R trains stop on the outer local tracks. The Q train stops on the local track during weekdays when it operates to and from Queens, switching over to the express track south of this station. The Q stops on the center express tracks when it short turns at 57th Street – Seventh Avenue on nights and weekends. Connections to the other lines are at the northern end of the platforms. This station received a minor overhaul in the late 1970s when MTA fixed the station's structure and the overall appearance, and it repaired staircases and platform edges, removed pedestrian ramps, and replaced lighting. In 2004-2006, the station received a major overhaul and repairs, including upgrading the station for ADA compliance and restoring the original late 1910s tiling. MTA repaired the staircases, retiled the walls, added new tiling on the floors, upgraded the station's lights and the public address system, installed ADA yellow safety treads along the platform edge, and installed new signs and new trackbeds in both directions.

The express tracks north of the station spread out to pass around a crossunder in the Times Square shuttle platforms. This crossunder was sealed off in the 1960s.

"42" monogram mosaic

On June 1, 1940, the title of the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation was transferred to the City of New York, signifying the first phase of unification of New York's subway system with the Independent Subway System as well as eventual public operation of the entire system. (The Interborough Rapid Transit Company would be merged on June 15 of the same year.) At midnight, a ceremony commemorating the transfer, with five hundred people in attendance, was held at the Times Square station. The last BMT train had left the 57th Street station five minutes earlier. When the train arrived at Times Square, BMT president William S. Menden handed over his company's properties to Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia, who then gave them to New York City Board of Transportation chairman John H. Delaney. The Board of Transportation operated the New York City Transit System until the creation of the New York City Transit Authority in 1953.[7]


IRT Flushing Line platform[edit]

Times Square
NYCS 7 NYCS 7d
New York City Subway rapid transit station
R62A's at Times Square.jpg
The IRT Flushing Line Platform
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Flushing Line
Services       7 all times (all times) <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction)
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened March 14, 1927; 87 years ago (1927-03-14)[8]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Transfer accessible to IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and BMT Broadway Line platforms only)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[4]
Station succession
Next north Fifth Avenue: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction
Next south (Terminal): 7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction
34th Street: future


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Grand Central: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction
Next Handicapped/disabled access south none: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction
34th Street: future
Tracks leading to the station

Times Square is the terminal for all 7 <7> service. It has one island platform between the two tracks located deep below West 41st Street.

Stairs, escalators, and an elevator along the platform lead to various mezzanines. There are "TS" tile mosaics along the station walls. An office is located at the north (compass east) end of the platform. An elevator was recently installed and connects with the Downtown IRT Seventh Avenue platform and then the mezzanine. The elevators make this platform, along with the platform at Grand Central accessible to wheelchair passengers (unlike the shuttle platforms, which are not accessible to wheelchairs).

The tracks continue south (compass west) beyond the station to a formerly unused storage and layover area. The extension of the Flushing Line, whose trackwork was completed in late 2013, saw third rails being added, and the tracks inspected or replaced before they are opened to revenue service.[9] The closed lower level platform at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal on the IND Eighth Avenue Line was blocking the line but has been removed.[10]


IND Eighth Avenue Line platforms[edit]

42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal
NYCS A NYCS C NYCS E
New York City Subway rapid transit station
42nd Street-PABT Entrance.JPG
Southeastern stair
Station statistics
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened September 10, 1932; 82 years ago (1932-09-10)[11] (upper level)
1959; 55 years ago (1959) (lower level)
Closed 1981; 33 years ago (1981) (lower level)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (passageway to other services not accessible)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[4]
Station succession
Next north 50th Street (local): A late nights C all except late nights
59th Street – Columbus Circle (express): A all except late nights
50th Street (Queens Boulevard): E all times
Next south 34th Street – Penn Station: A all times C all except late nights E all times


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 59th Street – Columbus Circle (8th Ave): A all times C all except late nights
Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street (Queens Boulevard): E all times
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 34th Street – Penn Station: A all times C all except late nights E all times

42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal is an express station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line. It is partly underneath the Port Authority Bus Terminal. It has one platform level, two offset island platforms, and a long mezzanine. Formerly, it also had a lower level with a single side platform. During daytime hours, A trains stops at the center express tracks, while C and E trains stop at the outer local tracks. During late night hours, all service is on the local tracks.

