479th Flying Training Group
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|479th Flying Training Group|
479th Flying Training Group Patch
|Active||1943–1957; 1991; 2000–current|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Education and Training Command|
|Garrison/HQ||NAS Pensacola, Florida|
|Motto||Protectores Libartatis - "Defenders of Liberty"|
|Col Neil T. Allen.|
The 479th Flying Training Group (479 FTG) is a United States Air Force unit, stationed at Naval Air Station Pensacola (NASP). A component of Air Education and Training Command (AETC), the 479 FTG was activated on 2 October 2009. The current commander of the 479th Flying Training Group is Col Neil Allen.
The unit conducts Undergraduate Combat Systems Officer (CSO) training, replacing the former Undergraduate Navigator Training (UNT) curriculum previously taught by the 12th Flying Training Wing (12 FTW) at Randolph AFB, Texas.
The 479 FTG is an operational component of the 12 FTW at Randolph AFB as a Geographically Separated Unit (GSU), flying the T-6A Texan II and T-1A Jayhawk at NASP. The first CSO class, 11-01, graduated on 15 April 2011.
The group controls three subordinate squadrons:
- 479th Operations Support Squadron
- 451st Flying Training Squadron (T-1A)
- 455th Flying Training Squadron (T-6)
World War II
The unit was constituted as the 479th Fighter Group on 12 October 1943 and activated on 15 October at Grand Central Air Terminal, near Long Beach, California. Equipped with the Lockheed P-38F Lightning, the group trained for combat and served as an air defense organization for the west coast as part of IV Fighter Command of Fourth Air Force. It was stationed at Santa Maria AAF, California
Even though the defense of the US west coast initially took priority, it was decided to deploy Lightning squadrons to Britain for heavy bomber escort duty. The 479th was reassigned to RAF Wattisham, England, April–May 1944, and assigned to the 65th Fighter Wing, VIII Fighter Command, Eighth Air Force.
The 479th group consisted of three Fighter Squadrons, (434th (L2), 435th (J2), and 436th (9B)) and the aircraft of the group had no cowling color markings as did other Eighth Air Force fighter groups. 479th P-38's were marked only with colored tail rudders. The initial inventory of P-38s, many of which were hand-me-downs from other groups painted in olive drab camouflage, used geometric symbols on the tail to identify squadrons, white for camouflaged aircraft and black for unpainted (natural metal finish) Lightnings.
The 479th FG escorted heavy bombers during operations against targets on the Continent, strafed targets of opportunity, and flew fighter-bomber, counter-air, and area-patrol missions. Engaged primarily in B-17/B-24 escort activities and fighter sweeps until the Normandy invasion in June 1944.
The group patrolled the beachhead during the invasion. Strafed and dive-bombed troops, bridges, locomotives, railway cars, barges, vehicles, airfields, gun emplacements, flak towers, ammunition dumps, power stations, and radar sites while on escort or fighter-bomber missions as the Allies drove across France during the summer and fall of 1944. The unit flew area patrols to support the breakthrough at Saint-Lô in July and the airborne attack on the Netherlands in September.
The 479th Fighter Group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for the destruction of numerous aircraft on airfields in France on 18 August and 5 September and during aerial battle near Münster on 26 September. The unit continued escort and fighter-bomber activities from October to mid-December 1944. It converted to P-51s between 10 September and 1 October, using both types on missions until conversion was completed.
The group participated in the Battle of the Bulge (December 1944 – January 1945) by escorting bombers to and from targets in the battle area and by strafing transportation targets while on escort duty. From February to April 1945 it continued to fly escort missions, but also provided area patrols to support the airborne attack across the Rhine in March.
The unit returned to Camp Kilmer New Jersey in November 1945, and was inactivated on December 1945. Among the notable pilots of the 479th were its second group commander, Col. Hubert Zemke, with 17.75 confirmed aerial victories and Major Robin Olds, who was officially credited with 12 German planes shot down and 11.5 others destroyed on the ground.
The group remained in England after the end of the war in Europe, demobilizing most of its personnel. The group itself was inactivated as an administrative unit under Army Service Forces in December 1945.
- for additional history, see 479th Tactical Training Wing
The group was re-activated at George AFB, California on 1 December 1952 as the 479th Fighter-Bomber Group. Under the postwar United States Air Force, the group was the operational component of the new 479th Fighter-Bomber Wing. The 479th's three old World War II squadrons were retained and a new squadron, the 476th Fighter-Bomber/Tactical Fighter Squadron, assigned.
The group trained and achieved tactical proficiency with initially with F-51D Mustangs (1952–53), later with F-86F Sabres (1953–55), and being re-designated as the 479th Fighter-Day Group on 15 February 1954. It participated in numerous exercises, augmented air defenses of the West Coast, and deployed overseas to support other commands. In 1955 the group's assigned squadrons were assigned directly to the Wing, when the unit adopted the "Tri-Deputate" organization, becoming non-operational. It was inactivated on 8 October 1957
The 479th was reactivated as 479th Fighter Group at Holloman AFB, New Mexico on 26 July 1991 under the 833d Air Division. The group assumed the downsized assets of the 479th Tactical Training Wing which was inactivated due to cutbacks in training after the end of the Cold War, with the residual resources of the 479th TTW taken over by the 49th Fighter Wing at Holloman.
The group controlled the AT-38s of the 434th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron briefly, providing Lead-In Fighter Training (LIFT) training for pilots assigned to fly the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle. The group inactivated on 15 November 1991, with the training mission and aircraft being consolidated under the 586th Flight Test Squadron.
