42nd Street (musical)
Original Broadway Cast Recording
|Basis||Novel by Bradford Ropes|
|Premiere||August 25, 1980 – Winter Garden Theatre|
1984 West End
2001 Broadway revival
2007 UK Tour
2007-2008 Asian Tour
2012 UK Tour
|Awards||Tony Award for Best Musical
Olivier Award for Best Musical
Evening Standard for Best Musical
Tony Award for Best Revival
Drama Desk Outstanding Revival
42nd Street is a musical with a book by Michael Stewart and Mark Bramble, lyrics by Al Dubin, and music by Harry Warren. The 1980 Broadway production, directed by an ailing Gower Champion and orchestrated by Philip J. Lang, won the Tony Award for Best Musical and became a long-running hit. The show was produced in London in 1984 (winning the Olivier Award for Best Musical) and its 2001 Broadway revival won the Tony for Best Revival.
Based on the novel by Bradford Ropes and the subsequent 1933 film adaptation, it focuses on the efforts of famed dictatorial Great White Way director Julian Marsh to mount a successful stage production of a musical extravaganza at the height of the Great Depression.
Producer David Merrick "took a huge gamble with his $3 million production based on the 1933 Warner Brothers film musical", as "only one other show had made the transfer from original movie musical to the stage -- 'Gigi,' a flop in 1974." He felt audiences once again were ready to embrace the nostalgia craze started by the successful revivals of No, No, Nanette, Irene, and his own Very Good Eddie several years earlier, and augmented the familiar songs from the film's soundtrack with a liberal dose of popular tunes from the Dubin-Warren catalogue. According to theater historian John Kenrick, "When the curtain slowly rose to reveal forty pairs of tap-dancing feet, the star-studded opening night audience at the Winter Garden cheered...Champion (who had no tap training) followed this number with a series of tap-infused extravaganzas larger and more polished than anything Broadway really had in the 1930s."
- Original Broadway
In June 1980, the musical premiered in out-of-town tryouts at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C. After six previews, the Broadway production opened on August 25, 1980 at the Winter Garden Theatre, eventually moving to the Majestic and then the St. James, closing after 3,486 performances. (Frank Rich called this a sign of the "shift of power" on Broadway, as the show had to leave the Winter Garden to make way for Cats and the Majestic to accommodate The Phantom of the Opera.) The original cast included Jerry Orbach as Julian Marsh, Tammy Grimes as Dorothy Brock, Wanda Richert as Peggy Sawyer, and Lee Roy Reams as Billy Lawlor. Replacements later in the run included Barry Nelson and Don Chastain and Jamie Ross who played Julian for the last 3 years of its Broadway run, Elizabeth Allen, Dolores Gray and Millicent Martin as Dorothy, and Lisa Brown and Karen Ziemba as Peggy. The show's designers, Robin Wagner (sets), Theoni V. Aldredge (costumes), and Tharon Musser (lights) were the same team who had designed the original Broadway production of A Chorus Line. The musical is the 14th longest running show in Broadway history, as of April 2014.
This Tony nominated wardrobe, designed by Theoni V. Aldredge, is on display at the Wick Theatre and Costume Museum in Boca Raton, Florida.
However, the opening night triumph was overshadowed by tragedy. Following a lengthy standing ovation, Merrick went onstage and stated, "It is tragic...Gower Champion died this afternoon." He went on to explain that Champion had died of cancer just hours before the performance, "when he said that Mr. Champion had died, there were gasps and screams." The producer had advised only Bramble of Champion's death and managed to keep the news a secret from the cast (including Richert, the director's girlfriend), crew, and the public prior to his announcement.
42nd Street proved to be not only Champion's last show but Merrick's final success. Merrick lived until 2000, but, as described by Anthony Bianco, 42nd Street "was his last big hit, his swan song."
- West End - 1984
The West End production opened at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane on August 8, 1984. The career of teenaged Catherine Zeta-Jones, a chorus member in the 1984 West End production, was launched when a vacation and an illness felled both the actress portraying Peggy Sawyer and her understudy on a night one of the producers happened to be in the audience. Zeta-Jones filled in and was impressive enough to be cast permanently in the role shortly afterward.
