4727th Air Defense Group
|4727th Air Defense Group|
4727th Air Defense Group Patch
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Defense Command|
The 4727th Air Defense Group is a discontinued United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the Syracuse Air Defense Sector at Griffiss Air Force Base, New York, where it was discontinued in 1959. The group was formed to provide a single command and support organization for the two fighter interceptor squadrons of Air Defense Command (ADC), that were tenants at Griffiss, an Air Materiel Command (AMC) base. It was also assigned a maintenance squadron to perform aircraft maintenance. It was discontinued after the 27th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron moved in 1959, leaving only a single fighter squadron at Griffiss.
The group was established to provide a headquarters for Air Defense Command (ADC) Fighter-Interceptor Squadrons (FIS) stationed at Griffiss AFB, an Air Materiel Command base, whose Rome Air Force Depot (until February 1958) and 2856th Air Base Wing (after February 1958) acted as host base organizations for the group. The 4727th was assigned the 27th FIS, flying Lockheed F-94 Starfire aircraft and 465th FIS, flying Northrop F-89 Scorpions as its operational components. The interceptor aircraft assigned to these squadrons were armed with HVAR rockets. The F-89s were also armed with Falcon missiles or Genie rockets. All assigned aircraft were equipped with data link for interception control through the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment system
The 27th and 465th FIS were already stationed at Griffiss and had been assigned to the 4711th Air Defense Wing. Group aircraft maintenance was centralized in the 606th Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance Squadron (CAMS), which was activated at Griffiss in August. The 27th FIS converted to Convair F-102 Delta Daggers in the fall of 1957.
In July 1959 The 465th FIS and the 49th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, which was stationed at Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts, swapped equipment, personnel, and stations. The group was discontinued when the 27th FIS moved to Loring AFB, Maine in October 1959, leaving only a single operational ADC squadron at Griffiss. The 49th FIS was then assigned directly to the Syracuse Air Defense Sector, and the 606th CAMS was inactivated.
- Designated as 4727th Air Defense Group and organized on 8 February 1957
- Discontinued on 15 October 1959
- 32d Air Division, 8 February 1957 -1 August 1958
- Syracuse Air Defense Sector, 1 August 1958 – 15 October 1959
- Griffiss AFB, New York, 8 February 1957 – 15 October 1959
- 27th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 8 February 1957 – 1 October 1959
- 49th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 1 July 1959 −15 October 1959
- 465th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 8 February 1957 – 1 July 1959
- 606th Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance Squadron 8 August 1957 - 1 July 1959
- Col. Frank J. Keller, by 1 January 1958 - after 31 December 1958
- F-89H 1957-1959
- F-89J 1957-1959
- F-94C 1957
- F-102A 1957-1959
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946-1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. p. 89.
- Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 205, 208. ISBN 0-912799-53-6.
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 114
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 129
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 138. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.
- Maurer, p.572
- Cornett & Johnson, p.142
- Maurer, pp. 213-214
- Cornet & Johnson p.116
- AFHRA Factsheet, 27th Fighter Squadron (accessed 8 Mar 2012)
- AFHRA Factsheet, 49th Fighter Training Squadron (accessed 8 Mar 2012)
- AFHRA Factsheet, 465th Air Refueling Squadron (accessed 8 Mar 2012)
- Abstract, History of 4727th Air Def Gp, CY 1958 (accessed 19 Jan 2012)
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.
- Leonard, Barry (2009). History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense. Vol II, 1955-1972. Fort McNair, DC: Center for Military History. ISBN 978-1-43792-131-1.