Platform level[edit]

The platform level of the station contains four tracks and two island platforms; the northbound platform extends from 42nd to 44th Streets, while the southbound platform extends from 40th to 42nd Streets. The station's mezzanine extends four blocks from 40th to 44th Streets. [12]

Wall mosaics

Former lower level[edit]

In addition to the level currently in use, there was formerly a lower platform on the southbound side (one track underneath the downtown local track on the upper level, and one side platform underneath the island platform above). The lower level was built together with the upper level platforms in the late 1920s/early 1930s, but was not used until 1959 when the lower level platform opened. Even then, the lower level platform was only used for occasional service specials, including the Aqueduct Racetrack special fare trains from 1959 to 1981, and rush hour E trains in the 1970s.[13][14]

Theories differ on why the lower level platform was built. The platform could only be reached by trains running to or from Queens via 53rd Street (the current E service). Some commentators have speculated that this was meant to allow trains to hold Queens-bound trains at 42nd Street without slowing down service on the A and C trains.[14] Others have suggested that the lower level platform was built to prevent the IRT Flushing Line from being extended westward. The IRT company's 7 <7> trains terminated at nearby Times Square – 42nd Street, with the IND Eighth Avenue lower level platform located just beyond the tail tracks on the IRT platform.[12][14][15]

Film producers have used the lower level platform for several films, most notably Ghost (1990), starring Patrick Swayze and Demi Moore.[13][14]

In the late 2000s, the MTA began construction on a planned extension of the IRT Flushing Line to 34th Street, which would require demolishing the IND Eighth Avenue lower level platform.[14] As of January 2010, the lower level platform was being demolished as part of the Flushing Line extension.[16] Transit blogger Benjamin Kabak, who was invited to tour the Flushing Line extension and view construction progress, reported in February 2012 that the lower level platform had been "bisected" by the Flushing Line extension.[17] The tunnels slope down through where the old lower level platform was.[15]


Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
B1 Upper Mezzanines Fare control, station agent, 42nd Street Shuttle platforms (Times Square), shops (Port Authority Bus Terminal)
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevators located:
  • on the SE corner of Seventh Avenue and 42nd Street for NYCS 1 NYCS 2 NYCS 3 NYCS 7 NYCS 7d NYCS N NYCS Q NYCS R trains only.
  • inside north wing of bus terminal at Eighth Avenue between 41st Street and 42nd Street, near airport bus ticket office for NYCS A NYCS C NYCS E trains only.

Note: Passageway between IND platforms and rest of the complex is a steep grade)

Side platform, doors will open on the right
Track 4 42nd Street Shuttle toward Grand Central – 42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
Track 3 42nd Street Shuttle toward Grand Central – 42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
Side platform, doors will open on the left
Track 1 42nd Street Shuttle toward Grand Central – 42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
Side platform, doors will open on the left
B2
Eighth
Avenue
Line
platforms
Southbound local NYCS C toward Euclid Avenue (NYCS A toward Far Rockaway late nights) (34th Street – Penn Station (Eighth))
NYCS E toward World Trade Center (34th Street – Penn Station (Eighth))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS A toward Lefferts Boulevard or Far Rockaway (all except nights), or Rockaway Park (PM rush) (34th Street – Penn Station (Eighth))
Northbound express NYCS A toward 207th Street (59th Street – Columbus Circle)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS C toward 168th Street (NYCS A toward 207th Street late nights) (50th Street (Eighth))
NYCS E toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer (50th Street (Eighth))
B2
Broadway –
Seventh
Avenue
Line
platforms
Southbound local NYCS 1 toward South Ferry (NYCS 2 toward Brooklyn College late nights) (34th Street – Penn Station (Broadway – Seventh))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS 2 toward Brooklyn College (34th Street – Penn Station (Broadway – Seventh))
NYCS 3 toward New Lots Avenue (all except nights) (34th Street – Penn Station (Broadway – Seventh))
NYCS 3 alighting passengers only (late nights)
Northbound express NYCS 2 toward Wakefield – 241st Street (72nd Street)
NYCS 3 toward Harlem – 148th Street (72nd Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS 1 toward 242nd Street (NYCS 2 toward 241st Street late nights) (50th Street (Broadway – Seventh))
B2
Broadway
Line
platforms
Southbound local NYCS N toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue via Sea Beach (NYCS Q via Brighton weekdays) (34th Street – Herald Square)
NYCS R toward Bay Ridge – 95th Street (34th Street – Herald Square)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS Q toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue via Brighton (weekends) (34th Street – Herald Square)
Northbound express NYCS Q toward 57th Street – Seventh Avenue (weekends) (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS N (NYCS Q weekdays) toward Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard (49th Street)
NYCS R toward Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (49th Street)
B3 Lower Mezzanine Passageway up to NYCS A NYCS C NYCS E mezzanine (level B1)
B4 Track 1 NYCS 7 (NYCS 7d rush hours) toward Flushing – Main Street (Fifth Avenue)
NYCS 7 NYCS 7d (under construction) toward 34th Street (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Track 2 NYCS 7 (NYCS 7d planned) toward Flushing – Main Street (Fifth Avenue)