- Broadway revival - 2001
Bramble revised the book for and directed the Broadway revival, with choreography by Randy Skinner (dance assistant for the original production). It opened, after 31 previews, on May 2, 2001 at the Foxwoods Theatre (formerly the Ford Center for the Performing Arts), where it ran for 1,524 performances. The cast included Michael Cumpsty as Julian, Christine Ebersole as Dorothy, Kate Levering as Peggy, and David Elder as Billy. Meredith Patterson, who made her Broadway musical debut in the chorus and was the understudy for the role of Peggy Sawyer, took over the role in August 2001. Todd Lattimore, who was a swing and understudy took over the role of Billy. Other notable replacements included Patrick Cassidy and Tom Wopat as Julian and Shirley Jones and Beth Leavel as Dorothy.
- UK Tour - 2007
The Broadway revival production, by UK Productions, toured the UK in 2007. The cast included Paul Nicholas as Julian for the first part of the tour, later replaced by Dave Willetts, Julia J Nagle as Dorothy, Jessica Punch as Peggy and Ashley Nottingham as Billy.
- Asian Tour - 2007-08
An Asian tour of the Broadway revival played major venues throughout China and South Korea, with an English speaking company directed by Mark Bramble. The cast included Paul Gregory Nelson as Julian, Natalie Buster as Dorothy, Kristen Martin as Peggy, and Charles MacEachern as Billy.
- Regional - 2009
A production directed by director/choreographer Randy Skinner made its debut at the Westchester Broadway Theatre in Elmsford, New York on September 24, 2009 through February 2010. A one-act condensed version played for several months at the Reno Eldorado Hotel, Reno, Nevada showroom using recorded music track, closing in October 2009.
A brand new production was staged for the Chichester Festival at the Chichester Festival Theatre in summer 2011. It was directed by Paul Kerryson withg new choreography by Andrew Wright and starred Kathryn Evans as Dorothy and Tim Flavin as Julian. This production transferred to Curve in Leicester for the Christmas 2011 season (breaking all previous box office records for the theatre). Tim Flavin reprised his role, Ria Jones played Dorothy and Daisy Maywood portrayed Peggy.
- UK Tour - 2012
- Act I
Auditions for 1933's newest show, Pretty Lady, are nearly over when Peggy Sawyer, fresh off the bus from Allentown, Pennsylvania, arrives in New York City with valise in hand. Billy Lawlor, already cast as one of the juvenile leads, notices Peggy and hopes to charm her into accepting a date with him. He informs her she has missed the audition but he can help her bypass that process, but choreographer Andy Lee has no time for Billy's latest conquest and tells her, "Amscray, toots." Embarrassed and flustered, Peggy rushes off, only to slam right into director Julian Marsh himself.
One-time star Dorothy Brock, indignant at being asked to audition for a role, is reassured by Bert that he merely wants to make sure the songs are in her key. Despite his feeling Dorothy is a prima donna past her prime, he agrees to cast her in order to get financial backing from her wealthy beau Abner Dillon. Outside of the theatre, writer Maggie and chorus girls Anytime Annie, Phyllis, and Lorraine take pity on Peggy and invite her to join them for lunch and some advice. They encourage her to show them a dance routine that is witnessed by Julian, who decides there might be room for one more chorus girl after all.
Julian learns that Dorothy is seeing old boyfriend Pat Denning behind Abner's back. Knowing this could destroy the show's future, he decides to put an end to the affair. One phone call to an unsavory acquaintance and Denning is visited by a couple of thugs who convince him to break it off with Dorothy. Soon after the show's cast heads to Arch Street Theatre in Philadelphia for the out-of-town tryout.
On opening night, someone bumps Peggy who trips and crashes into Dorothy, knocking her to the stage. Julian fires the young chorine on the spot.
- Act II
Dorothy's ankle is broken, and the show may close. The chorus kids, certain Peggy could fill the lead role, find Julian and tell him that Peggy's a fresh young face who can sing and dance circles around Brock. Julian decides it is worth a shot and rushes off to the train station to catch Peggy before she departs.
