47th Japanese general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
47th Japanese general election
Japan
2012 ←
members
On or before 16 December 2016

All 475 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan
  Shinzo Abe cropped.JPG Banri Kaieda Minshu IMG 5409 20130706.JPG Ishihara Shintaro 1-1.jpgToru Hashimoto, March 17, 2008.JPG
Leader Shinzō Abe Banri Kaieda Shintaro Ishihara
Tōru Hashimoto
Party Liberal Democratic Democratic Restoration
Leader since 26 September 2012 25 December 2012 19 January 2013
Leader's seat Yamaguchi-4th Tokyo PR Tokyo PR
TBD (Mayor of Osaka)
Last election 294 seats
43.01% (district)
27.79% (block)
57 seats
22.81% (district)
15.49% (block)
54 seats
11.64% (district)
20.5% (block)
Current seats 293 seats 55 seats 53 seats

  Natsuo Yamaguchi-1.jpg Yoshimi Watanabe cropped.jpg
Leader Natsuo Yamaguchi Yoshimi Watanabe Kazuo Shii
Party New Kōmeitō Your Communist
Leader since 8 September 2009 8 August 2009 November 24, 2000
Leader's seat not contesting (Coun.) Tochigi-3rd Minami-Kantō PR
Last election 31 seats
1.49% (district)
11.9% (block)
18 seats
4.71% (district)
8.77% (block)
8 seats
7.88% (district)
6.17% (block)
Current seats 31 seats 9 seats 8

Japan Districts of the House of Representatives map font.png

Parliamentary districts not including proportional blocks

Incumbent Prime Minister

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Japan

The 47th general election of members of the House of Representatives (第47回衆議院議員総選挙 dai-yonjūnanakai Shūgiin giin sōsenkyo?) of Japan is due to take place on or before Friday 16 December 2016, a barring by Constitution of Japan. It will see voting take place in all Representatives constituencies of Japan including proportional blocks, in order to appoint Members of Diet to seats in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. As the cabinet has to resign after a general House of Representatives election in the first post-election Diet session (Constitution, Article 70), the lower house election will also lead to a new designation election of the prime minister in the Diet, and the appointment of a new cabinet (even if the very same ministers are re-appointed).

Polling[edit]

Parties' approval ratings from 2013

(Source: NHK)

Date
LDP DPJ JRP NKP YP PLP JCP SDP GW NRP Other No Party Undecided
11-13 April 38.1% 7.4% 1.3% 3.4% 0.9% 0.2% 3.6% 0.6% 0.2% 37.2% 5.2%
7-9 March 38.7% 6.5% 1.1% 2.2% 0.8% 0.1% 3.3% 0.8% 0.1% 40.0% 5.2%
7-9 February 36.2% 5.8% 1.3% 3.9% 1.1% 0.3% 3.3% 1.4% 0.2% 41.0% 5.2%
11-13 January 40.4% 5.8% 1.6% 2.8% 0.8% 0.1% 1.6% 0.7% 0.3% 40.3% 5.5%
2014
6-8 December 36.7% 7.8% 2.1% 2.8% 1.2% 0.2% 3.1% 0.6% 0.0% 38.7% 6.8%
8-10 November 41.9% 5.2% 1.8% 4.4% 1.9% 0.3% 3.3% 0.4% 0.3% 35.1% 5.6%
12-14 October 36.1% 5.2% 2.1% 3.8% 1.2% 0.2% 4.0% 0.5% 0.3% 41.8% 4.9%
6-8 September 40.3% 5.5% 2.2% 4.4% 2.1% 0.0% 3.2% 0.7% 0.2% 34.6% 6.8%
9-11 August 37.9% 7.3% 4.6% 4.6% 3.2% 0.2% 3.5% 0.8% 0.9% 30.8% 6.2%
5-7 July 42.5% 8.0% 2.7% 5.3% 3.1% 0.5% 3.7% 0.9% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 24.5% 8.4%
7-9 June 41.7% 5.8% 1.5% 5.1% 1.5% 0.1% 2.2% 0.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 34.6% 7.0%
10-12 May 43.4% 5.3% 2.4% 3.7% 2.3% 0.3% 2.0% 1.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 33.3% 6.1%
5-7 April 43.6% 6.1% 2.1% 3.7% 1.3% 0.4% 2.0% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 34.5% 5.6%
8-10 March 40.1% 7.0% 3.9% 4.4% 3.1% 0.3% 2.1% 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 31.8% 6.6%
10-12 February 40.4% 7.0% 5.3% 3.1% 2.6% 0.3% 2.1% 0.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 31.7% 6.3%
12–14 January 37.8% 7.6% 6.5% 4.0% 3.7% 0.5% 2.7% 0.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 30.8% 5.4%
2013
Cabinet Approval/Disapproval Ratings
Date PM
Approval Disapproval
11-13 April Shinzo Abe 52% 31%
7-9 March Shinzo Abe 51% 30%
7-9 February Shinzo Abe 52% 33%
11-13 January Shinzo Abe 54% 31%
2014
21-22 December[1] Shinzo Abe 49% 34%
6-8 December Shinzo Abe 50% 35%
8-10 November Shinzo Abe 60% 25%
12-14 October Shinzo Abe 58% 26%
6-8 September Shinzo Abe 59% 23%
9-11 August Shinzo Abe 57% 29%
5-7 July Shinzo Abe 57% 25%
7-9 June Shinzo Abe 62% 20%
10-12 May Shinzo Abe 65% 18%
5-7 April Shinzo Abe 66% 19%
23-24 March[2] Shinzo Abe 69% 6%
9-10 March[3] Shinzo Abe 76% 22%
8-10 March Shinzo Abe 66% 18%
10-12 February Shinzo Abe 64% 20%
8-10 February[4] Shinzo Abe 71% 18%
12–14 January Shinzo Abe 64% 22%
11-13 January[5] Shinzo Abe 68% 24%
2013

Date of the election[edit]

Under the post-occupation interpretation of Article 7 of the Constitution, the cabinet may instruct the Emperor to dissolve the House of Representatives before the end of term at will. Elections must be held within 40 days after dissolution.

The only time in postwar history that the House of Representatives was not dissolved before the end of its term was in 1976. If the House of Representatives completes a full four-year term, the election must be held within 30 days before that.

Other elections[edit]

The 24th regular election of members of the House of Councillors, the upper house of the Diet, is held in early summer 2016. The possibility of double elections to both houses of the Diet on the same day (shū-san dōjitsu senkyo, 衆参同日選挙, or shū-san double senkyo, ~ダブル~; previously only in 1980 and 1986) arises if the House of Representatives is dissolved in late spring 2016.

In spring 2015, several prefectural governors, most prefectural assemblies, many municipal mayors and almost half of municipal assemblies in the country are up in the 18th unified local elections. Upcoming high-profile prefectural and local elections on other dates include the Nagano and Okinawa gubernatorial contests in 2014, gubernatorial elections in Aichi, Saitama and Osaka and the municipal elections in Nagoya and Osaka City due by 2015 and the prefectural assembly election in Okinawa in late spring 2016.

Boundary changes[edit]

Under 2013 changes to the electoral law designed to reduce malapportionment, district boundaries in 17 prefectures have been redrawn and five districts are eliminated without replacement (one each in Fukui, Yamanashi, Tokushima, Kōchi and Saga). The number of first-past-the-post seats is reduced to 295, the total number of seats decreases to 475.[6]

References[edit]