435th Operations Group

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435th Operations Group
435thog-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 435th Operations Group
Active 1943–1945; 1947–1952; 1952–1959; 1975–1978; 1978–1980; 1992–1995
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force Reserve

The 435th Operations Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 435th Airlift Wing, stationed at Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany. It was inactivated on 1 April 1995.

The unit's World War II predecessor unit, the 435th Troop Carrier Group was a C-47 Skytrain transport unit assigned to Ninth Air Force in Western Europe. The group flew combat paratroopers on airborne assaults on Normandy (Operation Overlord); Southern France (Operation Dragoon); the Netherlands (Operation Market-Garden), and Germany (Operation Varsity). It also flew combat resupply missions in the relief of Bastogne in 1945.

History[edit]

For additional history and lineage, see 435th Air Ground Operations Wing

World War II[edit]

Emblem of the 435th Troop Carrier Group
76th Troop Carrier Squadron C-47 landing

Used C-47's and C-53's in preparing for duty overseas with Ninth Air Force. Moved to England, October–November 1943, and began training for participation in the airborne operation over Normandy. Entered combat on D-Day 1944 by dropping paratroops of 101st Airborne Division near Cherbourg; towed Waco and Horsa gliders carrying reinforcements to that area on the afternoon of D-Day and on the following morning; received a Distinguished Unit Citation for its part in the Normandy invasion.

Began transport services following the landings in France and intermittently engaged in missions of this type until V-E Day; hauled supplies such as serum, blood plasma, radar sets, clothing, rations, and ammunition, and evacuated wounded personnel to Allied hospitals.

Interrupted supply and evacuation missions to train for and participate in three major airborne assaults. A detachment that was sent to Italy in July 1944 for the invasion of Southern France dropped paratroops over the assault area on 15 August and released gliders carrying troops and equipment such as jeeps, guns, and ammunition; flew a resupply mission over France on 16 August; and then transported supplies to bases in Italy before returning to England at the end of the month.

In September 1944 the group participated in the air attack on the Netherlands, dropping paratroops of 82d and 101st Airborne Divisions and releasing gliders carrying reinforcements.

Moved to France in February 1945 for the airborne assault across the Rhine; each aircraft towed two gliders in transporting troops and equipment to the east bank of the Rhine on 24 March; then the group flew resupply missions to Germany in support of ground forces. Transported supplies to occupation forces in Germany and evacuated Allied prisoners of war after V-E Day.

Returned to the US in August Inactivated on 15 November 1945.

Cold War[edit]

Lockheed VC-140B-LM Jetstar 61-2491 of the 435th Tactical Airlift Group, 1978

Allocated to the Reserve and activated on 15 July 1947. Ordered to active service on 1 March 1951. Assigned to Tactical Air Command. Trained with C-119's. Relieved from active duty and inactivated, on 1 December 1952. Reactivated as Miami-Based reserve group. By 1956, the wing was capable of flying overseas missions, particularly in the Caribbean area to Central America. Inactivated on 14 April 1959 when parent unit adopted Tri-Deputate organization.

Reactivated in 1975 at Rhein-Main AB West Germany as C-130 theater transport unit for MAC in Europe. Also provided logistical and administrative support for special operations organizations at Rhein-Main. Inactivated in June 1980.

Modern era[edit]

Activated as 435th Operations Group as part of objective wing organization of 435th Airlift Wing at Rhein-Main on 1 April 1992. Had some C-141s assigned in 1992, however those reassigned and unit managed transient MAC (later USAFE) theater transports as well as tactical, aeromedical and OSA airlift squadrons until aerial port at Rhein-Main was inactivated along with the 435th AW in 1995.

The unit may have been redesignated as the 435th Air Expeditionary Operations Group and converted to provisional status, on 5 February 2001, however this has not been confirmed.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as 435th Troop Carrier Group on 30 January 1943
Activated on 25 February 1943
Inactivated on 15 November 1945.
  • Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 15 July 1947
Redesignated 435th Troop Carrier Group (Medium) in June 1949
Ordered to active service on 1 March 1951
Relieved from active duty and inactivated, on 1 December 1952
  • Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 1 December 1952
Inactivated on 14 April 1959
  • Redesignated: 435th Tactical Airlift Group and activated on 1 July 1975
Inacivated on 23 June 1978
  • Reactivated on 15 September 1978
Inactivated on 1 June 1980
  • Redesignated: 435th Operations Group and activated on 1 April 1992
Inactivated on 1 April 1995.

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 306–307. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. 

External links[edit]