45th Detached Reconnaissance Regiment

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
45th Guards Spetsnaz Regiment
Russian 45th Separate Reconnaissance Regiment patch (new).gif
45th Spetsnaz Regiment patch
Active 1994 - present
Country Russia Russia
Branch Большая эмблема Воздушно-десантных войск России.png Russian Airborne Troops
Type Spetsnaz
Role Special reconnaissance
special operations
Direct Action
Size ~ 690 Commandos
Part of GRU emblem.svg GRU (operational subordination)
Garrison/HQ Kubinka, Moscow Oblast
Motto Побеждает сильнейший
(The strongest wins)
Mascot Wolf
Engagements First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
Georgian–Abkhazian conflict
2008 South Ossetia War
2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine
Col. HoRF Vadim Pankov
Lt. Col. HoRF Anatoly Lebed

45th Guards Spetsnaz Regiment (Russian: 45-й ОРП СпН ВДВ (в/ч 28337)) is a special reconnaissance and special operations unit within the Russian Airborne Troops, and based outside Moscow.


It was created in 1994 from the 901st Air- Assault Battalion (created in 1979) and 218th Spetsnaz Battalion of the Russian Airborne Troops, (created in 1992). Colonel Pavel Popovskikh is credited with the creation of the 45th Spetsnaz as a “subunit of the future” designed for the type of counter-insurgency warfare for which the forces had been so unprepared in Afghanistan.

The regiment has 690 commandos and is equipped with 15 BTR-80, and 1 BTR-D. The regiment composition is:

The unit is part of the Russian Airborne Troops (VDV)[2] and directly subordinated to VDV Headquarters. However it is also operationally subordinate to the GRU.[3]


Anatoly Lebed was a famous soldier and commanding officer of the regiment.

By July 1994, the regiment was formed and fully staffed.

The Regiment fought in the First and Second Chechen Wars. In 1994 it fought for Dolinsky, Argun, and Grozny, sustaining casualties of 15 killed and 28 wounded. In June 2007 it was successfully inspected by the Commander-in-Chief of the VDV. In August, the 45th was involved in the 2008 South Ossetia War, where one battalion captured US-made Humvees jointly with the 7th Airborne Guards Division, and another defended Tskhinvali.[4]

The Regiment also fought in the Russian invasion of Ukraine, in 2014.


  1. ^ Warfare.ru on VDV - includes note on 45th Separate Reconnaissance Regiment, accessed December 2008
  2. ^ Structure of VDV (Russian)
  3. ^ History of Soviet Spetsnaz. Numeration and history of units (Russian)
  4. ^ Warfare.ru, accessed December 2008

External links[edit]