45th Academy Awards
|45th Academy Awards|
|Date||Tuesday, March 27, 1973|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles|
|Host||Carol Burnett, Michael Caine, Charlton Heston, Rock Hudson|
|Producer||Howard W. Koch|
|Best Picture||The Godfather|
|Most awards||Cabaret (8)|
The Godfather and
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||2 hours, 38 minutes|
The 45th Academy Awards were presented March 27, 1973, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles. The ceremonies were presided over by Carol Burnett, Michael Caine, Charlton Heston, and Rock Hudson.
The ceremony was marked by Marlon Brando's boycott of the Oscars and his sending of Sacheen Littlefeather to explain why he would not show up to collect his Best Actor award for The Godfather, and by Charlie Chaplin's first competitive Oscar win for Best Original Score for his 20-year-old film Limelight, which was eligible because it did not screen in Los Angeles until 1972. Chaplin had received honorary Academy Awards in 1929 and 1972.
Cabaret, Bob Fosse's adaptation of the Broadway stage musical, set a record for the most Oscars won without winning Best Picture. Although Best Picture winner The Godfather received only three Academy Awards, it is recognized today as one of the most acclaimed and beloved films of all time.
This year was the first time that two African American women received nominations for Best Actress.
Winners & Nominees
Honorary Academy Awards
Academy Honorary Award
Films with multiple nominations and awards
The following 15 films received multiple nominations.
The following two films received multiple awards.
It was initially announced, on February 12, 1973, that The Godfather received 11 nominations, more than any other film that year. This was reduced to 10 nominations (tied with Cabaret for the most) after a new vote by the Academy's music branch, following a controversy over whether Nino Rota's score for The Godfather was eligible for the nomination it received. For the re-balloting, members of the music branch chose from six films: The Godfather and the five films that been on the shortlist for best original dramatic score but did not get nominated. John Addison's score for Sleuth won this new vote, and thus replaced Rota's score on the official list of nominees. The controversy arose, according to Academy president Daniel Taradash, because the love theme in The Godfather had previously been used by Rota in Fortunella, an Italian movie from several years earlier.
The nominations in the category of Best Original Song were not announced in February with the rest of the nominations, reportedly because of "a mixup in balloting". It was later reported that the Academy had been considering whether Curtis Mayfield's song "Freddie's Dead" from the film Super Fly should be eligible. The song was ruled ineligible for a nomination because its lyrics were not sung in the film. (The song was released as a single with lyrics, but the version in the film was an instrumental.) Academy governor John Green was quoted as saying: "Times have changed. In the old days Hollywood made 30 or 40 musicals a year, and there were plenty of songs to choose from. Now there are hardly any, and most of the eligible songs are themes. Both the lyric and the music must be heard on the sound track to be eligible."
Presenters and Performers
- Eddie Albert and Edward Albert (Presenters: Best Sound)
- Julie Andrews and George Stevens (Presenters: Best Director)
- Bea Arthur and Peter Boyle (Presenters: Short Subjects Awards)
- Marisa Berenson and Michael Caine (Presenters: Best Costume Design)
- Candice Bergen and Billy Dee Williams (Presenters: Best Cinematography)
- Sonny Bono and Cher (Presenters: Best Original Song)
- Dyan Cannon and Burt Reynolds (Presenters: Music Awards)
- James Coburn and Diana Ross (Presenters: Best Supporting Actor)
- Robert Duvall and Cloris Leachman (Presenters: Best Supporting Actress)
- Clint Eastwood (Presenter: Best Picture)
- Greer Garson and Laurence Harvey (Presenters: Best Art Direction-Set Decoration)
- John Gavin and Katharine Ross (Presenters: Best Film Editing)
- Gene Hackman and Raquel Welch (Presenters: Best Actress)
- Charlton Heston (Presenter: Honorary Award to Edward G. Robinson)
- Angela Lansbury (Presenter: Opening Musical Number)
- Jack Lemmon (Presenter: Writing Awards)
- Roger Moore and Liv Ullmann (Presenters: Best Actor)
- Merle Oberon (Presenter: Best Visual Effects)
- Frank Sinatra (Presenter: Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award)
- Elke Sommer and Jack Valenti (Presenters: Best Foreign Language Film)
- Robert Wagner and Natalie Wood (Presenters: Documentary Awards)
- Richard Walsh (Presenter: Honorary Award to Charles S. Boren)
- Glen Campbell and The Mike Curb Congregation ("Marmalade, Molasses & Honey" from The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean)
- Diahann Carroll ("Strange Are the Ways of Love" from The Stepmother)
- Michael Jackson ("Ben" from Ben)
- Springfield Revival ("Come Follow, Follow Me" from The Little Ark)
- Connie Stevens ("The Morning After" from The Poseidon Adventure)
- 30th Golden Globe Awards
- 1972 in film
- 15th Grammy Awards
- 24th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 25th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 26th British Academy Film Awards
- 27th Tony Awards
- Bruce Russell (1973-03-28). "Cabaret shades Godfather". Reuter. Retrieved 2013-06-09. "The film, withdrawn from U.S. movie theatres in the bitter controversy over Chaplin's political views and private life, qualified by being released for the first time in Los Angeles last year."
- Bret Wood. "Limelight". TCM. Retrieved 2013-06-09.
- Bruce Russell (1973-02-13). "‘Godfather’ Gets 11 Oscar Nominations". Toledo Blade. Reuter. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
- The Official Academy Awards® Database
- "The 45th Academy Awards (1973) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-08-28.
- Bruce Russell (1973-02-13). "‘Godfather’ Gets 11 Oscar Nominations". Toledo Blade. Reuter. Retrieved 2014-09-02.
- "Oscar Nominations Offer Few Oddities". The Milwaukee Journal. 1973-02-13. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
- "The Godfather loses one count". The Star-Phoenix. AP. 1973-03-03. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
- "The Godfather". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
- "100 Years of Paramount: Academy Awards". Paramount Pictures. Retrieved 2013-06-16. "The Godfather score, composed by Nino Rota, was originally announced as one of the five official nominees. It was later pointed out that portions of the score and the main theme were composed by Rota for his score to the 1958 Italian film, Fortunella. The Music Branch was given this information and re-balloted to determine the fifth nomination. The list of six films they were to choose from were the remaining five of the top ten preliminary listings, plus The Godfather score. The results of the re-balloting was that the fifth nomination became Sleuth, composed by John Addison."
- "Godfather, Superfly music out of Oscars". The Montreal Gazette. AP. 1973-03-07. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
- "Oscar Nominations Offer Few Oddities". The Milwaukee Journal. 1973-02-13. Retrieved 2013-06-16. "Because of a mixup in balloting, the nominations for best song won't be announced until March 5."
- "'Godfather', 'Super Fly' Music Not Nominated For Oscar". The Toledo Blade. AP. 1973-03-07. Retrieved 2013-06-16.