The IRT platforms have been connected to each other as a transfer station as the lines opened: first between the 42nd Street Shuttle and the Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line in 1918, then the transfer was incorporated with the Flushing Line in 1927. The free transfer between the IRT and BMT was added on July 1, 1948.[18] The block-long passageway that runs west to the 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line was opened within fare control on December 11, 1988. Since 1991, this passageway has contained a piece of public art inspired by the Burma-Shave ads; Norman B. Colp's The Commuter's Lament, or A Close Shave consists of a series of signs attached to the roof of the passageway, reading:

Entrance

Overslept,
So tired.
If late,
Get fired.
Why bother?
Why the pain?
Just go home
Do it again.

with the last panel being a picture of a bed. The panels were part of an art project that was supposed to last only one year, but was never removed.[19]

This station underwent total reconstruction in stages starting in 1994.[citation needed] The reconstruction included a new entryway on the south side of 42nd Street between Seventh Avenue and Broadway, featuring a bright neon and colored glass flashing sign with the train route symbols and the word "Subway". The street level fare control at this site features restored original "Times Square" mosaics from the Contract I station walls (now used by the shuttle), and both escalators and stairs lead into the complex. There are also similar renovated entrances on the northwest and southwest corners of Seventh Avenue and 42nd Street, the latter of which has both escalators and stairs, while the former has only stairs.

In 1999, a US$44 million renovation of the complex began.[citation needed] The goal was to reduce congestion and improve rider access, comfort and safety by improving visual lines and increasing pedestrian capacity. The main corridor was widened 15 feet (4.6 m), and the number of sharp corners reduced; ADA accessibility was introduced with elevators; new escalators; and other corridors were widened. The mezzanine above the BMT Broadway Line, formerly a record shop, now features a large oval balcony looking over the trackway and has reduced the sense of claustrophobia described by many riders. In 2004, four unisex stall bathrooms were opened on the mezzanine between the IRT and BMT lines; they are staffed and maintained by employees of the Times Square Alliance, the local Business Improvement District. The record shop re-opened in 2007 on the south side of the IRT/BMT corridor.

The mezzanine has been a major featured spot for subway performers ever since the opening of the station. "Music Under New York" controls the spot, which is located by the escalators, opposite the shuttle to Grand Central. Musicians of all types, from musical saw to a brass band, perform there daily.[citation needed]

Relative depths[edit]

The relative depths of the station's platforms are:[20]

Artwork[edit]

George Lewis Heins and Christopher Grant Lafarge were the first commissioned architects of the IRT. They designed the original Times Square Station, which was located at the current Grand Central Shuttle stop.

In many of their stations, Heins and LaFarge use symbolic imagery to honor a neighborhood or its namesake. When Squire Vickers took over as chief designer and architect of the IRT in 1906, he continued this tradition of using symbolism to speak to a station's history.

