Japanese general election, 2014

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For detailed results by constituency, see Results of the Japanese general election, 2014.
Japanese general election, 2014
Japan
2012 ←
members
14 December 2014 → 48th

All 475 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan
(295 first-past-the-post in single-member districts, 180 by d'Hondt proportional in 11 regional blocs)

238 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Shinzō Abe April 2014.jpg Banri Kaieda cropped 3 Banri Kaieda 20110620 3.jpg Kenji Eda Sakado 20141203.JPG
Leader Shinzō Abe Banri Kaieda Kenji Eda
Party Liberal Democratic Democratic Innovation
Leader since 26 September 2012 25 December 2012 21 September 2014
Leader's seat Yamaguchi-4th Tokyo-1st (lost)
Tokyo PR (lost)
Kanagawa-8th
Last election 294 seats
43.02% (district)
27.62% (block)
57 seats
22.81% (district)
15.49% (block)
New
Seats before 282 62 42
Seats won 291 73 41
Seat change Increase9 Increase11 New
Popular vote 25,461,427 (district)
17,658,916 (block)
11,916,838 (district)
9,775,991 (block)
4,319,645 (district)
8,382,699 (block)
Percentage 48.1% (district)
33.11% (block)
22.5% (district)
18.33% (block)
8.2% (district)
15.72% (block)

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Natsuo Yamaguchi-1.jpg Kazuo Shii cropped.jpg Takeo Hiranuma0624 cropped.jpg
Leader Natsuo Yamaguchi Kazuo Shii Takeo Hiranuma
Party Kōmeitō Communist Future Generations
Leader since 8 September 2009 24 November 2000 1 August 2014
Leader's seat not contesting (Coun.) Minami-Kantō PR Okayama-3rd
Last election 31 seats
1.49% (district)
11.83% (block)
8 seats
7.88% (district)
6.13% (block)
New
Seats before 31 8 20
Seats won 35 21 2
Seat change Increase4 Increase13 New
Popular vote 765,390 (district)
7,314,236 (block)
7,040,130 (district)
6,062,962 (block)
947,395 (district)
1,414,919 (block)
Percentage 1.5% (district)
13.71% (block)
13.3% (district)
11.37% (block)
1.8% (district)
2.65% (block)

  Seventh party Eighth party
  SDP Ichiro Ozawa cropped 4 Ichiro Ozawa 20010718.jpg
Leader Tadatomo Yoshida Ichiro Ozawa
Party Social Democratic People's Life
Leader since 14 October 2013 25 January 2013
Leader's seat not contesting (Coun.) Iwate-4th
Last election 2 seats
0.76% (district)
2.36% (block)
New
Seats before 2 5
Seats won 2 2
Seat change Steady0 New
Popular vote 419,347 (district)
1,314,441 (block)
514,575 (district)
1,028,721 (block)
Percentage 0.8% (district)
2.46% (block)
1.0% (district)
1.93% (block)

JapanGE20014.png

districts and PR districts won by respective parties

Prime Minister before election

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Prime Minister-designate

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Japan

The 47th general election of members of the House of Representatives (第47回衆議院議員総選挙 dai-yonjūnanakai Shūgiin giin sōsenkyo?) of Japan was held on 14 December 2014. Voting took place in all Representatives constituencies of Japan including proportional blocks, in order to appoint Members of Diet to seats in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. As the cabinet has to resign after a general House of Representatives election in the first post-election Diet session (Constitution, Article 70), the lower house election will also lead to a new designation election of the prime minister in the Diet, and the appointment of a new cabinet (even if the same ministers are re-appointed).

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 14 December 2014 Japanese House of Representatives election results[1][2]
Alliances and parties Local constituency vote PR block vote Total seats +/−
Votes[3]  % Seats Votes  % Seats Total  % pre-
GE
last
GE
   Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Jimintō 25,461,427 48.1% 223 17,658,916 33.11% 68 291 61.27% Increase9 Decrease3
Komeito (KM) Kōmeitō 765,390 1.5% 9 7,314,236 13.71% 26 35 7.36% Increase4 Increase4
Prospective LDP–KM Coalition 26,226,817 49.6% 231 24,973,152 46.82% 94 326 68.63% Increase13 Increase1
   Innovation Party (JIP) Ishin no Tō 4,319,645 8.2% 11 8,382,699 15.72% 30 41 8.64% Decrease1 New
Party for Future Generations (PFG) Jisedai no Tō 947,395 1.8% 2 1,414,919 2.65% 0 2 0.42% Decrease18 New
People's Life Party (PLP) Seikatsu no Tō 514,575 1.0% 2 1,028,721 1.93% 0 2 0.42% Decrease3 New
The Third-pole parties[4] 5,781,615 11.0% 15 10,826,339 20.30% 30 45 9.48% Decrease22 New
   Democratic Party (DPJ) Minshutō 11,916,838 22.5% 38 9,775,991 18.33% 35 73 15.37% Increase11 Increase16
Communist Party (JCP) Kyōsantō 7,040,130 13.3% 1 6,062,962 11.37% 20 21 4.42% Increase13 Increase13
Social Democratic Party (SDP) Shakai Minshutō 419,347 0.8% 1 1,314,441 2.46% 1 2 0.42% Steady0 Steady0
New Renaissance Party (NRP) Shintō Kaikaku 32,759 0.1% 0 16,597 0.03% 0 0 0.00% Steady0 Steady0
Others 10,967 0.0 0 364,965 0.69% 0 0 0.00% Steady0 Steady0
Other opposition parties total 19,420,039 36.7% 40 17,534,956 32.89% 56 96 20.20% Increase24 Increase29
   Independents 1,511,242 2.9% 8 8 1.68% Decrease9 Increase3
Totals 100.00% 295 53,334,447 100.00% 180 475 100% Decrease4* Decrease5
Turnout *(1 vacant seat)
Composition of the House of Representatives after the election.

