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This article is about the year 431. For the number, see 431 (number).
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 4th century5th century6th century
Decades: 400s  410s  420s  – 430s –  440s  450s  460s
Years: 428 429 430431432 433 434
431 by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishment and disestablishment categories
431 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 431
Ab urbe condita 1184
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 5181
Bahá'í calendar −1413 – −1412
Bengali calendar −162
Berber calendar 1381
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 975
Burmese calendar −207
Byzantine calendar 5939–5940
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal Horse)
3127 or 3067
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
3128 or 3068
Coptic calendar 147–148
Discordian calendar 1597
Ethiopian calendar 423–424
Hebrew calendar 4191–4192
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 487–488
 - Shaka Samvat 353–354
 - Kali Yuga 3532–3533
Holocene calendar 10431
Igbo calendar −569 – −568
Iranian calendar 191 BP – 190 BP
Islamic calendar 197 BH – 196 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar 431
Korean calendar 2764
Minguo calendar 1481 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 974

Year 431 (CDXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Bassus and Antiochus (or, less frequently, year 1184 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 431 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]


  • Hippo Regius becomes the capital of the Vandal Kingdom. After 14 months, hunger and disease the Vandals ravaged the city. Emperor Theodosius II sends an imperial fleet with an army under command of Aspar and lands at Carthage.
  • Aspar is routed by the Vandals and Flavius Marcian, future Byzantine emperor, is captured during the fighting. He negotiates a peace with king Genseric and maintains imperial authority in Carthage.


By topic[edit]

Arts and Sciences[edit]