The unit was reactivated as the 479th Flying Training Group at Moody AFB, Georgia on 30 July 2001 as an Air Education and Training Command unit. The group's activation was part of an effort to increase pilot production due to a pilot shortage at the time throughout the Air Force. Its mission at Moody was to conduct primary Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training and Introduction to Fighter Fundamentals training. The group consisted of three training squadrons. These were :
- 49th Flying Training Squadron (AT-38C)
- 435th Flying Training Squadron (AT-38C)
- 3d Flying Training Squadron (T-6 Texan II)
- 479th Operations Support Squadron
These aircraft all carried the Tail Code "MY". The 49 FTS and 435 FTS also conducted an advanced pilot training and the Introduction to Fighter Fundamentals (IFF) course for recently winged USAF Navigator/Combat Systems Officers en route to Weapons System Officer (WSO) assignments in the F-15E Strike Eagle aircraft and recently winged pilots en route to the F-22, F-15C, F-15E, F-16, and A-10. The 3d FTS provided primary undergraduate pilot training.
As a result of BRAC 2005, the 479 FTG was inactivated on 21 July 2007 and its aircraft and equipment were redistributed to other AETC units.
The 479 FTG was reactivated at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida on 2 October 2009. It is using T-6A Texan IIs and T-1A Jayhawks to train Combat Systems Officers (i.e., Navigators/Electronic Warfare Officers/Weapons System Officers) for eventual assignment to various USAF aircraft. In this capacity, and pursuant to BRAC action, the 479 FTG assumes responsibility for the successor program to USAF Undergraduate Navigator Training (UNT) previously conducted in the T-43 Bobcat and T-1A Jayhawk by the 12th Flying Training Wing at Randolph AFB, Texas from 1993–2010 and the T-43 Bobcat and T-37 Tweet with the 323d Flying Training Wing at the former Mather AFB, California from 1973–1993.
- Established as 479th Fighter Group (Twin Engine) on 12 October 1943
- Activated on 15 October 1943
- Re-designated as 479th Fighter Group, Two Engine c. 21 February 1944
- Apparently re-designated as 479th Fighter Group, Single Engine by 5 September 1944
- Inactivated on 1 December 1945
- Re-designated as 479th Fighter-Bomber Group on 15 October 1952
- Activated on 1 December 1952
- Re-designated as 479th Fighter-Day Group on 15 February 1954
- Inactivated on 8 October 1957
- Re-designated as: 479th Tactical Training Group on 31 July 1985 (Remained inactive)
- Re-designated as 479th Fighter Group on 1 July 1991
- Activated on 26 July 1991
- Inactivated on 15 November 1991
- Re-designated as 479th Flying Training Group on 6 July 2000
- Activated on 31 July 2000
- Inactivated on 21 June 2007
- Activated on 2 October 2009.
- Grand Central Air Terminal, California, 15 October 1943
- Lomita Flight Strip, California, c. 6 February 1944
- Santa Maria AAF, California, c. 8 April – c. 12 April 1944
- RAF Wattisham (AAF-377), England, c. 15 May 1944 – c. 23 November 1945
- Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, c. 29 November – 1 December 1945
- George AFB, California, 1 December 1952 – 8 October 1957
- Holloman AFB, New Mexico, 26 July – 15 November 1991
- Moody AFB, Georgia, 31 July 2000 – 21 June 2007
- NAS Pensacola, Florida, 2 October 2009 – present
- 3d Flying Training Squadron, 2 April 2001 – 26 April 2007
- 49th Flying Training (later, 49th Fighter Training) Squadron: 10 October 2000 – 10 May 2007
- 433d Tactical Fighter Training (later, 433d Fighter) Squadron: 26 July – 15 November 1991
- 434th Fighter (later, 434th Fighter-Bomber; 434th Fighter-Day) Squadron: 15 October 1943 – 1 December 1945; 1 December 1952-8 October 1957 (detached 1 December 1952 – 11 January 1953)
- 435th Fighter (later, 435th Fighter-Bomber; 435th Fighter-Day; 435th Flying Training; 435 Fighter Training) Squadron: 15 October 1943 – 1 December 1945; 1 December 1952-8 October 1957 (detached 1 December 1952 – 27 March 1953, 26 July – 6 September 1955); 1 October 2001 – 2 March 2007
- 435th Tactical Training (later, 435th Training) Squadron: 26 July – 15 November 1991
- 436th Fighter (later, 436th Fighter-Bomber; 436th Fighter-Day; 436th Tactical Fighter Training) Squadron: 15 October 1943 – 1 December 1945; 1 December 1952-8 October 1957 (detached 1 December 1952 – 11 January 1953, 7–27 February 1954); 26 July – 2 August 1991
- 451st Flying Training Squadron, 2 October 2009 – present
- 455th Flying Training Squadron, 2 October 2009 – present
- 479th Operations Support Squadron, 2 October 2009 – present
- P-38 Lightning, 1943–1944
- P-51 (later F-51) Mustang, 1944–1945; 1952–1953
- F-86 Sabre, 1953–1956
- AT-38A/C Talon, 1991; 2000–2007
- T-6 Texan II 2000–present
- T-1A Jayhawk 2009-present
- Fairfield, Terry A. The 479th Fighter Group in World War II: in Action over Europe with the P-38 and P-51. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 2004. ISBN 0-7643-2056-4.
- Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Martin, Patrick. Tail Code: The Complete History of USAF Tactical Aircraft Tail Code Markings. Schiffer Military Aviation History, 1994. ISBN 0-88740-513-4.
- McDonnell F-4 Phantom: Spirit in the Skies. Airtime Publishing, 1992. ISBN 1-880588-31-5.
- Pace, Steve. Lockheed F-104 Starfighter (Warbird History). Motorbooks International, 1992. ISBN 0-87938-608-8.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories, 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1984. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Rogers, Brian. United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. Hinkley, England: Midland Publications, 2005. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.