Notable losses[edit]

The most high-profile LDP candidate to lose re-election is Agriculture Minister Koya Nishikawa, who lost by 199 votes (0.2%) to former Governor of Tochigi Akio Fukuda.[5] He was questioned in October after allegedly receiving financial support from a fraudulent company.[6]

Amongst the DPJ members to lose their seats were party leader Banri Kaieda.[7] Party for Future Generations leader Shintaro Ishihara was also unsuccessful in his attempt to win a seat after receiving a low position on his party's representative ballot.[7]

Former leader of the now-dissolved Your Party and six-term representative for Tochigi-3rd district, Yoshimi Watanabe was also defeated.[8]

Other elections[edit]

Generally, the retention referendum (formally kokumin shinsa, "popular review") to confirm judges of the Supreme Court who have been recently appointed or not confirmed for 10 years is held together with a lower house election.

Subnational elections scheduled for December 14 include the prefectural assembly election in Ibaraki.[9] Another prefectural election in December 2014 is the gubernatorial election in Miyazaki, scheduled for December 21.[10]

Boundary changes[edit]

Under 2013 changes to the electoral law designed to reduce malapportionment, district boundaries in 17 prefectures have been redrawn and five districts are eliminated without replacement (one each in Fukui, Yamanashi, Tokushima, Kōchi and Saga). The number of first-past-the-post seats is reduced to 295, the total number of seats decreases to 475.[11]

Polling[edit]

Parties' approval ratings from 2013–14

(Source: NHK)

