45th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

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45th Infantry Division
45 inf div.jpg
World War 2 formation sign
Active First World War
Second World War
Country United Kingdom
Branch Territorial Army
Type Infantry

The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force. It was formed in the Great War as a duplicate of the 43rd (Wessex) Division and was originally formed as the 2nd Wessex Division in 1914–1915 before later being renamed the 45th (2nd Wessex) Division and the brigades numbered. It was sent overseas to India in December 1914 to relieve Regular Army units for service in France. The division remained there for the rest of the war, supplying drafts of replacements to the British units fighting in the Middle East.

It was reformed in the Territorial Army in 1939, again as a 2nd Line duplicate of the 43rd (Wessex) Division, when another European conflict with Germany seemed inevitable. During World War II, the division was active in the United Kingdom throughout its service. It was placed on a lower establishment on 1 December 1941 and disbanded on 30 August 1944. The division did not see active service overseas during the war.

World War I Order of Battle[edit]

134th (2/1st Hampshire) Brigade

  • 2/4th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
  • 2/5th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
  • 2/6th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
  • 2/7th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment

135th (2/1st South Western) Brigade

136th (2/1st Devon and Cornwall) Brigade

World War II Order of Battle[edit]

(as at 7 September 1939, when the division became operational)[1][2]

134th Infantry Brigade

  • 4th Battalion, Devonshire Regiment
  • 6th Battalion, Devonshire Regiment
  • 8th Battalion, Devonshire Regiment

135th Infantry Brigade

  • 5th Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry
  • 6th Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry
  • 7th Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry

136th Infantry Brigade

Divisional Troops

Commanders during World War II[edit]

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]