The colored tile trim of the Times Square subway station bears an uncanny resemblance to the Confederate Battle Flag.[21] Scholars believe that Vickers and his colleagues unmistakably reference the symbol of the South to pay homage to New York Times owner Adolph S. Ochs.[22] The Confederacy was a significant part of Ochs' heritage, and the eccentric Vickers relished literary and historical imagery.[23] Times Square was named for the New York Times, whose headquarters, built by the Southerner Ochs, housed the original subway station in its basement.

Modern artwork installed in the complex includes the following:

  • New York in Transit by Jacob Lawrence, 2001
  • The Return of Spring/The Onset of Winter by Jack Beal, 2001/2005
  • Times Square Mural by Roy Lichtenstein, 2002 (collage 1990, fabricated 1994)
  • Times Square Times: 35 Times by Toby Buonagurio, 2005
  • The Revelers by Jane Dickson, 2008

New York in Transit was Lawrence's last public work before his 2000 death.[24] Lichtenstein completed Times Square Mural in 1994, but installation was delayed until after the station complex's renovation, during which Lichtenstein died in 1997.[25]

Foiled terrorist attack[edit]

Najibullah Zazi and alleged co-conspirators were arrested in September 2009 as part of an al-Qaeda Islamist plan to engage in suicide bombings on trains in the New York City subway system, including near the Times Square station, during rush hour that month, and Zazi has pled guilty.[26][27][28][29]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b New York Times, Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened, June 3, 1917, page 33
  2. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-04-06. 
  3. ^ New York Times, Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It, October 28, 1904
  4. ^ a b c d e Wireless Service Arrives At 30 Additional Underground Subway Stations
  5. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  6. ^ New York Times, Open New Subway to Times Square, January 6, 1918
  7. ^ Hood, Clifton (2004). 722 Miles: The Building of the Subways and How They Transformed New York (Centennial ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 238–239. ISBN 0-8018-8054-8. 
  8. ^ New York Times, New Queens Subway Opened to Times Sq., March 15, 1927, page 1
  9. ^ "View of Tunnel from station platform showing sign indicating no third rail power". Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  10. ^ Mindlin, Alex (2008-04-20). "No Whoosh, No ‘All Aboard’". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  11. ^ New York Times, List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line, September 10, 1932, page 6
  12. ^ a b "Station: 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal (8th Avenue)". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  13. ^ a b Mindlin, Alex (2008-04-20). "No Whoosh, No ‘All Aboard’". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Kabak, Benjamin (2008-04-21). "With the 7 on the way, a swan song for a Times Square platform". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  15. ^ a b Picture of lower level alongside new Flushing line tunnels
  16. ^ Donohue, Pete (2009-06-20). "Abandoned No More: 2nd Life Drilled into Old 7 Subway Platform". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  17. ^ Kabak, Benjamin (2012-02-12). "Photos: Inside the 7 line extension". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  18. ^ New York Times, Transfer Points Under Higher Fare, June 30, 1948, page 19
  19. ^ "Artwork: "The Commuter's Lament/A Close Shave", Norman B. Colp (1991)". Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  20. ^ nycsubway.org—IND 8th Avenue: 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal
  21. ^ Confederate Flags in Times Square?
  22. ^ Jackowe, David J. "The Times Square Confederate." Civil War Times; Aug 2012, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p. 42. http://www.historynet.com/confederate-flags-in-times-square.htm
  23. ^ Underground Renaissance Man: Watch the Aesthetic Walls, Please
  24. ^ "Times Square Subway Mural Unveiled" (Press release). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2001-11-07. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  25. ^ Carol Vogel. "Times Square Mural". The Roy Lichtenstein Foundation. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  26. ^ Zraik, Karen; Johnston, David (September 15, 2009). "Man in Queens Raids Denies Any Terrorist Link". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2009. 
  27. ^ Johnston, David; Baker, Al (September 18, 2009). "Denver Man Admits to a Possible Al Qaeda Connection, Officials Say". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2009. 
  28. ^ Johnston, David; Rashbaum, William K. (September 20, 2009). "Terror Suspect Had Bomb Guide, Authorities Say". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2009. 
  29. ^ Zazi Reveals Details Of Foiled Terror Plot - retrieved from NY1 local news channel on 04/12/2010

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]