Date
LDP DPJ JRP PFG NKP YP PLP JCP SDP GW NRP UP JIP Other No Party Undecided
5–7 December 38.1% 11.7% 0.1% 5.9% 0.3% 4.3% 0.9% 0.0% 3.7% 0.1% 26.3% 8.5%
7–9 November 36.6% 7.9% 0.2% 2.2% 0.0% 0.0% 3.5% 0.6% 1.2% 0.1% 40.0% 7.7%
11–13 October 40.2% 5.6% 0.1% 4.1% 0.5% 0.1% 3.3% 0.9% 1.4% 0.1% 35.0% 8.8%
5–7 September 40.4% 5.4% 0.7% 0.1% 4.3% 0.0% 0.2% 3.3% 0.5% 0.1% 0.4% 36.9% 7.8%
8–10 August 36.7% 6.4% 1.0% 0.3% 3.0% 0.2% 0.3% 3.2% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 39.4% 8.8%
11–13 July 34.3% 4.8% 1.7% 3.6% 0.5% 0.3% 3.4% 0.9% 0.1% 0.3% 42.5% 7.6%
6–8 June 36.9% 5.1% 1.1% 4.0% 0.4% 0.1% 2.8% 0.6% 0.0% 0.1% 42.4% 6.7%
9–11 May 41.4% 5.6% 1.1% 3.7% 0.2% 0.3% 2.4% 0.9% 0.2% 0.1% 37.2% 6.9%
11–13 April 38.1% 7.4% 1.3% 3.4% 0.9% 0.2% 3.6% 0.6% 0.1% 0.2% 37.2% 5.2%
7–9 March 38.7% 6.5% 1.1% 2.2% 0.8% 0.1% 3.3% 0.8% 0.4% 0.1% 40.0% 5.2%
7–9 February 36.2% 5.8% 1.3% 3.9% 1.1% 0.3% 3.3% 1.4% 0.5% 0.2% 41.0% 5.2%
11–13 January 40.4% 5.8% 1.6% 2.8% 0.8% 0.1% 1.6% 0.7% 0.1% 0.3% 40.3% 5.5%
2014
6–8 December 36.7% 7.8% 2.1% 2.8% 1.2% 0.2% 3.1% 0.6% 0.0% 38.7% 6.8%
8–10 November 41.9% 5.2% 1.8% 4.4% 1.9% 0.3% 3.3% 0.4% 0.3% 35.1% 5.6%
12–14 October 36.1% 5.2% 2.1% 3.8% 1.2% 0.2% 4.0% 0.5% 0.3% 41.8% 4.9%
6–8 September 40.3% 5.5% 2.2% 4.4% 2.1% 0.0% 3.2% 0.7% 0.2% 34.6% 6.8%
9–11 August 37.9% 7.3% 4.6% 4.6% 3.2% 0.2% 3.5% 0.8% 0.9% 30.8% 6.2%
5–7 July 42.5% 8.0% 2.7% 5.3% 3.1% 0.5% 3.7% 0.9% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 24.5% 8.4%
7–9 June 41.7% 5.8% 1.5% 5.1% 1.5% 0.1% 2.2% 0.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 34.6% 7.0%
10–12 May 43.4% 5.3% 2.4% 3.7% 2.3% 0.3% 2.0% 1.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 33.3% 6.1%
5–7 April 43.6% 6.1% 2.1% 3.7% 1.3% 0.4% 2.0% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 34.5% 5.6%
8–10 March 40.1% 7.0% 3.9% 4.4% 3.1% 0.3% 2.1% 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 31.8% 6.6%
10–12 February 40.4% 7.0% 5.3% 3.1% 2.6% 0.3% 2.1% 0.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 31.7% 6.3%
12–14 January 37.8% 7.6% 6.5% 4.0% 3.7% 0.5% 2.7% 0.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 30.8% 5.4%
2013
Cabinet approval/disapproval ratings
Date PM
Approval Disapproval
5–7 December Shinzo Abe 47% 38%
7–9 November Shinzo Abe 44% 38%
11–13 October Shinzo Abe 52% 34%
5–7 September Shinzo Abe 58% 28%
8–10 August Shinzo Abe 51% 33%
11–13 July Shinzo Abe 47% 38%
6–8 June Shinzo Abe 52% 32%
9–11 May Shinzo Abe 56% 29%
11–13 April Shinzo Abe 52% 31%
7–9 March Shinzo Abe 51% 30%
7–9 February Shinzo Abe 52% 33%
11–13 January Shinzo Abe 54% 31%
2014
21–22 December[12] Shinzo Abe 49% 34%
6–8 December Shinzo Abe 50% 35%
8–10 November Shinzo Abe 60% 25%
12–14 October Shinzo Abe 58% 26%
6–8 September Shinzo Abe 59% 23%
9–11 August Shinzo Abe 57% 29%
5–7 July Shinzo Abe 57% 25%
7–9 June Shinzo Abe 62% 20%
10–12 May Shinzo Abe 65% 18%
5–7 April Shinzo Abe 66% 19%
23–24 March[13] Shinzo Abe 69% 6%
9–10 March[14] Shinzo Abe 76% 22%
8–10 March Shinzo Abe 66% 18%
10–12 February Shinzo Abe 64% 20%
8–10 February[15] Shinzo Abe 71% 18%
12–14 January Shinzo Abe 64% 22%
11–13 January[15] Shinzo Abe 68% 24%
2013

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ruling coalition wins over 2/3 of seats in lower house election". mainichi.jp. The Mainichi Newspaper (Mainichi Shimbun). Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Japan Election / New balance of power in House of Representatives". the-japan-news.com. The Japan News (Yomiuri Shimbun). Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Decimals from fractional votes (ambunhyō) rounded to full numbers
  4. ^ "Third pole unable to clearly differentiate". the-japan-news.com. The Japan News (Yomiuri Shimbun). Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  5. ^ NHK(Japan Broadcasting Corporation). "NHK2014衆院選". NHK2014衆院選. 
  6. ^ Sukyandaru
  7. ^ a b "Abe tightens grip on power as ruling coalition wins 325 seats in Lower House election". The Japan Times. 
  8. ^ "Ex-Your Party leader Watanabe, ex-Tokyo Gov. Ishihara to lose seats". mainichi.jp. 
  9. ^ Ibaraki prefectural election commission: 2014 general election (on the prefectural and municipal levels: ippan-senkyo, 一般選挙, not sō-senkyo as in elections to the national House of Representatives) of members of the prefectural assembly (in Japanese)
  10. ^ Miyazaki prefectural election commisison: Schedule for the Miyazaki gubernatorial election (in Japanese)
  11. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications: 衆議院小選挙区の区割りの改定等について
  12. ^ "Approval rating for Abe Cabinet falls below 50% for 1st time since inauguration: Mainichi poll (in English)". Mainichi Shimbun. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "【産経・FNN合同世論調査】安倍内閣支持69・6%に上昇 鳩山内閣発足時を超える". MSN産経ニュース. 
  14. ^ TBS/JNN
  15. ^ a b 内閣支持率71%、2回連続上昇...読売世論調査

External links[edit]

Media related to Japanese general election, 2014 at Wikimedia Commons