49th Army

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49th Army
Active August 6, 1941 - 1945(?)
c.1993
2010 - present
Country Soviet Union/Russian Federation
Branch Soviet Army/Russian Ground Forces
Size Varied
Garrison/HQ Stavropol (current)
Commanders
Current
commander
Major-General Sergey Vasilyevich Kuralenko (?)

The 49th Army (Russian: 49-я армия) of the Soviet Union's Red Army was an army-level command active during the Second World War.

On 6 August 1941, a Stavka directive ordered the formation of the 49th Army. One day later the army was formed as part of the Reserve Front, based on 35th Rifle Corps. The army initially comprised 194th Mountain Rifle Division, 220th, 248th, 298th Rifle Divisions, the 4th People's Militia Division, 396th Corps Artillery Regiment, and other units. By 17 August 1941 the army was deployed in the rear of the Western Front.

On 12 October 1941, under the command of Lieutenant General I. G. Zakharkin, the 49th Army was placed on the Mozhaisk defense line, which was credited for slowing down the German approach toward Moscow.[1]

It ended the war as part of the 2nd Belorussian Front, with the 42nd Rifle Division being among its units.[2]

In 1990, there were three army corps in the North Caucasus Military District. Among them was the 12th Army Corps at Krasnodar, commanding the 9th Motor Rifle Division. 12th Army Corps had been formed in unclear circumstances after the end of the Second World War, possibly from part of 45th Army.[3] By 1 January 1993, the 12th Army Corps had become the 49th Army.[4] 49th Army was then later redesignated 67th Army Corps.

After the 2008 Russian military reforms, 49th Army was formed as part of the Southern Military District, headquartered at Stavropol. Its headquarters was seemingly established in the former Institute of Communications of the Strategic Rocket Forces at Stavropol.[5] Major General Sergey Kuralenko was appointed commander by a decree of January 9, 2011, with Major General Viktor Astapova first deputy commander.

According to warfare.ru, 49th Army (listed at Stavropol/Maikop) had under control in late 2011 the 4th Guards and 7th Military Bases (South Ossetia and Abkhazia) and the 8th (former Taman Guards Motor Rifle Division), 33rd and 34th separate Mountain Motor Rifle Brigades (Borzoi, Chechniya, Maikop, and Storozhevaya-2), as well as the 66th Communications Brigade.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979).
  2. ^ Poirer and Connor
  3. ^ Feskov et al 2004, 46
  4. ^ Andrew Duncan, 'Russian Forces in Decline - Part 4', Jane's Intelligence Review, December 1996
  5. ^ http://russiandefpolicy.wordpress.com/2011/01/10/more-appointments-dismissals-etc/, accessed January 2011, and http://www.ryadovoy.ru/forum/index.php/topic,2479.0.html
  6. ^ Warfare.ru, Southern Military District, accessed September 2011