The Polish 44th Infantry Division was a reserve unit of the Polish Army, which took part in the Polish September Campaign. Commanded by Colonel Eugeniusz Zongollowicz, it was concentrated in Łowicz and Piotrków Trybunalski, at the rear of the Łódź Army. However, due to speed of the Wehrmacht offensive, it had never been fully created. On September 4, 1939, parts of the division were ordered to defend the area of Bełchatów, attacked by the German 1st Armored Division. The Germans managed to break through Polish positions, dispersed units of the 44th I.D. managed to get across the Vistula, and were ordered to head to Warsaw, where they took part in the defence of the city until capitulation on September 28, 1939.