476

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This article is about the year 476. For the number, see 476 (number). For other uses, see 476 (disambiguation).
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 4th century5th century6th century
Decades: 440s  450s  460s  – 470s –  480s  490s  500s
Years: 473 474 475476477 478 479
476 by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishment and disestablishment categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
476 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 476
CDLXXVI
Ab urbe condita 1229
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 5226
Bahá'í calendar −1368 – −1367
Bengali calendar −117
Berber calendar 1426
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 1020
Burmese calendar −162
Byzantine calendar 5984–5985
Chinese calendar 乙卯(Wood Rabbit)
3172 or 3112
    — to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
3173 or 3113
Coptic calendar 192–193
Discordian calendar 1642
Ethiopian calendar 468–469
Hebrew calendar 4236–4237
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 532–533
 - Shaka Samvat 398–399
 - Kali Yuga 3577–3578
Holocene calendar 10476
Igbo calendar −524 – −523
Iranian calendar 146 BP – 145 BP
Islamic calendar 151 BH – 150 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar 476
CDLXXVI
Korean calendar 2809
Minguo calendar 1436 before ROC
民前1436年
Thai solar calendar 1019
Romulus Augustus resigns the Crown

Year 476 (CDLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Basiliscus and Armatus (or, less frequently, year 1229 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 476 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Because the fall of the Western Roman Empire occurred in 476, many historians consider it the last year of ancient history and the first year of the Middle Ages in Europe.[1][2]

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

  • Summer – Odoacer, chieftain of the Germanic tribes (Herulic - Scirian foederati), visits the imperial palace at Ravenna. He petitions Orestes (magister militum) to reward his mercenaries for their services and their support of his rebellion a year earlier, by making good on his promise to grant them lands to settle permanently in Italy. Orestes refuse this proposal and Odoacer leads his tribesmen in a revolt.
  • August – Basiliscus, Roman usurper, is deposed and Zeno is restored as emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire. With support of his adviser Illus, he besieges Constantinople, but the Senate opens the gates, allowing him to resume the throne. Basiliscus flees to sanctuary in a church, but surrenders himself and his family after extracting a solemn promise from Zeno not to shed their blood. Basiliscus is sent to a fortress in Cappadocia where he later dies from starvation.
  • August 23 – Odoacer, age 43, is proclaimed rex Italiae ("king of Italy") by his troops. He leads his Ostrogoth army into the Po Valley and advances to Ravenna while plundering the countryside.
  • September 4 – : Romulus Augustus, Roman usurper of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed by Odoacer at Ravenna. Odoacer spares the boy's life and gives him a pension of 6,000 solidii but exiles him to the "Castellum Lucullanum" (Castel dell'Ovo), on the island of Megaride in the Gulf of Naples. His father Orestes has been arrested a week earlier near Piacenza and swiftly executed. This event will later be romanticized in Western literature and history as the Fall of Rome and is traditionally used by historians to mark the beginning of the European Middle Ages.[3][4]
  • Julius Nepos, de jure ruler, becomes legally the last "Western Roman Emperor." He governs Dalmatia (Balkans), Morocco, and Northwest Gaul until his death 480, but has no effective power on the Italian Peninsula.
  • Odoacer crosses the Maritime Alps with a Gothic army and invades Provence (Southern Gaul). He conquers the cities of Arles and Marseilles, after a victorious battle against the Burgundians.
  • The Visigoths under king Euric march into Italy and suffer defeat against the forces of Odoacer. Emperor Zeno concludes a peace treaty between the Goths and Odoacer surrenders the newly conquered territory in Gaul. Euric pledged himself to undertake no further hostilities.
  • The Roman Senate petitions Zeno to recognize Nepos as deposed and take the sole emperorship himself, abolishing the 91 year east/west division of the empire and recognizing Odoacer's authority in Italy. Zeno declines the first request, but names Odoacer Patricius, investing his rule with Imperial legitimacy.
  • Winter – Zeno recognizes the full extent of the Vandal Kingdom, including all of western Africa, the Balearic Islands, Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily. King Genseric gives Sicily, with exception of the city of Lilybaeum, to Odoacer in return for tribute.

India[edit]

China[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clare, I. S. (1906). Library of universal history: containing a record of the human race from the earliest historical period to the present time; embracing a general survey of the progress of mankind in national and social life, civil government, religion, literature, science and art. New York: Union Book. Page 1519 (cf., Ancient history, as we have already seen, ended with the fall of the Western Roman Empire; [...])
  2. ^ United Center for Research and Training in History. (1973). Bulgarian historical review. Sofia: Pub. House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences]. Page 43. (cf. ... in the history of Europe, which marks both the end of ancient history and the beginning of the Middle Ages, is the fall of the Western Roman Empire.)
  3. ^ "Middle Ages". Dictionary.com. 
  4. ^ Bruni, Leonardo (2001) [1442]. Hankins, James, ed. History of the Florentine People 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. xvii. ISBN 978-0-674-00506-8.