At Philadelphia's fictional Broad Street Station, Julian apologizes to Peggy and asks her to stay and star in Pretty Lady, but she responds that she has had enough of show business and wants to go home to Allentown. Dumbfounded, Julian tries to coax her with the words "Come on along and listen to the lullaby of Broadway...." After the cast joins him in the serenade, Peggy decides to accept his offer.
Forced to learn the part in two days, Peggy is on the verge of a nervous breakdown when she has an unexpected visit from Dorothy, who has been watching the rehearsals and realizes beneath her nervous exterior, Peggy is good, "maybe even better than I would have been." She even offers a little friendly advice on how to perform the last song, "About a Quarter to Nine."
The opening night curtain is about to rise when Julian, who is completely in love with Peggy at this point, stops by for a last minute lip-lock and pep talk in which he utters the now iconic line, "You're going out there a youngster, but you've got to come back a star!" The show is a huge success sure to catapult Peggy into stardom. In addition, even though she is invited to and expected to attend the official opening night party, Peggy decides to go to the chorus party instead. Julian is left alone on stage with only a single ghost light casting his huge shadow on the back wall. He quietly begins to sing, "Come and meet those dancing feet on the avenue I'm taking you to... 42nd Street."
- Peggy Sawyer – Nervous but enthusiastic new chorus girl from Allentown, Pennsylvania
- Billy Lawlor – Leading tenor in Pretty Lady
- Dorothy Brock – Past her prime Prima Donna, renowned for inability to dance
- Julian Marsh – Famous, but notorious, director
- Maggie Jones – Co-writer and producer of Pretty Lady
- Bert Barry – Co-writer and producer of Pretty Lady
- Abner Dillon – Producer of "Pretty Lady"; Dorothy's "Sugar Daddy" and Texan admirer
- Andy Lee – Choreographer/Dance Director
- Pat Denning – Dorothy's former vaudeville partner and romantic interest
- Mac – Stage Manager
- Oscar – Onstage rehearsal pianist for the show "Pretty Lady"
- Ann “Anytime Annie” Reilly, Lorraine Flemming, Phyllis Dale, and Gladys – Experienced chorus girls who help Peggy
- Other small speaking roles (Thugs, waiter, etc.)
- Large Tap/Chorus Ensemble
- In the 2001 revival, a reprise of "Getting Out of Town" followed "Lullaby of Broadway" and "With Plenty of Money and You" followed "About a Quarter to Nine", "Keep Young and Beautiful" followed "Dames", and "I Only Have Eyes for You" followed "We're in the Money".
Awards and nominations
Original Broadway production
|1981||Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Musical||Nominated|||
|Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical||Lee Roy Reams||Nominated|
|Outstanding Choreography||Gower Champion||Won|
|Outstanding Costume Design||Theoni V. Aldredge||Won|
|Theatre World Award||Wanda Richert||Won|||
|Tony Award||Best Musical||Won|||
|Best Book of a Musical||Michael Stewart and Mark Bramble||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical||Lee Roy Reams||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical||Wanda Richert||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Musical||Gower Champion||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Theoni V. Aldredge||Nominated|
|Best Lighting Design||Tharon Musser||Nominated|
Original London production
|1984||Evening Standard Award||Best Musical||Won|||
|Laurence Olivier Award||Best New Musical||Won|||
|Actress of the Year in a Musical||Clare Leach||Nominated|
2001 Broadway revival
|2001||Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Revival of a Musical||Won|||
|Outstanding Actress in a Musical||Christine Ebersole||Nominated|
|Outstanding Choreography||Randy Skinner||Nominated|
|Outstanding Set Design||Douglas W. Schmidt||Nominated|
|Outstanding Costume Design||Roger Kirk||Nominated|
|Tony Award||Best Revival of a Musical||Won|||
|Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical||Christine Ebersole||Won|
|Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical||Kate Levering||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Musical||Mark Bramble||Nominated|
|Best Choreography||Randy Skinner||Nominated|
|Best Scenic Design||Douglas W. Schmidt||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Roger Kirk||Nominated|
|Best Lighting Design||Paul Gallo||Nominated|
- 42nd Street History pbs.org, accessed April 8, 2011
- "Floridian Renovating 42nd_Street" sptimes, April 28, 2003
- Kenrick, John."The Lullaby of Broadway", A Brief history Musicals 101, accessed April 8, 2011
- Lardner, James. "Familiar 'Street'; Hokey Tune of the '30s", The Washington Post, June 25, 1980, p.B1
- Rich, Frank. "Theater:Musical 42ND Street", The New York Times, August 26, 1980, Section C, p. 7
- "'42nd Street'" InternetBroadwayDatabase, accessed April 9, 2011
- "Who Played Julian Marsh in '42nd Street'" broadwayworld.com, accessed April 8, 2011
- "Who Played Dorothy Brock in '42nd Street'" broadwayworld.com, accessed April 8, 2011
- "Ziemba credits" Internet Broadway Database, accessed April 8, 2011
- "'A Chorus Line' listing, 1975" Internet Broadway Database, accessed April 8, 2011
- Playbill Staff and Brown, Jennifer."Long Runs on Broadway" playbill.com, April 13, 2014
- Weil, Martin; Lardner, James; Coe, Richard L. "Gower Champion Dies as Show Opens;Champion Dies As '42nd Street' Opens in N.Y", The Washington Post, August 26, 1980, p.A1
- Bianco, Anthony."David Merrick" Ghosts of 42nd Street: A History of America's Most Infamous Block (google books), HarperCollins, 2005, ISBN 0-06-056677-9, p. 220
- "Broadwayworld listing". Broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
- "Exposure" Los Angeles Magazine (google.books), August 1998, p. 42
- Brantley, Ben."Theater Review:You've Got to Come Back a . . . You Know" The New York Times, May 3, 2001
- Jones, Kenneth."Meredith Patterson is New Peggy in Bway's 42nd Street Aug. 19" playbill.com, August 19, 2001
- Jones, Kenneth."Shirley Jones and Patrick Cassidy Announced for Bway's '42nd Street', Starting May 7" playbill.com, March 23, 2004
- Jones, Kenneth."Tom Wopat Is the Duke of 42nd Street, Playing Julian Marsh Beginning June 21" playbill.com, June 12, 2002
- Steven Male. "UK Productions listing for '42nd Street'". Ukproductions.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
- "Press Release, announcing Shanghai engagement" nederlanderworld.com, August 7, 2007
- "Nederlander New Century Announces Tour of Tony Award-Winning Musical '42nd Street' Beginning September 2007" Broadway China Network, accessed April 8, 2011
- BWW News Desk."Westchester Broadway Theater Presents '42nd Street' With Galantich, Stanley and More, Opens 9/24".broadwayworld.com, September 8, 2009
- Neal, Jack."42nd Street" taps its way into the hearts of musical comedy fans at Reno's Eldorado Hotel Casino nevada-events.net, August 15, 2009
- Rickwald, Bethany."Dave Willetts, Marti Webb Set for UK Tour of '42nd Street' " May 15, 2012
- "'Forty-Second Street' Quick Review, Awards, Brief History, Synopsis" tamswitmark.com, accessed April 9, 2011
- "Drama Desk, 1980-1981" dramadesk.com, accessed April 8, 2011
- "Previous Theatre World Award Recipients, 1980–81" theatreworldawards.org, accessed April 9, 2011
- "'42nd Street' Tony winners and nominees" tonyawards.com, accessed April 8, 2011
- "Evening Standard Awards, 1984" albemarle-london.com, accessed April 9, 2011
- Olivier Winners, 1984 olivierawards.com, accessed April 8, 2011
- Jones, Kenneth and Simonson, Robert."2001 Drama Desk Winners Include Producers, Proof and Mnemonic" playbill.com, May 20, 2001
- Synopsis and other information from the Musical Heaven website
- Plot summary and character descriptions
- Profile of the show & audition suggestions
- 42nd Street at the Internet Broadway Database
- Radio interview with Wanda Richert by Doug Miles WSLR
- 42nd Street music tracks on Masterworks Broadway