42nd Street Shuttle
|42nd Street Shuttle|
|Northern end||Times Square|
|Southern end||Grand Central|
|42nd Street Shuttle|
|System||New York City Subway|
|Opening||27 October 1904|
|Owner||City of New York|
|Operator(s)||New York City Transit Authority|
|Line length||0.81 miles (1.30 km)|
|No. of tracks||3 (formerly 4)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||625V DC third rail|
The 42nd Street Shuttle is a New York City Subway shuttle train service that operates in Manhattan. It is sometimes referred to as the Grand Central / Times Square Shuttle, since these are the only two stations served by the shuttle. It runs at all times except late nights, connecting Times Square to Grand Central under 42nd Street. It is the shortest regular service in the system, running 0.8 miles (1.3 km) in officially one minute. The 42nd Street Shuttle is part of the A Division of New York City Transit, and the tracks that it uses opened in 1904 as part of the first subway in the city. In order to distinguish it from the other shuttles in the system, NYCT Rapid Transit Operations internally refers to it as the 0. It has no above-ground stations, making it the only IRT service to remain completely underground during its entire run. It is colored dark slate gray on route signs, station signs, rolling stock, and the official subway map. The rolling stock currently consists of the R62A.
The subway through which the shuttle runs was opened on October 27, 1904, the first day of subway service in Manhattan. It served as part of the IRT's main line until August 1, 1918, when the Dual Contracts' "H system" was put into service, with through trains over the IRT Lexington Avenue Line and IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line, and only shuttle trains under 42nd Street.
The southbound express track on the four-track line was closed and new platforms were built, as the old station at Times Square had been local-only. However, the new arrangement turned out to be inadequate, and the shuttle was closed on midnight between August 3–4 for expansion of the platforms. The shuttle reopened on September 28, 1918, with improved passageways and platforms. On the walls of the stations, black bands (at Times Square) and green bands (at Grand Central) were painted to guide passengers to the shuttle platforms. As part of a demonstration for automation, the shuttle was briefly automated from 1959 to 1964 on Track 4. A severe fire at the Grand Central station destroyed the demonstration train and manual operation had been restored since.
The shuttle ran at all times until September 10, 1995. Since then, it has run at all times except late nights, where passengers alternately use the 7 train. When the shuttle is closed, the area is sometimes used for movie and TV filming. The French Connection and King of New York, among many other titles, were filmed on the 42nd Street shuttle.
Track connections to the rest of the system
Of the four shuttle tracks, only three are in use, the former southbound express track space being used for platform space at each terminal. The former southbound local track is now Shuttle Track 1. Track 2 no longer exists, however, remnants of Track 2 can be seen inside the tunnel from passing trains on Tracks 1 and 3. The former northbound express track is Track 3, and the former northbound local track is Track 4.
Tracks 1 and 3 are connected to each other and to the Lexington Avenue Line's southbound local track south of Grand Central station. Track 4 connects to the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line's northbound local track north of Times Square station. There is no connection between tracks 1 and 3 on the one hand, and track 4 on the other; therefore, although the shuttle was once part of the original through-route of the first IRT subway, it is now physically impossible for a train to go from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line through to the IRT Seventh Avenue Line or vice versa by using the shuttle tracks.
|Service||Time period||Section of line|
|All except nights||Late nights|
|S||service||no service||entire line|
|42nd Street Shuttle|
In service, each of the shuttle tracks in operation at any given time is independent of the other; e.g., the train on track 1 simply runs back and forth on track 1, and there is no switching involved in reversing at each terminal. To provide for quick turnaround of the shuttle trains, there is an operator at each end of the train. Depending on which direction the train is traveling the operators swap jobs when the train gets to one end; one acts as the operator in the front and the other acts as conductor in the rear.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
|Times Square||1 2 3 (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line)
N Q R (BMT Broadway Line)
A C E (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal)
|Port Authority Bus Terminal|
|Grand Central||4 5 6 <6> (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line)
|Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal|
Other, similar two-stop shuttles in other rapid transit systems include:
- Waterloo & City line, London Underground's shortest line, is a shuttle running non-stop between Bank–Monument station and Waterloo station in central London.
- The Ramal on the Madrid Metro, linking Ópera and Príncipe Pío stations.
Other New York City Subway shuttle services include:
- S, a list of other shuttles labeled "S" in the system.
- "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph". The New York Times. August 2, 1918. p. 1. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "Drop Shuttle Plan as Subway Crush Becomes a Peril". The New York Times. August 3, 1918. p. 1. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "Subway Shuttle Resumes Today". The New York Times. September 28, 1918. p. 17. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- Perez-Pena, Richard (September 11, 1995). "A Subway Station Is Shuttered, the First in 33 Years". The New York Times. Retrieved October 4, 2011. [the article is about Dean Street on the Franklin Avenue Shuttle, and the headline refers to the 1962 closing of Worth Street; several old-style elevated railways were closed since then, as well as the Culver Shuttle which hosted both elevated and subway service at one time]
- MTA NYC Transit – 42 Street Shuttle
- "S Train Timetable Between Grand Central Station and Times Square, Manhattan, Effective December 15, 2013". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
- nycsubway.org – IRT Grand Central / Times Square Shuttle
- Abandoned Stations – proposed Grand Central shuttle platform (includes a track diagram)
- thesubwaynut (May 13, 2013). "Backfanning on the 42nd Street Shuttle". Youtube. Retrieved August 2014.