45th Detached Reconnaissance Regiment
|45th Guards Spetsnaz Regiment|
45th Spetsnaz Regiment patch
|Active||1994 - present|
|Branch||Russian Airborne Troops|
|Size||~ 690 Commandos|
|Part of||GRU (operational subordination)|
|Garrison/HQ||Kubinka, Moscow Oblast|
(The strongest wins)
|Engagements||First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
2008 South Ossetia War
2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine
|Col. HoRF Vadim Pankov|
|Lt. Col. HoRF Anatoly Lebed|
It was created in 1994 from the 901st Air- Assault Battalion (created in 1979) and 218th Spetsnaz Battalion of the Russian Airborne Troops, (created in 1992). Colonel Pavel Popovskikh is credited with the creation of the 45th Spetsnaz as a “subunit of the future” designed for the type of counter-insurgency warfare for which the forces had been so unprepared in Afghanistan.
By July 1994, the regiment was formed and fully staffed.
The Regiment fought in the First and Second Chechen Wars. In 1994 it fought for Dolinsky, Argun, and Grozny, sustaining casualties of 15 killed and 28 wounded. In June 2007 it was successfully inspected by the Commander-in-Chief of the VDV. In August, the 45th was involved in the 2008 South Ossetia War, where one battalion captured US-made Humvees jointly with the 7th Airborne Guards Division, and another defended Tskhinvali.
The Regiment also fought in the Russian invasion of Ukraine, in 2014.
- Warfare.ru on VDV - includes note on 45th Separate Reconnaissance Regiment, accessed December 2008
- Structure of VDV (Russian)
- History of Soviet Spetsnaz. Numeration and history of units (Russian)
- Warfare.ru, accessed December 2008
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